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Dorceant v. Fox

United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania

February 6, 2017

LUCKENSON DORCEANT, Petitioner
v.
WARDEN JACK FOX, Respondent

          MEMORANDUM

          RICHARD P. CONABOY United States District Judge.

         Background

         This pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 was filed by Luckenson Dorceant, an inmate presently confined at the Allenwood Low Federal Correctional Institution, White Deer, Pennsylvania. Petitioner's action was transferred to this Court from the United States District Court for the Central District of California. The Petition is accompanied by an in forma pauperis application which will be granted for the sole purpose of the filing of the petition with this Court.

         Petitioner's pending action does not challenge the legality of his conviction or sentence. Rather, his Petition seeks relief with respect to a disciplinary proceeding at his prior place of confinement, the United States Penitentiary, Lompoc, California (USP-Lompoc).

         Dorceant indicates that while confined at USP-Lompoc he was issued a misconduct on June 6, 2015 by S. Wilson which charged him with stealing 5 pounds of mozzarella cheese, 5 pounds of cheddar cheese, 3 bell peppers, 5 carrots, 9 tomatoes, 24 onions, and 10 potatoes. See Doc. 1, p. 14. According to the Petition, the stolen items were concealed under a pillow on Petitioner's wheelchair.[1] The value of the items was estimated as being approximately $ 50.00. Following a disciplinary hearing on June 19, 2015 Petitioner was found guilty of the charge and sanctioned to a 45 day period of solitary confinement, and 60 day loss of telephone and commissary privileges.

         Petitioner asserts that his due process rights were violated because although he was admittedly in possession of stolen property he did not steal anything. Id. Petitioner explains that due to his disability he was unable to work in the prison kitchen and therefore did not have the opportunity to steal the food items. Dorceant additionally contends that the estimated value of the stolen items was inflated and that “the officer added items that was not encompassed in final inventory.” Id., ¶ 8.

         Discussion

         Habeas corpus petitions are subject to summary dismissal pursuant to Rule 4 (“Preliminary Review”) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts, 28 U.S.C. foll. § 2254 (2004). See, e.g., Mutope v. Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole, 2007 WL 846559 *2 (M.D. Pa. March 19, 2007)(Kosik, J.). The provisions of Rule 4 are applicable to § 2241 petitions under Rule 1(b)). See, e.g., Patton v. Fenton, 491 F.Supp. 156, 158-59 (M.D. Pa. 1979).

         Rule 4 provides in pertinent part: “If it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner.” A petition may be dismissed without review of an answer “when the petition is frivolous, or obviously lacking in merit, or where. . . the necessary facts can be determined from the petition itself. . . .” Gorko v. Holt, 2005 WL 1138479 *1(M.D. Pa. May 13, 2005)(McClure, J.)(quoting Allen v. Perini, 424 F.2d 134, 141 (6th Cir. 1970).

         Habeas corpus review under § 2241 “allows a federal prisoner to challenge the ‘execution' of his sentence.” Woodall v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, 432 F.3d 235, 241 (3d Cir. 2005). A habeas corpus petition may be brought by a prisoner who seeks to challenge either the fact or duration of his confinement in prison. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475 (1973), Telford v. Hepting, 980 F.2d 745, 748 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 510 U.S. 920 (1993). Federal habeas relief is available only “where the deprivation of rights is such that it necessarily impacts the fact or length of detention.” Leamer v. Fauver, 288 F.3d 532, 540 (3d Cir. 2002). In Suggs v. Bureau of Prisons, 2008 WL 2966740 *4 (D. N.J. July 31, 2008), it was reiterated that in cases where “a judgment in Petitioner's favor would not affect the fact or duration of Petitioner's incarceration, habeas relief is unavailable.” Recognizing the observation in Woodall that the precise meaning of execution of sentence is hazy, it has been similarly held that to “the extent that a prisoner challenges his conditions of confinement, such claims must be raised by way of a civil rights action.” Hairston v. Grondolsky, 2008 WL 618805, *2 (D.N.J. March 3, 2008).

         As noted above, the allegations set forth in the Petition do not include a challenge to the legality of Dorceant's present incarceration. Petitioner does not claim that he was sanctioned to a loss of good time credits during the challenged disciplinary proceedings or that the misconduct charge by prison officials otherwise extended the length of his confinement. Based upon a review of the Petition, there is no basis for a determination that Dorceant is claiming entitlement to speedier or immediate release from custody.

         Thus, based upon Dorceant's present petition and attached exhibits it is not apparent that the purported constitutional misconduct adversely affected the fact or duration of his incarceration. See Fiore v. Lindsay, 336 Fed.Appx. 168, 170 (3d Cir. 2009)(forms of prison discipline other then a loss of good time credit may not be pursued under § 2241); Wapnick v. True, Civil No. 4:CV-97-1829, slip op. (M.D. Pa. Dec. 17, 1997)(McClure, J.)(alleged improper placement in administrative confinement is not a basis for relief under § 2241).

         Accordingly, “habeas corpus is not an appropriate or available federal remedy” with respect to said claims. SeeLinnen v. Armainis, 991 F.2d 1102, 1109 ...


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