IN RE: M.Z.T.M.W., A MINOR APPEAL OF: M.W., BIRTH MOTHER IN RE: M.Z.T.W., A MINOR APPEAL OF: M.W., BIRTH MOTHER
from the Decree November 17, 2016 In the Court of Common
Pleas of Allegheny County Orphans' Court at Nos.
BEFORE: PANELLA, STABILE, JJ., and STEVENS, [*] P.J.E.
("Mother") appeals from the decrees entered
November 17, 2016, in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny
County, which involuntarily terminated her parental rights to
her twin sons, M.Z.T.M.W. and M.Z.T.W., born in April
2015. After careful review, we affirm.
record reveals that Allegheny County Children, Youth and
Families ("CYF") has a lengthy history of
involvement with Mother, beginning in 1999. N.T., 11/17/2016,
at 9. M.Z.T.M.W. and M.Z.T.W. are Mother's seventh and
eighth children, and Mother's parental rights with
respect to her previous six children have already been
terminated. Id. at 10. M.Z.T.M.W. And
M.Z.T.W. entered foster care immediately after being
discharged from the hospital, due to Mother's history of
mental health issues, parental incapacity, drug and alcohol
concerns, and intellectual disabilities. Id. at 9,
11, 28-29. The children have resided in the same pre-adoptive
foster home since June 3, 2015. Id. at 28-29. They
were adjudicated dependent on June 23, 2015, and aggravated
circumstances were found that same day. Id. at 9,
March 2, 2016, CYF filed petitions to involuntarily terminate
Mother's parental rights to M.Z.T.M.W. and M.Z.T.W. The
orphans' court conducted a termination hearing on
November 17, 2016. Following the hearing, the court entered
decrees terminating Mother parental rights. Mother timely
filed notices of appeal on December 16, 2016, along with
concise statements of errors complained of on appeal.
reviewing an appeal from a decree terminating parental
rights, we apply the following standard of review.
The standard of review in termination of parental rights
cases requires appellate courts to accept the findings of
fact and credibility determinations of the trial court if
they are supported by the record. If the factual findings are
supported, appellate courts review to determine if the trial
court made an error of law or abused its discretion. A
decision may be reversed for an abuse of discretion only upon
demonstration of manifest unreasonableness, partiality,
prejudice, bias, or ill-will. The trial court's decision,
however, should not be reversed merely because the record
would support a different result. We have previously
emphasized our deference to trial courts that often have
first-hand observations of the parties spanning multiple
In re T.S.M., 71 A.3d 251, 267 (Pa. 2013) (citations
and quotation marks omitted).
of parental rights is governed by Section 2511 of the
Adoption Act, 23 Pa.C.S.A. §§ 2101-2938, which
requires a bifurcated analysis.
Initially, the focus is on the conduct of the parent. The
party seeking termination must prove by clear and convincing
evidence that the parent's conduct satisfies the
statutory grounds for termination delineated in Section
2511(a). Only if the court determines that the parent's
conduct warrants termination of his or her parental rights
does the court engage in the second part of the analysis
pursuant to Section 2511(b): determination of the needs and
welfare of the child under the standard of best interests of
the child. One major aspect of the needs and welfare analysis
concerns the nature and status of the emotional bond between
parent and child, with close attention paid to the effect on
the child of permanently severing any such bond.
In re L.M., 923 A.2d 505, 511 (Pa. Super. 2007)
case, the orphans' court terminated Mother's parental
rights pursuant to Sections 2511(a)(2), (5), and (b), which
provide as follows.
(a) General rule.
The rights of a parent in regard to a child may be
terminated after a petition filed on any of the following