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United States v. Shannon

United States District Court, W.D. Pennsylvania

December 15, 2014

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
GATHON DUDLEY SHANNON, Defendant.

ORDER

ALAN N. BLOCH, District Judge.

AND NOW, this 15th day of December, 2014, upon consideration of the Defendant's "Motion to Reconsider Denial of Bond" (Doc. No. 267) filed in the above captioned matter on September 30, 2014, and the Government's Response thereto (Doc. No. 268), filed on October 20, 2014,

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that said Motion is DENIED.

On October 17, 2011, upon the Government's appeal of the United States Magistrate Judge's Order of Release as to Defendant Gathon Dudley Shannon and his two co-defendants, Adrian Taylor and Vincent Middlebrooks, this Court held a hearing to determine whether to detain these individuals pending trial pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3142. After considering the transcript of the proceedings held before Magistrate Judge Maureen P. Kelly on October 4, 2011, the Pretrial Services reports, and the evidence presented at the hearing, the Court ordered all three defendants to be detained pending trial. On December 12, 2011, Defendant Shannon filed a motion to reconsider the Court's denial of bond based on new evidence. The Court denied this motion on December 19, 2011.

Co-defendants Taylor and Middlebrooks both ultimately changed their pleas to guilty. Defendant Shannon, however, proceeded to trial. On December 11, 2012, he was convicted at Count One of the superseding indictment, charging him with conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846. The jury found that the amount of cocaine involved in the conspiracy was less than 500 grams. Defendant was acquitted at Count Two, which charged him with distributing and possessing with intent to distribute 5 kilograms or more of cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1) and (b)(1)(A)(ii). On April 22, 2013, Defendant was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 240 months and a term of supervised release of 6 years. However, on September 8, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit vacated Defendant's conviction at Count One and remanded for a new trial. Defendant has now asked the Court to reconsider its Order of detention in light of the Third Circuit's reversal of his conviction. While the Court will reconsider its Order to the extent that it will discuss its rationale for not changing its original decision, it will deny Defendant's request.

As the Court explained in October of 2011, 18 U.S.C. § 3142 provides that the Court can detain a defendant only if it finds that "no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required and the safety of any other person and the community." 18 U.S.C. §§ 3142(e) and (f); United States v. Traitz, 807 F.2d 322, 324 (3d Cir. 1986). In a case where there is probable cause to believe that the defendant committed certain offenses, including an offense under the Controlled Substances Act for which the maximum term of imprisonment is ten years or more, [1] there is a rebuttable presumption that no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant and the safety of the community. See 18 U.S.C. § 3142(e)(3)(A). The Government bears the burden of establishing by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant poses a risk of flight, see United States v. Himler, 797 F.2d 156, 161 (3d Cir. 1986), and must establish that no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the safety of any other person and the community by clear and convincing evidence. See 18 U.S.C. § 3142(f)(2). In order to rebut the statutory presumption pursuant to Section 3142(e)(3), a defendant must produce some credible evidence forming a basis for his contention that he will appear and will not pose a danger to the community. See United States v. Carbone, 793 F.2d 559, 560 (3d Cir. 1986). However, although the presumption of Section 3142(e)(3) shifts the burden of producing evidence to the defendant, the burden of persuasion remains with the Government. See Suppa, 799 F.2d at 119. In determining whether there are conditions of release that will reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required and the safety of any other person and the community, the Court should consider the following factors:

(1) the nature and circumstances of the offense charged, including whether the offense... involves... a controlled substance;
(2) the weight of the evidence against the person;
(3) the history and characteristics of the person, including -
(A) the person's character, physical and mental condition, family ties, employment, financial resources, length of residence in the community, community ties, past conduct, history relating to drug or alcohol abuse, criminal history, and record concerning appearance at court proceedings; and
(B) whether, at the time of the current offense or arrest, the person was on probation, on parole, or on other release pending trial, sentencing, appeal, or completion of sentence for an offense under Federal, State, or local law; and
(4) the nature and seriousness of the danger to any person or the community that would be posed by the person's release.

18 U.S.C. § 3142(g).

At the October 17, 2011 hearing, the Court found that probable cause existed to believe that the defendants committed the charged offenses, which constituted offenses under the Controlled Substances Act for which the maximum term of imprisonment is ten years or more, and that Section 3142 therefore created a rebuttable presumption that no condition or combination of conditions would reasonably assure their appearance as required and the safety of the community. The Court further found that, regardless of whether the defendants submitted sufficient evidence to rebut the statutory presumption, the Government had proven by clear and convincing evidence that the defendants posed a risk of flight and/or a danger to the community. With regard to Defendant Shannon, the Court specifically noted his lack of ties, family or otherwise, in the community and Western Pennsylvania in general. The Court also stated that although Defendant Shannon was gainfully employed at the time of his arrest as a truck driver, he also had prior felony offenses for drug distribution for which he served a ...


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