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Link v. Colvin

United States District Court, Western District of Pennsylvania

March 24, 2015

SHARI MAE LINK, Plaintiff,


Donetta W. Ambrose United States Senior District Judge

Pending before the court are Cross-Motions for Summary Judgment. (ECF Nos. 15 and 17). Both parties have filed Briefs in Support of their Motions. (ECF Nos. 16, 18 and 19). After careful consideration of the submissions of the parties, and based on my Opinion set forth below, I am denying Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 15) and granting Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment. (ECF No. 17).


Plaintiff brought this action for review of the final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security (“Commissioner”) denying her applications for disability insurance benefits (DIB”) and supplemental security income (“SSI”) pursuant to the Social Security Act (“Act”). Plaintiff filed her applications alleging she had been disabled since December 1, 2007. (ECF No. 5-5, pp. 2, 12). Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”), William J. Bezego, held a hearing on February 7, 2013. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 39-67). On February 22, 2013, the ALJ found that Plaintiff was not disabled under the Act. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 19-32).

After exhausting all administrative remedies, Plaintiff filed the instant action with this court. The parties have filed Cross-Motions for Summary Judgment. (Docket Nos. 11 and 13). The issues are now ripe for review.


A. Standard of Review

The standard of review in social security cases is whether substantial evidence exists in the record to support the Commissioner's decision. Allen v. Bowen, 881 F.2d 37, 39 (3d Cir. 1989). Substantial evidence has been defined as “more than a mere scintilla. It means such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate.” Ventura v. Shalala, 55 F.3d 900, 901 (3d Cir. 1995), quoting Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971). Additionally, the Commissioner's findings of fact, if supported by substantial evidence, are conclusive. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g); Dobrowolsky v. Califano, 606 F.2d 403, 406 (3d Cir. 1979). A district court cannot conduct a de novo review of the Commissioner's decision or re-weigh the evidence of record. Palmer v. Apfel, 995 F.Supp. 549, 552 (E.D. Pa. 1998). Where the ALJ's findings of fact are supported by substantial evidence, a court is bound by those findings, even if the court would have decided the factual inquiry differently. Hartranft v. Apfel, 181 F.3d 358, 360 (3d Cir. 1999). To determine whether a finding is supported by substantial evidence, however, the district court must review the record as a whole. See, 5 U.S.C. § 706.

To be eligible for social security benefits, the plaintiff must demonstrate that he cannot engage in substantial gainful activity because of a medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of at least 12 months. 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A); Brewster v. Heckler, 786 F.2d 581, 583 (3d Cir. 1986).

The Commissioner has provided the ALJ with a five-step sequential analysis to use when evaluating the disabled status of each claimant. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a). The ALJ must determine: (1) whether the claimant is currently engaged in substantial gainful activity; (2) if not, whether the claimant has a severe impairment; (3) if the claimant has a severe impairment, whether it meets or equals the criteria listed in 20 C.F.R., pt. 404, subpt. P., appx. 1; (4) if the impairment does not satisfy one of the impairment listings, whether the claimant's impairments prevent him from performing his past relevant work; and (5) if the claimant is incapable of performing his past relevant work, whether he can perform any other work which exists in the national economy, in light of his age, education, work experience and residual functional capacity. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520. The claimant carries the initial burden of demonstrating by medical evidence that he is unable to return to his previous employment (steps 1-4). Dobrowolsky, 606 F.2d at 406. Once the claimant meets this burden, the burden of proof shifts to the Commissioner to show that the claimant can engage in alternative substantial gainful activity (step 5). Id.

A district court, after reviewing the entire record may affirm, modify, or reverse the decision with or without remand to the Commissioner for rehearing. Podedworny v. Harris, 745 F.2d 210, 221 (3d Cir. 1984).

B. Opinion of Treating Physician

Plaintiff first argues that the ALJ erred in failing to give “substantial weight” to the opinions of her treating psychiatrist, Dr. Randon Simmons, M.D. (ECF No. 16, pp. 11-14; No. 19, pp. 11-17). The amount of weight accorded to medical opinions is well-established. Generally, the ALJ will give more weight to the opinion of a source who has examined the claimant than to a non-examining source. 20 C.F.R. § 416.927(c)(1). In addition, the ALJ generally will give more weight to opinions from a treating physician, “since these sources are likely to be the medical professionals most able to provide a detailed, longitudinal picture of [a claimant’s] medical impairment(s) and may bring a unique perspective to the medical evidence that cannot be obtained from the objective medical findings alone or from reports of individual examinations, such as consultative examinations or brief hospitalizations.” Id. § 416.927(c)(2). If the ALJ finds that “a treating source’s opinion on the issue(s) of the nature and severity of [a claimant’s] impairment(s) is well-supported by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques and is not inconsistent with the other substantial evidence [of] record, ” he must give that opinion controlling weight. Id. Also, “the more consistent an opinion is with the record as a whole, the more weight [the ALJ generally] will give to that opinion.” Id. § 416.927(c)(4). In the event of conflicting medical evidence, the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has explained:

