United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania
SYLVIA H. RAMBO, District Judge.
Petitioner Michael Rinaldi ("Rinaldi"), an inmate presently confined at the Federal Correctional Complex at Allenwood ("FCC-Allenwood") in White Deer, Pennsylvania, commenced this action on July 22, 2013, by filing a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. (Doc. 1.) In the petition, Rinaldi challenges his 1999 convictions and sentence in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. For the reasons set forth below, the instant petition will be denied.
On June 18, 1999, Rinaldi was convicted of conspiracy to distribute narcotics, use of a firearm in relation to drug trafficking, and possession of a firearm after having been convicted of a felony. (Doc. 5 at pp. 1-2.) On November 3, 1999, the Honorable Edwin M. Kosik of the Middle District Court sentenced him to concurrent terms of incarceration of 188 months on each of the drug charges and a concurrent term of incarceration of 120 months on the firearm possession charges, to be followed by a 60-month consecutive term of incarceration on the use of firearm in relation to drug trafficking charge. ( Id. at p. 2.) The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit upheld Rinaldi's convictions and sentence, and the United States Supreme Court denied his petition for writ of certiorari. ( Id. )
On May 11, 2001, Rinaldi filed a motion to vacate, set aside or correct his sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. ( Id. at 3-4.) In his petition, Rinaldi raised grounds of insufficient evidence and ineffective assistance of counsel. ( Id. ) His petition was denied. ( Id. at 4.) A subsequent motion to reconsider was also denied by the court. ( Id. ) In addition, the Third Circuit denied his certificate of appealability. ( Id. at 5.) Following this denial, Rinaldi filed with the district court a motion for relief from judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b). ( Id. ) The district court denied the motion, and the Third Circuit denied his subsequent certificate of appealability. ( Id. at 6-7.)
On June 15, 2004, Rinaldi filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 that was denied by this court without prejudice to any right Rinaldi may have had to move the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider a successive § 2255 motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). See Rinaldi v. Nash, Civ. No. 1:CV-04-1287 (M.D. Pa. Jan. 13, 2005). In that petition, Rinaldi asserted challenges to the sufficiency of evidence at trial, the jury instructions, and his sentencing. See id. Following the denial of the petition, on February 14, 2005, Rinaldi sought an order from the Third Circuit Court authorizing the district court to consider a second or successive § 2255 petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). ( See Doc. 5 at p. 6 n.2.) The Third Circuit Court denied the application. In re. Rinaldi, Civ. No. 05-1457 (3d Cir. June 23, 2005).
On April 10, 2008, Rinaldi filed an additional petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, wherein he claimed that he is "actually innocent" of the charge of conspiracy to distribute narcotics upon which he was convicted, but did not provide any explanation for his failure to raise this claim in his previous § 2255 petition. Rinaldi v. Sniezek, Civ. No. 1:CV-08-0679 (M.D. Pa.). The court dismissed the petition without prejudice to any right Rinaldi may have had to move the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider a second or successive § 2255 motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255(b). ( See id .) The court also denied a later motion for reconsideration. ( See id .)
Rinaldi thereafter appealed this court's dismissal of the petition to the Third Circuit. See Rinaldi v. Sniezek, 302 F.Appx. 125 (3d Cir. 2008). In a per curiam opinion affirming this court's decision, the Third Circuit held as follows:
We agree with the District Court that Rinaldi has not demonstrated such a limitation in § 2255's scope or procedure here. While he claims that he has presented newly discovered evidence that demonstrates his innocence, this evidence solely consists of trial transcripts and witness affidavits. Of course, the testimony was available at trial. In addition, Rinaldi does not argue, and there is no indication, that the information in the affidavits was unavailable at trial. Finally, the District Court properly denied Rinaldi's motion for reconsideration because he did not identify an intervening change in the law that prevented him from raising an actual innocence claim in his first § 2255 motion.
Id. at 127.
On January 19, 2010, Rinaldi filed another petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Rinaldi v. Rios, Civ. No. 1:10-CV-00281 (M.D. Pa.). In that petition, Rinaldi restated the claims previously asserted in his 2008 § 2241 petition, including one of actual innocence, but added further claims relating to the firearms and conspiracy convictions. On May 20, 2010, this court dismissed the petition and later denied a motion for reconsideration. ( See id. )
On March 14, 2013, Rinaldi filed another petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Rinaldi v. Zickefoose, Civ. No. 1:13-CV-00530 (M.D. Pa.) Rinaldi again raised a claim of "actual innocence, " asserting as follows:
My crime did not have an affect [sic] on interstate commerce and should have been tried at the state level. My indictment does not allege an affect on commerce. In order to commit a federal offense an affect on commerce must be alleged and proven. Without an affect on commerce there is no offense committed and my conduct is not criminal.
( Id., Doc. 6 at 7.) He further contended that "21 U.S.C. 841 and 846 do not require the government to allege or prove an affect on interstate commerce, " and that "his purely local conduct was beyond the power of Congress to punish." ( Id. at p. 8.) As a result, he claimed that his "purely local conduct is not a crime and exceeds Congress' power under the Tenth Amendment." ( Id. ) As to his delay in raising this claim, Rinaldi argued that he could not raise it via 28 U.S.C. § 2255 because the claim did not become available until 2011 when the United States Supreme Court decided Bond v. United States, ___ U.S. ___, 131 S.Ct. 2355 (June 16, 2011). As relief, Rinaldi requested that his conviction be vacated and that he be released from custody. ( Rinaldi, Civ. No. 1:13-CV-00530, Doc. 6 at 9.) On May 23, 2013, this ...