United States District Court, E.D. Pennsylvania
February 13, 2015
MARK A. KEARNEY, District Judge.
AND NOW, this 13th day of February 2015, upon consideration of Defendant's Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Subject Matter Jurisdiction (ECF Doc. No. 8) and Plaintiff's Response (ECF Doc. No.16), it is hereby ORDERED that Defendant's Motion is DENIED.
An employee may waive his or her rights to pursue a federal statutory claim in federal court through a union-negotiated CBA. For such waiver to be valid, the "agreement to arbitrate statutory antidiscrimination claims [must] be explicitly stated' in the collective-bargaining agreement." Harrell v. Kellogg Co., 892 F.Sudpp.2d 716, 720 (E.D. Pa. 2012) at 720 (quoting 14 Penn Plaza v. Pyett, 556 U.S. 247, 258 (2009) and Wright v. Universal Maritime Serivce Corp., 525 U.S. 70, 80 (1998)).
Defendant cites two provisions of the CBA in support of its argument that the CBA requires Plaintiff to arbitrate his claims. The first provision is a general clause, contained in Article IV, which prohibits "discriminat[ion] against or in favor of any employee on account of race..." The second is a general arbitration provision, in Article XIV directing that "any grievance which may arise between the parties concerning the application, meaning or interpretation of this Agreement, shall be resolved" in accordance with a multi-step grievance process, which may include arbitration.
The Supreme Court has not expressly defined what constitutes an explicit waiver of the right to pursue statutory discrimination claims in a judicial forum, but a recent opinion in this District provides guidance on what is not sufficient:
Post Wright courts appear to be in agreement that a statute must specifically be mentioned in a CBA for it to even approach Wright's clear and unmistakable' standard.... The teachings of [ Alexander v. ]Gardner-Denver, [415 U.S. 36 (1974)], Matthews [v. Denver Newspaper Agency LLP, 649 F.3d 1199 (10th Cir. 2011), Rogers v. N.Y. Univ., 220 F.3d 73 (2d Cir. 2000), Bratten [v. SSI Servs., Inc., 185 F.3d 625 (6th Cir. 1999)], Carson [v. Giant Food, Inc., 175 F.3d 325 (4th Cir. 1999)], and Quint [v. A.E. Staley Mfg. Co., 172 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 1999)], lead to the clear conclusion that a CBA with a general arbitration provision and an nondiscrimination provision that does not expressly mention the federal antidiscrimination statute under which the employee seeks redress, does not contain an explicit waiver to the employee's right to litigate his/her statutory claims in a judicial forum.
Harrell v. Kellogg Co, 892 F.Supp.2d at 724 (internal citation and quotation marks omitted). Here, Defendant does not contend that the CBA specifically mentions any federal statute. Accordingly, the Court cannot conclude that there was any clear and unmistakable waiver of Plaintiffs right to pursue his claims in this forum.
Defendant shall file an Answer to the complaint no later than February 27, 2015.