United States District Court, E.D. Pennsylvania
May 28, 2015
JOHN MING, Petitioner,
FRANKLIN TENNIS, et al., Respondents.
RONALD L. BUCKWALTER, District Judge.
Presently pending is Petitioner's "Independent Action for Relief From Final Order, or, Alternatively, Motion for Relief from Final Order Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 60(b)." Petitioner argues that he is entitled to relief pursuant to the decisions in McQuiggin v. Perkins, ___U.S.___, 133 S.Ct. 1924 (2013), Martinez v. Ryan, 566 U.S.___, 132 S.Ct. 1309 (2012), and Cox v. Horn, 757 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2014). However, Petitioner's Rule 60 motion is not timely. Therefore, the instant motion will be denied.
Rule 60(b) provides, in relevant part, that relief from judgment may be granted on the following grounds:
(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; (2) newly discovered evidence which by due diligence could not have been discovered in time to move for a new trial under Rule 59(b); (3) fraud (whether heretofore denominated intrinsic or extrinsic), misrepresentation, or other misconduct of an adverse party; (4) the judgment is void; (5) the judgment has been satisfied, released, or discharged, or a prior judgment upon which it is based has been reversed or otherwise vacated, or it is no longer equitable that the judgment should have prospective application; or (6) any other reason justifying relief from the operation of the judgment. Fed.R.Civ.P. 60(b). "All motions filed pursuant to Rule 60(b) must be made within a reasonable time.'" In re Diet Drugs (Phentermine/Fenfluramine/Dexfenfluramine) Prod. Liab. Litig., 383 F.Appx. 242, 246 (3d Cir. 2010). "What constitutes a reasonable time' under Rule 60(b) is to be decided under the circumstances of each case." Id. (citation omitted). "As a general matter, a Rule 60(b)(6) motion filed more than one year after final judgment is untimely unless extraordinary circumstances' excuse the [party's] failure to proceed sooner." Ortiz v. Pierce, No. 08-4877, 2014 WL 3909138, at *1 (D. Del. Aug. 11, 2014 (citing Ackerman v. United States, 340 U.S. 193, 202(1950)).
The court concludes that Petitioner's instant Rule 60(b) motion, in which he seeks relief from the court's Order dated March 28, 2007, denying his petition for habeas corpus relief, was not filed within a reasonable time. Petitioner filed the instant motion more than eight years after the entry of the court's Order denying his petition for habeas corpus relief.
The court first notes that in Martinez, the Supreme Court held that "[wjhere, under state law, claims of ineffective assistance of trial counsel must be raised in an initial-review collateral proceeding, [i.e., a collateral proceeding that provides the first occasion for a defendant to raise a claim that trial counsel was ineffective, ] a procedural default will not bar a federal habeas court from hearing a substantial claim of ineffective assistance at trial if, in the initial-review collateral proceeding, there was no counsel or counsel in that proceeding was ineffective." Id. at 1320. Martinez effected a change in the Supreme Court's habeas corpus jurisprudence, which previously had not recognized a claim for ineffective assistance of counsel at the post-trial stage that would excuse procedural default of a petitioner's claim. Recognizing this, in Cox the Court of Appeals provided guidance for district courts considering Martinez based Rule 60(b) motions in habeas cases and remanded the petitioner's Rule 60(b) motion to the district court for reconsideration in light of that guidance. Cox, 757 F.3d at 124.
In Cox, the Court of Appeals made clear "at the outset that one of the critical factors in the equitable and case-dependent nature of the 60(b)(6) analysis... is whether the 60(b)(6) motion was brought within a reasonable time of the Martinez decision." Cox, 757 F.3d at 115-16. The panel did not provide a specific time frame that it deemed reasonable, stating only that the petitioner's motion, which was filed 90 days after the Martinez decision, "[wa]s close enough to that decision to be deemed reasonable." Id. at 116. However, the panel warned that "unless a petitioner's motion for 60(b)(6) relief based on Martinez was brought within a reasonable time of that decision, the motion will fail." Id.
The Supreme Court filed its opinion in Martinez on March 20, 2012. Petitioner filed the instant Rule 60 motion on May 5, 2015, more than three years after Martinez was decided and any possible exception to the rule barring procedurally defaulted claims created. Moroever, Petitioner also relies on Cox to support his claim for relief. His reliance thereon is misplaced because Cox simply provides courts with guidance to analyze Martinez claims.
Petitioner also argues that he is entitled to relief because he is actually innocent and the requested relief is warranted pursuant to McQuiggin. In McQuiggin the Supreme Court held that "actual innocent, if proved, serves as a gateway through which a petitioner may pass whether the impediment is a procedural bars, as it was in Schlup and House, or, as in this case, expiration of the statute of limitations." McQuiggin, 133 S.Ct. at 1928. The petitioner must persuade "the district court that, in light of new evidence, no juror, acting reasonably, would have voted to find him guilty beyond a reasonable doubt." Id. (quoting Schlup 115 S.Ct. at 866). However, the Supreme Court issued its decision in McQuiggin on May 28, 2013. The instant motion was filed almost two years later.
Finally, despite his arguments to the contrary Petitioner fails to present "extraordinary circumstances" which justify his delay in filing. See Zahl v. Harper, 403 F.Appx. 729, 733-734 (3d Cir. 2010). Therefore, this court is compelled to conclude that Petitioner's motion was not timely filed. A certificate of appealability shall issue only if a petitioner establishes "that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling." Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484, 120 S.Ct. 1595 (2000). The court concludes that Petitioner has not made such a showing with respect to his motion. Therefore, a certificate of appealability will not issue.
An appropriate Order follows.