Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Savitz v. Citizens Bank, N.A.

United States District Court, W.D. Pennsylvania

January 10, 2020

ARTHUR SAVITZ, Plaintiff,
v.
CITIZENS BANK, N.A., Defendant.

          MEMORANDUM ORDER OF COURT

          ARTHUR J. SCHWAB UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Before the Court is Defendant's Renewed Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs Complaint and Brief in Support of same. ECF 20 and ECF 21. Plaintiff filed a Brief in Opposition (ECF 23), and Defendant filed a Reply (ECF 24) making the matter ripe for disposition. After careful consideration of the arguments the Court will grant in part and deny in part the Renewed Motion to Dismiss for the reasons set forth herein.

         I. Standard of Review - Rule 12(b)(6)

         Under Rule 12(b)(6), a Complaint must be dismissed for “failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.” Detailed factual pleading is not required - Rule 8(a)(2) calls for a “short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief - but a Complaint must set forth sufficient factual allegations that, taken as true, set forth a plausible claim for relief. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). The plausibility standard does not require a showing of probability that a claim has merit, Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 556 (2007), but it does require that a pleading show “more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678. Determining the plausibility of an alleged claim is “a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense.” Id. at 679 Building upon the landmark United States Supreme Court decisions in Twombly and Iqbal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit explained that a District Court must undertake the following three steps to determine the sufficiency of a complaint:

First, the court must take note of the elements a plaintiff must plead to state a claim. Second, the court should identify allegations that, because they are no more than conclusions, are not entitled to the assumption of truth. Finally, where there are well-pleaded factual allegations, a court should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement for relief.

Connelly v. Steel Valley Sch. Dist., 706 F.3d 209, 212 (3d Cir. 2013) (citation omitted).

         The third step requires this Court to consider the specific nature of the claims presented and to determine whether the facts pled to substantiate the claims are sufficient to show a “plausible claim for relief.” Covington v. Int'l Ass'n of Approved Basketball Officials, 710 F.3d 114, 118 (3d Cir. 2013); see also Santiago v. Warminster Twp., 629 F.3d 121, 130 (3d Cir. 2010) (In reference to third step, “where there are well-pleaded factual allegations, the court should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement for relief.”).

         When adjudicating a Motion to Dismiss for failure to state a claim, the Court must view all of the allegations and facts in the Complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, and must grant the plaintiff the benefit of all reasonable inferences that can be derived therefrom. Kanter v. Barella, 489 F.3d 170, 177 (3d Cir. 2007) (quoting Evancho v. Fisher, 423 F.3d 347, 350 (3d Cir. 2005)). However, the Court need not accept inferences or conclusory allegations that are unsupported by the facts set forth in the complaint. See Reuben v. U.S. Airways, Inc., 500 Fed.Appx. 103, 104 (3d Cir. 2012) (quoting Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678); Fowler v. UPMC Shadyside, 578 F.3d 203, 210-11 (3d Cir. 2009) (stating that District Courts “must accept all of the Complaint's well-pleaded facts as true, but may disregard any legal conclusions”). “While legal conclusions can provide the framework of a Complaint, they must be supported by factual allegations.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 664.

         This Court may not dismiss a Complaint merely because it appears unlikely or improbable that Plaintiff can prove the facts alleged or will ultimately prevail on the merits. Twombly, 550 U.S. at 563 n.8. Instead, this Court must ask whether the facts alleged raise a reasonable expectation that discovery will reveal evidence of the necessary elements. Id. at 556. Generally speaking, a Complaint that provides adequate facts to establish “how, when, and where” will survive a Motion to Dismiss. Fowler, 578 F.3d at 212.

         In short, a Motion to Dismiss should be granted if a party fails to allege facts, which could, if established at trial, entitle him/her to relief. Twombly, 550 U.S. at 563 n.8.

         II. Procedural and Factual Background

         As noted in the Court's prior Opinion (ECF 16), this Court assumes all facts set forth in Plaintiff's Complaint are true, solely for the purpose of adjudicating this Motion.

         Plaintiff brought this lawsuit against Defendant alleging that Defendant violated the Electronic Funds Transfer Act (“EFTA”), 15 U.S.C. 1601, et seq., and the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”), 15 U.S.C. 1692, et seq. According to the Complaint, Plaintiff had a savings account and Home Equity Lines of Credit (“HELOCs”) with Defendant (collectively “Plaintiff's Accounts”). ECF 1. The HELOCs are secured by Plaintiff's primary residence. Id.

         Plaintiff alleges he was victim of fraud regarding these Accounts from July 27, 2018 through August 9, 2018. Id. The fraud involved unauthorized electronic transfers from Plaintiff's Accounts, and was part of a larger fraud scheme which was investigated by the FBI. Id. The total value of ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.