United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania
March 23, 2015
STEVEN M. CARR, Trustee, Plaintiff,
ALAN D. LOESER and PATRICIA M. BRITTON, Defendants.
CHRISTOPHER C. CONNER, Chief District Judge.
AND NOW, this 23rd day of March, 2015, upon consideration of the report (Doc. 1) of Chief Bankruptcy Judge Mary D. France, rendered following a bench trial and in accordance with the United States Supreme Court's recent decision in Executive Benefits Insurance Agency v. Arkinson, ___ U.S. ___, 134 S.Ct. 2165 (2014),  wherein Judge France recommends the court enter judgment in favor of Alan D. Loeser and Patricia M. Britton ("defendants") and against Steven M. Carr, trustee of the bankruptcy estate of International Auction and Appraisal Services, LLC ("IAAS"), as to the trustee's fraudulent transfer claims based upon actual fraud in Counts I and III of the adversary complaint, and also as to the trustee's fraudulent transfer claims based upon constructive fraud in Counts II and IV of the adversary complaint, and specifically finds that the trustee failed to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that defendants made any pre-petition transfer of IAAS's assets "with actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud" creditors for purposes of avoidance under 11 U.S.C. § 548(a)(1)(A) and 12 PA. CONS. STAT. § 5104(a)(1),  and failed to prove that IAAS was insolvent at the time of the pre-petition transfers for purposes of avoidance under 11 U.S.C. 548(a)(1)(B) and 12 PA. CONS. STAT. § 5105,  and, following an independent review of the record and the parties' arguments, the court concurring with Judge France that the trustee's proof establishes neither actual nor constructive fraud, and noting that the trustee filed an objection (Doc. 1-3) to the report, see 11 U.S.C. § 157(c)(1) (providing that the district court reviews " de novo those matters to which any party has timely and specifically objected"), and the court finding the trustee's objection to be without merit and squarely addressed by Judge France's report, it is hereby ORDERED that:
1. The report (Doc. 1) of Chief Bankruptcy Judge Mary D. France is ADOPTED in its entirety.
2. Judgment is ENTERED in favor of defendants Alan D. Loeser and Patricia M. Britton and against plaintiff Steven M. Carr, as the trustee of the bankruptcy estate of International Auction and Appraisal Services, LLC.
3. The Clerk of Court shall close this case.