June 10, 2015
B.B. In re: J.K., Petitioner
Department of Public Welfare, Respondent
Submitted April 24, 2015
Appealed from No. 021-14-0326. State Agency: Bureau of Hearings and Appeals.
Michael J. Rudinski, Williamsport, for petitioner.
Charles F. Greevy, III, Williamsport, for intervenor Lycoming County Department of Children and Youth.
BEFORE: HONORABLE BERNARD L. McGINLEY, Judge, HONORABLE MARY HANNAH LEAVITT, Judge, HONORABLE ROCHELLE S. FRIEDMAN, Senior Judge.
ROCHELLE S. FRIEDMAN, Senior Judge
B.B. petitions for review of the October 17, 2014, order of the Secretary of the Department of Public Welfare (Secretary) denying B.B.'s request for reconsideration of the Department of Public Welfare (DPW), Bureau of Hearings and Appeals' (Bureau) final administrative action dated September 16, 2014. The Bureau determined that insufficient grounds existed to permit an appeal nunc pro tunc and upheld the decision of the DPW's Director of the Division of Operations (Director) to dismiss B.B.'s appeal of an indicated report of child abuse as untimely. We reverse and remand.
On July 17, 2013, ChildLine notified B.B. that he is listed on the statewide
central registry of child abuse as a perpetrator in an indicated report of child abuse. On August 14, 2013, B.B. appealed, seeking review and expungement of the indicated report of child abuse. On October 4, 2013, ChildLine notified B.B. that it had reviewed the indicated report and found it to be accurate and maintained in a manner consistent with the Child Protective Services Law (Law), 23 Pa. C.S. § § 6301-6386. The October 4, 2013, notice advised B.B. that he must request administrative review in writing within 45 days of the notice date.
On November 21, 2013, counsel for B.B. (Counsel) mailed an appeal of the October 4, 2013, notice. The appeal was postmarked 48 days after the October 4, 2013, notice. On January 10, 2014, the Director denied B.B.'s appeal as untimely. On February 21, 2014, B.B. requested an appeal nunc pro tunc.
An administrative law judge (ALJ) conducted a hearing on August 25, 2014. Counsel testified that he filed the appeal late because he had emergency eye surgery for a partially detached retina in August 2013, had to hang his head upside down for 40 minutes of every hour after the surgery, and did not return to work until the week of November 18, 2013. (N.T., 8/25/14, at 14.)
On September 12, 2014, the ALJ recommended that B.B.'s appeal be dismissed as untimely. The ALJ found that:
no evidence was presented to show the delay in filing of the late appeal was caused by fraud or its equivalent on the part of administrative authorities, a breakdown in the administrative process, or the non-negligent conduct of [B.B.] or someone acting on [B.B.'s] behalf or the negligent conduct of a third party.
(ALJ's Findings of Fact, No. 8.) The ALJ reasoned that:
In this case, Counsel for [B.B.] stated he had eye surgery in August 2013, and he had to hold his head upside down for 40 minutes of every hour following the surgery. Counsel further stated he did not return to work until November 18, 2013. However, Counsel did not present any evidence to verify his absence from work due to his surgery. Therefore, I do not find Counsel has shown the delay was caused by non-negligent circumstances beyond the control of [B.B's] counsel.
(ALJ's Discussion at 3.) On September 16, 2014, the Bureau adopted the ALJ's recommendation in its entirety and issued its final administrative action, dismissing B.B.'s appeal as untimely.
On September 26, 2014, B.B. filed a request for reconsideration of the Bureau's September 16, 2014, decision with the Secretary. On October 17, 2014, the Secretary issued an order denying B.B.'s request. B.B. now petitions this court for review.
A party may appeal the denial of a request for reconsideration pursuant to section 5105(a)(2) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa. C.S. § 5105(a)(2), which grants the right to appeal agency determinations that are not considered adjudications pursuant to the Administrative Agency Law, 2 Pa. C.S. § § 501-508, 701-704. Payne v. Workers' Compensation Appeal Board (Elwyn, Inc.), 928 A.2d 377, 379 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2007).
Our review of the Secretary's denial of reconsideration is limited to considering whether the Secretary abused her discretion. Id.
