United States District Court, W.D. Pennsylvania
FINDINGS OF FACT, CONCLUSIONS OF LAW, AND ORDER OF
Donetta W. Ambrose United States Senior District Judge
November 19, 2015, Lt. Conor Mullen (“Mullen”),
employed by the Allegheny County Sheriffs Department, was a
member of an FBI Task Force Bank Robbery Squad.
that same day Mullen and FBI Special Agent Danna
(“Danna”) were informed of a bank robbery that
had occurred around 2:00-3:00 p.m. in White Oak. They were
also told that a suspect (“Defendant”) was in
custody at the McKeesport police station and had requested to
speak with federal agents.
Mullen and Danna met Defendant at the station at
approximately 5:45 p.m. According to Mullen's credible
testimony, they met in a comfortable interview room;
Defendant was clothed and neither cuffed nor shackled; and,
Defendant was alert and attentive and showed no signs of
being under the influence of alcohol or any controlled
Defendant did tell Mullen and Danna that he had not taken his
diabetes medicine that day so Mullen gave Defendant a sugary
drink. Defendant himself testified that immediately prior to
the arrival of Mullen and Danna, Defendant had been given a
cheeseburger, fries and a drink, which he ate.
Defendant was given his Miranda warnings orally and was
presented with a form on which they were written. Defendant
followed the questions as they were asked, answered
accordingly, and signed the waiver.
According to Mullen's credible testimony, Defendant was
adamant about speaking to the federal agents because
Defendant wanted to be lodged in federal, not state
Again, according to Mullen's credible testimony, Mullen
told Defendant that he could not guarantee incarceration in a
federal facility and that Defendant would likely be confined
in the Allegheny County Jail. Defendant was disappointed but
still wanted to talk to the agents.
Defendant gave information about his involvement in both bank
robberies that are the subject of this indictment. He also
gave information about his involvement in two other bank
robberies which were ten years old and about which Mullen and
Danna knew nothing.
Defendant then requested an attorney before he talked further
about bank robberies and the interrogation as to bank
Prior to Mullen's and Danna's arrival, Defendant had
been treated by a paramedic for pain Defendant complained of
after he fell down a hill during a police chase prior to his
arrest. Defendant was not hospitalized nor given any
According to Mullen's credible testimony, Defendant did
not appear to be afraid at any time during the interrogation
which lasted 1.5-2 hours.
Although it may have been that Defendant told Mullen and Dana
he was a user of cocaine and marijuana, Defendant at no ...