“A cardinal principle guiding disability determinations is that the ALJ accord treating physicians’ reports great weight, especially ‘when their opinions reflect expert judgment based on continuing observation of the patient’s condition over a prolonged period of time.’” Morales v. Apfel, 225 F.3d 310, 317 (3d Cir. 2000) (quoting Plummer v. Apfel, 186 F.3d 422, 429 (3d Cir. 1999)). However, “where . . . the opinion of a treating physician conflicts with that of a non-treating, non-examining physician, the ALJ may choose whom to credit” and may reject the treating physician’s assessment if such rejection is based on contradictory medical evidence. Id. Similarly, under 20 C.F.R. § 416.927(d)(2), the opinion of a treating physician is to be given controlling weight only when it is well-supported by medical evidence and is consistent with other evidence in the record.

Becker v. Comm’r of Social Sec. Admin., No. 10-2517, 2010 WL 5078238, at *5 (3d Cir. Dec. 14, 2010). Although the ALJ may choose whom to credit when faced with a conflict, he “cannot reject evidence for no reason or for the wrong reason.” Diaz v. Comm’r of Soc. Security, 577 F.3d 500, 505 (3d Cir. 2009).

In this case, Plaintiff first seems to argue that the ALJ improperly disregarded the opinions of Dr. Simmons that Plaintiff was disabled for approximately 22 months. (ECF No. 16, pp. 11-14; No. 19, pp. 1-17). Along that same rationale, Plaintiff argues that the ALJ “improperly misinterpreted the notes from Dr. Simmons medication checks with Plaintiff, ” because at no time did Dr. Simmons “indicate that Plaintiff would be able to perform substantial gainful activity.” (ECF No. 16, p. 14). A treating physician's assertion that a plaintiff is “disabled” or “unable to work, ” is not dispositive of the issue. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527, 416.927. As Plaintiff agrees, such ultimate questions of disability are reserved solely for the ALJ. Id; (ECF No. 19, p. 14). Thus, the ALJ was not required to give such opinion substantial weight.

Next, Plaintiff seems to argue that the ALJ erred in failing to give Dr. Simmons’ opinions substantial weight simply because Dr. Simmons was Plaintiff’s treating physician and Dr. Simmons “knew Plaintiff best.” (ECF No. 16, p. 13; No. 19, p. 13). While the treating physician’s rule exists, as set forth above, when there is conflicting medical opinions, the ALJ may choose whom to credit. Becker, 2010 WL 5078238 at *5; Diaz, 577 F.3d at 505. In this case, there are conflicting psychological opinions. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 28-30). Consequently, there is no merit to this argument.

Finally, Plaintiff argues that the ALJ did not provide adequate reasons for giving Dr. Simmons’ opinions little weight. After a review of the record, I find the reasons given by the ALJ in weighing the opinions of Dr. Simmons to be appropriate (internal inconsistency, inconsistent with other medical evidence, undermined by Plaintiff’s daily activities and the assessments were conclusory with no findings to support the same), sufficiently explained and supported by substantial evidence of record. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 19-32); 20 C.F.R. §§ 416.927, 404.1527 (discussing the evaluation of medical opinions). Therefore, I find no error in this regard on the part of the ALJ. Consequently, remand is not warranted on this basis.

C. Residual Functional Capacity (“RFC”)[1]

Plaintiff also argues that the ALJ improperly determined her RFC. (ECF No. 16, pp. 14-18; No. 19, pp. 17-21). In support thereof, Plaintiff first argues that there is substantial evidence to support that she is not able to physically or mentally do the work set forth in the ALJ’s RFC finding.[2] Id. The standard is not whether there is evidence to establish Plaintiff’s position but, rather, is whether there is substantial evidence to support the ALJ’s finding. Allen v. Bowen, 881 F.2d 37, 39 (3d Cir. 1989). Thus, this support for Plaintiff’s argument is misplaced.

