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Dolan v. Lowe

United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania

April 27, 2015

VINCENT PAUL DOLAN, Plaintiff,
v.
CRAIG LOWE, et al., Defendants.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

ROBERT D. MARIANI, District Judge.

On July 25, 2014, Plaintiff, Vincent Paul Dolan, an inmate formerly confined at the Pike County Correctional Facility, in Lords Valley, Pennsylvania, filed a pro se civil rights complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Doc. 1). The complaint alleges that, while incarcerated at the Pike County Correctional Facility, Plaintiff was denied freedom to practice his choice of religion and that he was subjected to cruel and unusual punishment. (Id. ). The named Defendants are Craig Lowe, Warden at the Pike County Correctional Facility; Robert McLaughlin, Assistant Warden at the Pike County Correctional Facility; Erica Zaleck, Correctional Counselor; Terry Mooney, Correctional Counselor; and Sergeant Frawley. (Id. ).

Presently pending before the Court are Plaintiffs motion to appoint counsel and motion to be transferred out of the Pike County Correctional Facility. (Docs. 17, 23). For the reasons set forth below, the motions will be denied.

I. MOTION TO APPOINT COUNSEL

Although prisoners have no constitutional or statutory right to appointment of counsel in a civil case, the Court has discretion "to request an attorney to represent any person unable to afford counsel." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1); Parham v. Johnson, 126 F.3d 454, 456-57 (3d Cir. 1997); Montgomery v. Pinchak, 294 F.3d 492, 499 (3d Cir. 2002); Tabron v. Grace, 6 F.3d 147, 153 (3d Cir. 1993). The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has stated that the appointment of counsel for an indigent litigant should be made when circumstances indicate "the likelihood of substantial prejudice to him resulting, for example, from his probable inability without such assistance to present the facts and legal issues to the court in a complex but arguably meritorious case." Smith-Bey v. Petsock, 741 F.2d 22, 26 (3d Cir. 1984).

The initial determination to be made by the Court in evaluating the expenditure of the "precious commodity" of volunteer counsel is whether the case has some arguable merit in fact or law. Montgomery, 294 F.3d at 499. If a plaintiff overcomes this threshold hurdle, other factors to be examined are:

(1) the plaintiffs ability to present his or her own case;
(2) the difficulty of the particular legal issues;
(3) the degree to which factual investigation will be necessary and the ability of the plaintiff to pursue investigation;
(4) the plaintiffs capacity to retain counsel on his or her own behalf;
(5) the extent to which the case is likely to turn on credibility determinations; and
(6) whether the case will require testimony from expert witnesses.

Id. (citing Tabron, 6 F.3d at 155-57). The Third Circuit Court of Appeals added two other factors to be taken into consideration: (1) the court's willingness to aid the indigent party in presenting his or her own case; and (2) the available supply of lawyers willing to accept section 1915(e) requests within the relevant geographic area. See Gordon v. Gonzalez, 232 Fed.Appx. 153 (3d Cir. 2007).

Assuming arguendo that the complaint has merit, Plaintiff fails to establish any circumstances warranting the appointment of counsel. See Tabron, 6 F.3d at 155-56. Plaintiff bases his motion on the alleged complexity of the case, conflicting testimony in the case (in the event of trial), his inability to investigate the facts, limited education, and inability to pay for an attorney. (Doc. 23). However, upon review, the legal issues herein are relatively simple and may not require expert testimony. Despite his incarceration, investigation of the facts is not beyond Plaintiffs capabilities and he is familiar ...


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