United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania
March 9, 2015
HOWARD O. KIEFFER, Petitioner,
WARDEN JUAN BALTAZAR, Respondent.
JOHN E. JONES, III, District Judge.
Howard O. Kieffer, formerly an inmate confined in the Allenwood Low Security United States Penitentiary in White Deer, Pennsylvania,  filed this pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. (Doc. 1). Kieffer argues that the Bureau of Prisons ("BOP") has erred in calculating his federal sentence. Id. He therefore requests that this Court order his immediate release from custody. Id. The petition is ripe for disposition and, for the reasons set forth below, will be dismissed.
In 2008, Kieffer was convicted in the United States District Court for the District of North Dakota for mail fraud and making false statement "arising from his conduct of posing as a licensed criminal defense attorney." United States v. Kieffer, No. 13-1371, 2014 WL 7238565, at *1 (10th Cir. Dec. 22, 2014). Kieffer was sentenced to fifty-one months of imprisonment (the "North Dakota sentence"). Id. In 2009, Kieffer was convicted in the United States District Court for the District of Colorado (the "Sentencing Court") for wire fraud, making false statements, and contempt of court. Id. On August 16, 2010, the Sentencing Court sentenced Kieffer to fifty-seven months imprisonment, to be served consecutive to his previous North Dakota sentence. Id.
Kieffer appealed his conviction and sentence to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. Id. at *2. The Tenth Circuit affirmed the conviction, but vacated Kieffer's sentence and remanded for resentencing pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5G1.3(b). Id. On August 22, 2013, the Sentencing Court conducted a resentencing hearing. Id. At that hearing, the Sentencing Court ruled that Kieffer
is hereby committed to the custody of the Bureau of Prisons to be imprisoned for a term of 99 months on Counts 1 and 2. The terms of imprisonment in this case are to be served concurrently to one another and also concurrent to the 51 months of imprisonment that was imposed upon and served by defendant in [connection to his North Dakota sentence].
Just to make it clear, it is the Court's intent that the defendant be incarcerated for a term of 48 months for the criminal conduct he was convicted of in Counts 1 and 2 in this case. So that's 99 months less or adjusted by the 51 months that he served in North Dakota for a total of 48 months.
Id. at *2-3.
In its written Order issued September 3, 2013, the Sentencing Court stated that Kieffer's ninety-nine month sentence was to be adjusted by subtracting fifty-one months based on time already served, for a total forty-eight month sentence to be served concurrent with the North Dakota sentence. Id. at *3. After noticing that this Order unintentionally resulted in Kieffer serving only an additional eight month sentence, rather than the intended forty-eight months, on September 5, 2013, the Sentencing Court issued a Second Amended Judgment in an attempt to correct the error. Id. Thereafter, the Sentencing Court issued two further Amended Judgments on March 26, 2014 and April 4, 2014 in further attempts to correctly impose the intended sentence. Id. at *4-5.
On May 19, 2014, Kieffer filed a motion with the Tenth Circuit to vacate the Sentencing Court's Amended Judgments. (Doc. 10, Ex. 6). On August 7, 2014, while his appeal was pending with the Tenth Circuit, Kieffer filed this petition for writ of habeas corpus, arguing that the BOP was improperly implementing his sentence. (Doc. 1).
On December 22, 2014, the Tenth Circuit granted Kieffer's motion, finding that the Sentencing Court did not have authority to enter the Amended Judgments. Kieffer, 2014 WL 7238565, at *7. Consequently, the Tenth Circuit vacated the Sentencing Court's Amended Judgments, and remanded with instructions for "the district court to enter a new and final judgment[.]" Id. at *8. As a result, on February 20, 2015, the Sentencing Court imposed a new and final judgment, sentencing Kieffer to eighty-eight months imprisonment, to run concurrent with the North Dakota sentence. (Doc. 22, Ex. 2).
A challenge to the execution of a federal prisoner's sentence by the Bureau of Prisons may properly be raised in a petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Burkey v. Marberry, 556 F.3d 142, 146 (3d Cir. 2009) (citing Woodall v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons, 432 F.3d 235, 241-42 (3d Cir. 2005); Coady v. Vaughn, 251 F.3d 480, 485 (3d Cir. 2001)). However, where a prisoner challenges the validity of the sentence rather than its execution, such a challenge is properly brought under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Coady, 251 F.3d at 485.