Plaintiff specifically suggests, in a sentence, that the ALJ erred when he stated that Plaintiff “consistently manifested an unremarkable gait” when Plaintiff’s primary care physician noted that she had an antalgic gait on June 26, 2012. (ECF No. 16, p. 16). It is true that on June 26, 2012, Dr. Thompson indicated that Plaintiff walked with an antalgic gait. (ECF No. 5-16, p. 8). On every other occasion when Plaintiff’s gait was assessed from February 4, 2008 through October 31, 2012, however, Plaintiff was noted as having a normal or nonantalgic gate. (ECF No. 5-2, p. 27). The ALJ indicated the same and I find the ALJ’s statement that Plaintiff “consistently manifested an unremarkable gait” to be supported by substantial evidence of record. Id. Consequently, I find no error in this regard.

Plaintiff also suggests that the ALJ mischaracterized her knee condition when he indicated that the right knee diagnostic arthroscopy “showed only the presence of a right knee plica, a form of inflammation.” (ECF No. 16, p. 16). Plaintiff suggests that this is misleading because the doctor did not indicate that her “sole problem with her right knee was some inflammation.” Id. at pp. 16-17. After a review of the record, I disagree that the ALJ mischacterized the evidence. In fact, during the diagnostic arthroscopy, the doctor basically indicated everything was normal except “there was small plica up in the superolateral region of the suprapatellar pouch that was a little erythematous” which was “excised with an arthroscopic shaver….” (ECF No. 5-12, p. 3). Based on the same, I do not find the ALJ mischaracterized the evidence in this regard.

Additionally, Plaintiff argues that the ALJ erred in failing to give great weight to her testimony regarding her inability to sit or stand on a continuous basis. (ECF No. 16, p. 17). In evaluating whether a plaintiff’s statements are credible, the ALJ will consider evidence from treating, examining and consulting physicians, observations from agency employees, and other factors such as the claimant's daily activities, descriptions of the pain, precipitating and aggravating factors, type, dosage, effectiveness, and side effects of medications, treatment other than medication, and other measures used to relieve the pain. 20 C.F.R. §§ 416.929(c), 404.1529(c); SSR 96-7p. The ALJ will also look at inconsistencies between the claimant's statements and the evidence presented. Id. I must defer to the ALJ's credibility determinations, unless they are not supported by substantial evidence. Smith v. Califano, 637 F.2d 968, 972 (3d Cir. 1981); Baerga v. Richardson, 500 F.2d 309, 312 (3d Cir. 1974), cert. denied, 420 U.S. 931 (1975). After my own review of the record, I find that the ALJ followed the proper method to determine the Plaintiff’s credibility. As laid out in his decision, the ALJ considered the factors set forth above. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 26-28). For example, while assessing Plaintiff's credibility, the ALJ compared the medical evidence to her complaints and found them to be contradictory. Id. The ALJ also discussed the fact that Plaintiff's complaints were contradicted by her daily activities. Id. Thus, I find the ALJ properly evaluated Plaintiff's credibility as required by 20 C.F.R. § 404.1529 and SSR 96-7p and, based on the entire record as a whole, I find there is substantial evidence to support the ALJ's decision to find Plaintiff not entirely credible. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 19-32). Therefore, I find no error in this regard.

Finally, I have reviewed the record and based on the same, I find there is substantial evidence of record to support the ALJ’s RFC determination. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 19-32).

Consequently, remand is not warranted on this basis.

D. Vocational Expert

Plaintiff finally submits that the ALJ erred by improperly disregarding vocational expert testimony and by relying on an incomplete hypothetical question. (ECF No. 16, pp. 18-19; No. 19, pp. 21-22). I disagree. An ALJ is required to accept only that testimony from the vocational expert which accurately reflects a plaintiff’s impairments. See, Podedworny v. Harris, 745 F.2d 210 (3d Cir. 1984); Chrupcala v. Heckler, 829 F.2d 1269, 1276 (3d Cir. 1987). Based on my review of the record, there is substantial evidence that the ALJ’s hypothetical questions accurately reflected Plaintiff’s impairments. (ECF No. 5-2, pp. 19-32). Consequently, I find no error in this regard.

An appropriate order shall follow.


THEREFORE, this 24th day of March, 2015, it is ordered that Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment (Docket No. 15) is denied and Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment (Docket No. 17) is granted.

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