from the Judgment of Sentence May 5, 2014 In the Court of
Common Pleas of Philadelphia County Criminal Division at No.:
BEFORE: OTT, J., DUBOW, J., and STEVENS, P.J.E.
Joshua Robinson, appeals from the Judgment of Sentence
imposed in connection with six summary criminal contempt
convictions incurred in the Court of Common Pleas of
Philadelphia County on May 5, 2014. After careful review, we
sought to represent himself in connection with numerous
offenses pending against him, including Robbery and Attempted
Murder. On May 5, 2014, the trial court held a
Grazier hearing. The court first reviewed
Appellant's mental health evaluation, in which a
psychiatrist concluded that, although Appellant "was at
times not cooperative with the interviewer's questions[,
]" he was "capable of taking part in legal
proceedings." N.T., 5/5/14, at 5. The trial court then
began the Grazier colloquy by asking Appellant his
age. Before answering the question, Appellant immediately
interrupted the proceedings by asking if he could "say
something before we begin[.]" Id. at 6.
Appellant then asked the trial court numerous questions about
the nature of the proceedings and his representation by
counsel. After several more questions, Appellant claimed to
be confused about his status as the defendant:
THE DEFENDANT: …You saying I am the defendant?
THE COURT: Yes.
THE DEFENDANT: I'm the defendant?
THE COURT: You are a defendant Mr. Robinson, yes.
THE DEFENDANT: You sure?
THE COURT: Mr. Robinson, I am not going to play games with
you. I have a mental health examination that indicates that
you are not cooperative. You did this in my courtroom the
last time we had you.
THE DEFENDANT: That wasn't me. You sure?
N.T., 5/5/14, at 7-8.
continued arguing with the trial court, and the sheriff
ordered Appellant to "[c]alm down." Id. at
9. The transcript indicates that Appellant's misbehavior
escalated during the remainder of the hearing, with the trial
court finding Appellant in direct criminal contempt six
times, as follows:
THE COURT: Why are you asking me if I am sure you are a
THE DEFENDANT: I am just confused. I just --
THE COURT: No, no. Answer my questions.
THE DEFENDANT: I mean, you yelling --
THE COURT: Answer my questions.
THE DEFENDANT: That doesn't help me understand. I cannot
THE COURT: I am holding you in contempt for willfully trying
to disrupt the operation --
THE DEFENDANT: I --
THE COURT: Shut up while I am talking. Three to six months
THE DEFENDANT: I don't consent to that. I don't
consent to that.
THE COURT: I will ask you again; answer my question. Why are
you questioning me --
THE DEFENDANT: I would love to.
THE COURT: Stop interrupting ...