Here, the Sentencing Court has sentenced Kieffer to imprisonment for eighty-eight months. (Doc. 22, Ex. 2). This sentence effectively commenced on August 16, 2010, the date of Kieffer's initial sentencing. See, Blood v. Bledsoe, 648 F.3d 203, 208-09 (3d Cir. 2011). This means that, excluding good conduct time, Kieffer's sentence will end on December 16, 2017. Despite the plain terms of this sentence, Kieffer claims the BOP is misinterpreting the sentence. (Doc. 2).
While Kieffer argues he is challenging the BOP's implementation of his sentence, a thorough reading of Kieffer's petition and accompanying memoranda makes clear that he is in fact challenging the validity of the Sentencing Court's Amended Judgment, not its execution. In that vein, the oral sentence given by the Sentencing Court was superseded by the subsequent Amended Judgments. It is these Amended Judgments that the BOP has implemented. Kieffer argues that these judgments are invalid, and the BOP should therefore implement the oral judgment rendered on August 22, 2013.
This leaves little doubt that Kieffer does not challenge the implementation of his sentence, but instead challenges the validity and legality of Sentencing Court's Amended Judgments. Despite the language employed in Kieffer's memoranda, "the substance and not the form of the requested relief is ultimately controlling[.]" Boyce v. Dembe, 47 F.Appx. 155, 160 (3d Cir. 2002) (quoting Centifanti v. Nix, 865 F.2d 1422, 1429 n. 8 (3d Cir. 1989)). Essentially, Kieffer requests that this Court declare the Sentencing Court's final judgment void, and supersede that sentence with this Court's interpretation of the Sentencing Court's oral pronouncements. This Court does not have jurisdiction to entertain such a request.
Because Kieffer challenges the validity of his sentence, not its execution, his proper remedy lies in a Section 2255 petition with the sentencing court. See, 28 U.S.C. § 2255(a). "[U]nder the explicit terms of 28 U.S.C. § 2255, unless a § 2255 motion would be inadequate or ineffective, ' a habeas corpus petition under § 2241 cannot be entertained by the court." Cradle v. U.S. ex rel. Miner, 290 F.3d 536, 538 (3d Cir. 2002). "A § 2255 motion is inadequate or ineffective only where the petitioner demonstrates that some limitation of scope or procedure would prevent a § 2255 proceeding from affording him a full hearing and adjudication of his wrongful detention claim." Id.
Kieffer admits that direct review of the Sentencing Court's final sentencing order is ongoing, and therefore he has not yet exhausted direct appeals. (Doc. 22, p. 12). As direct appeals have not yet concluded, Kieffer clearly has not filed a Section 2255 motion with the sentencing court. Nor has Kieffer made any argument that a Section 2255 motion would be inadequate or ineffective, and thorough reading of Kieffer's memoranda reveals no basis to reach such a conclusion. Consequently, this Court does not have jurisdiction to consider Kieffer's habeas petition, and must dismiss the petition without prejudice.
Finally, even assuming that this Court could adjudicate Kieffer's 2241 petition, he would not be entitled to the relief he seeks. Kieffer requests that this Court recognize the August 22, 2013 oral judgment as his final, valid sentence and order the BOP to implement that sentence. (Docs. 1, 2, 18, 22). If that sentence were implemented, Kieffer argues, he would be subject to immediate release from custody. Id. However, the oral judgment of the Sentencing Court was quite clear:
it is the judgment of the Court that the defendant, Howard O. Kieffer, is hereby committed to the custody of the Bureau of Prisons to be imprisoned for a term of 99 months on Counts 1 and 2. The terms of imprisonment in this case are to be served concurrently to one another and also concurrent to the 51 months of imprisonment that was imposed [by the North Dakota sentence].
(Doc. 3, Ex. B, p. 126).
Thus, the Sentencing Court effectively impose a forty-eight month sentence beginning on August 22, 2013, not accounting for good conduct time and time that Kieffer had spent in custody after completing his North Dakota sentence. See (doc. 3, Ex. B, p. 94). The Sentencing Court's oral sentence therefore would have resulted in a release date of April 30, 2017, not including any credit received for good conduct time earned while serving his sentence. Consequently, even under the Sentencing Court's oral sentencing, Kieffer would not be entitled to immediate release as he argues.
A review of the record reveals that this Court does not have jurisdiction to consider Kieffer's petition for writ of habeas corpus. Consequently, his petition will be dismissed without prejudice.
An appropriate Order will be entered.