An abuse of discretion " occurs not merely when the [lower tribunal] reaches a decision contrary to the decision that the appellate court would have reached. Rather, an abuse of discretion occurs 'when the course pursued represents not merely an error of judgment, but where the judgment is manifestly unreasonable or where the law is not applied or where the record shows that the action is a result of partiality, prejudice, bias or ill will.'"
Id. (citations omitted).
Here, B.B. argues that the Secretary abused her discretion when she adopted the Bureau's determination that Counsel, in addition to his own testimony, needed to submit additional evidence to verify that Counsel had a medical emergency that prohibited him from timely filing B.B.'s appeal. We agree.
A court may grant a nunc pro tunc appeal in certain extraordinary circumstances. Criss v. Wise, 566 Pa. 437, 781 A.2d 1156, 1159 (Pa. 2001). Initially, a nunc pro tunc appeal was limited to situations where a party failed to file a timely appeal because of fraud or a breakdown in the administrative process. Id. However, our Supreme Court in Bass v. Commonwealth, 485 Pa. 256, 401 A.2d 1133 (Pa. 1979), expanded that limited exception, determining that a nunc pro tunc appeal may be granted:
where the appellant proves that: (1) the appellant's notice of appeal was filed late as a result of non-negligent circumstances, either as they relate to the appellant or the appellant's counsel; (2) the appellant filed the notice of appeal shortly after the expiration date; and (3) the appellee was not prejudiced by the delay.
Criss, 781 A.2d at 1159 (citing Bass, 401 A.2d at 1135-36); see Perry v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 74 Pa.Cmwlth. 388, 459 A.2d 1342, 1343 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1983) (granting a nunc pro tunc appeal where counsel filed the appeal three days late because his law clerk's vehicle had mechanical problems while en route to the post office); Tony Grande, Inc. v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Rodriguez), 71 Pa.Cmwlth. 566, 455 A.2d 299, 300 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1983) (granting a nunc pro tunc appeal where counsel filed the appeal three days late because he was hospitalized).
In Bass, our Supreme Court found the conduct of an attorney who filed an appeal late due to his secretary becoming ill, leaving work, and being out of work for a week while the appeal documents sat unfiled on her desk non-negligent. 401 A.2d at 1134. Our Supreme Court granted the nunc pro tunc appeal, holding that petitioners " should not lose their day in court" due to " the non-negligent failure [of the attorney] to file an appeal." Id. at 1135-36.
Here, the ALJ determined that Counsel did not present any evidence to verify his absence from work due to the surgery. However, a review of the record and the ALJ's recommendation reveals otherwise. Before the ALJ, Counsel testified that following emergency eye surgery for a partially detached retina in August 2013, he had to hold his head upside down for 40
minutes of every hour and remained off of work until the week of November 18, 2013. Counsel stated that he promptly appealed the expungement denial on November 21, 2013, three days after the 45-day deadline.
Counsel's testimony was sufficient to raise the inference that he was unable to perfect B.B.'s appeal due to non-negligent circumstances. See Cook v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 543 Pa. 381, 671 A.2d 1130, 1132 (Pa. 1996) (concluding that appellant's testimony regarding his hospitalization raised the inference that appellant was unable to perfect his appeal while hospitalized). Additionally, Counsel's testimony was sufficient to establish non-negligent circumstances because his testimony was unchallenged. See id. (stating that there was no contrary evidence to rebut the inference raised by appellant). Thus, the Bureau erred in determining that Counsel needed to present other evidence to support his testimony when his testimony was neither challenged nor discredited. Because the Supreme Court has spoken on this issue, determining that an appellant should not be put out of court for the non-negligent acts of his counsel, we find that the Bureau erred in denying Counsel's nunc pro tunc appeal. Therefore, the Secretary erred in denying reconsideration when the record contained unrefuted evidence supporting Counsel's non-negligent reasons for filing the late appeal.
Accordingly, we reverse the Secretary's decision denying B.B.'s request for reconsideration and remand this matter to the Secretary for consideration of Counsel's nunc pro tunc appeal.
AND NOW, this 10th day of June, 2015, we hereby reverse the October 17, 2014, order of the Secretary of the Department of Public Welfare (Secretary) denying B.B.'s request for reconsideration of the September 16, 2014, final order of the Department of Public Welfare, Bureau of Hearings and Appeals and remand this matter to the Secretary for consideration of B.B.'s appeal.