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McCoy v. Baltazar

United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania

November 3, 2017

REGGIE L. McCOY, Petitioner
v.
WARDEN J. BALTAZAR, Respondent

          MEMORANDUM

          A. RICHARD CAPUTO UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         I. Introduction

         On April 18, 2017, the Petitioner, Reggie L. McCoy, filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. In his Petition, Mr. McCoy claims his actual innocence, conviction of a nonexistent crime, and a defective sentence enhancement based on the following Supreme Court rulings: Burrage v. United States, __ U.S.__, 134 S.Ct. 881, 187 L.Ed.2d 715 (2014), [1] Rosemond v. United States, U.S., 134 S.Ct. 1240, 188 L.Ed.2d 248 (2014), [2] and McFadden v. United States, __ U.S.__, 135 S.Ct. 2298, 192 L.Ed.2d 260 (2015).[3]

         Following the Court's preliminary review of the Petition, and Mr. McCoy's supplements, Petitioner will be ordered to demonstrate why his Petition should not be dismissed as the claims raised are redundant to other § 2241 petitions he has filed or the issues presented could have been raised in his earlier § 2241 petition.[4]

         II. Legal Standard for Second or Successive § 2241 Petition

         As amended by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”), 28 U.S.C. § 2244(a) provides:

No circuit or district judge shall be required to entertain an application for a writ of habeas corpus to inquire into the detention of a person pursuant to a judgment of a court of the United States if it appears that the legality of such detention has been determined by a judge or court of the United States on a prior application for a writ of habeas corpus, except as provided in section 2255.

         28 U.S.C. § 2244(a). As such, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has held that a district court may dismiss a successive § 2241 petition as an abuse of the writ pursuant to § 2244(a) “where the issues raised had been, or could have been, decided in a prisoner's previous habeas action in another district court.” Henderson v. Bledsoe, 396 Fed.Appx. 906, 907 - 08 (3d Cir. 2010) (citing Queen v. Miner, 530 F.3d 253, 255 (3d Cir.2008)); see Donelson v. Loretto, 566 Fed.Appx. 111, 112 & n.2 (3d Cir. 2014) (applying the “abuse of the writ” doctrine to a successive § 2241 petition); Reyes-Vasquez v. Scism, 514 Fed.Appx. 133, 136 (3d Cir. 2013).

         III. Discussion

         On July 1, 1991, the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida sentenced Mr. McCoy to two consecutive life sentences after he was found guilty of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base, possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base, and aiding and abetting. His conviction was affirmed by the Eleventh Circuit on November 15, 1994. See United States v. Smith, 41 F.3d 667 (Table) (11th Cir. 1994). The Supreme Court denied certiorari on March 27, 1995. McCoy v. United States, 514 U.S. 1041, 115 S.Ct. 1411, 131 L.Ed.2d 296 (1995).

         In October 1995, McCoy filed a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion with the sentencing court. That court denied the motion, and in October 1998, the Eleventh Circuit affirmed. Since then, McCoy has filed numerous collateral attacks on his conviction and sentence and has repeatedly requested, and been denied, permission by the Eleventh Circuit to file a successive § 2255 motion. The most recent denial was issued on November 28, 2016. See In Re: Reginald L. McCoy, No. 16-16873-J (11th Cir. Nov. 28, 2016). Mr. McCoy sought relief based on, inter alia, Burrage, supra.

         Mr. McCoy has also filed multiple § 2241 petitions in this Court as well as across the county, depending on his placement by the Bureau of Prisons. Of significance here, the Court notes that Mr. McCoy currently has a § 2241 petition pending before the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky. See McCoy v. Kizziah, 7:16-cv-0247-KKC (E.D. Ky.). That petition was filed prior to his § 2241 Petition in this Court and is similarly based.

         Accordingly, Mr. McCoy will be directed to show cause why his present Petition is not ...


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