United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania
DINA JACKSON, Plaintiff.
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
JOSEPH F. SAPORITO, Jr., Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff Dina Jackson filed this action seeking review of the denial of Social Security Disability Benefits, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), on September 30, 2014. Plaintiff is proceeding pro se. Plaintiff also filed a motion to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2), which was granted by Order of October 2, 2014. (Doc. 5).
On January 26, 2015, the Court entered an Order which, inter alia, directed Plaintiff to file a brief in support of her complaint on or by February 9, 2015. Said Order further stated that Plaintiff's failure to timely file her brief in support of her complaint may result in the issuance of a report and recommendation that her action be dismissed for failure to prosecute. (Doc. 13).
The time in which Plaintiff was to have filed her brief in support of her complaint has expired. The Court, sua sponte, gave the pro se Plaintiff an additional sixteen (16) days to file her brief in support of her complaint. The Plaintiff has neither filed her support brief nor requested an extension of time in which to do so. In fact, the Court has received no filings from the Plaintiff since she filed this action on September 30, 2014.
As stated, Plaintiff was afforded additional time, until February 9, 2015, to file her brief in support of her Complaint. (Doc. 13). Additionally, as stated, we warned Plaintiff that her failure to comply with the January 26, 2015, Order may result in a recommendation of dismissal of her case. (Doc. 13).
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) allows for the dismissal of an action for "failure of the plaintiff to prosecute or comply with these rules or order of court, ..." (emphasis added). In the instant case, Plaintiff has failed to both prosecute her action and to comply with the Order of this Court by her failure to timely file her brief in support of her complaint. We shall recommend that this case be dismissed due to Plaintiff's failure to prosecute it and due to her failure to comply with this Court's Order. Plaintiff should be deemed as abandoning her action. See McCray v. Dauphin Co. Prison, 2007 WL 431886 (M.D. Pa); Nelson v. Berbanier, 2006 WL 2853968 (M.D. Pa.).
Since we find that Plaintiff's conduct clearly shows that she intended to abandon her case, we do not find that an analysis of the factors of Poulis v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., 747 F.3d 863, 868 (3d Cir. 1984), is required before recommending that this case be dismissed under Rule 41(b). See Spain v. Gallegos, 26 F.3d 439, 454-55 (3d Cir. 1994); Guyer v. Beard, 907 F.2d 1424 (3d Cir. 1990)(the district court's requirement to perform an analysis under Poulis is obviated where Plaintiff's conduct is so egregious as to demonstrate an abandonment of his case).
Our Plaintiff has taken no action with respect to her case since she filed her complaint and in forma pauperis Motion on September 30, 2014, more than five (5) months ago. The behavior of Plaintiff constitutes a wilful failure to prosecute her case, as opposed to a situation in which she has had problems in pursuing her case but made efforts to comply with this Court's January 26, 2015 Order. We find that Plaintiff's "behavior has been so egregious as to make self-evident the factual findings and analysis [of the Poulis factors]." Williams v. Kort, 223 Fed.Appx. 95, 103 (3d Cir. 2007). The consequences if Plaintiff failed to prosecute her case were clearly stated in the Court's January 26, 2015 Order, namely, we will recommend that her case be dismissed. (Doc. 13). See Leininger v. Twoton, Inc., 2009 WL 1363386 (M.D. Pa.).
In Jackson v. Johnson, 2006 WL 2136218, *1 (M.D. Pa.), the Court stated that "Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b) allows for the dismissal of an action where the Plaintiff fails to prosecute or fails to comply with rules or orders of the court."
The Jackson Court also stated:
the factors set forth in Poulis v. State Farm Fire & Casualty Co., 747 F.2d 863, 868 (3d Cir.1984) [are analyzed] to determine whether dismissal of the action is appropriate in this case. The Poulis factors the Court should consider are: (1) the extent of the party's personal responsibility; (2) the prejudice to the adversary caused by the failure to meet scheduling orders and respond to discovery; (3) a history of dilatoriness; (4) whether the conduct of the party or the attorney was willful or in bad faith; (5) the effectiveness of sanctions other than dismissal, which entails an analysis of alternative sanctions; and (6) the meritoriousness of the claim or defense. Poulis, 747 F.2d at 868.
We agree with the Magistrate Judge's determination that the Plaintiff's dilatoriness outweighs any of the other considerations set forth in Poulis, and that Plaintiff's failure to comply with the Order of May 30, 2006 indicates that the Plaintiff has ...