United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania
September 11, 2014
CLARK DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS, INC., Plaintiff
ALG DIRECT, INC., Defendant.
CHRISTOPHER C. CONNER, Chief District Judge.
AND NOW, this 11th day of September, 2014, upon consideration of the motion (Doc. 83) in limine, filed by defendant ALG Direct, Inc. ("ALG"), to either limit or preclude plaintiff Clark Distribution Systems, Inc.'s ("CDS") presentation of evidence regarding claimed "losses of approximately $337, 997.00" allegedly incurred as a result of CDS's efforts to convert a higher-than-anticipated volume of ALG's materials to a condition acceptable to the USPS, wherein ALG argues that CDS has failed to present competent evidence during discovery to support the alleged damages, and upon further consideration of the response (Doc. 87) thereto filed by CDS, wherein CDS asserts that the argument under consideration is procedurally improper and should have been raised in a motion for summary judgment, and that CDS has presented sufficient evidence to proceed with its claim for $337, 997 in damages, and the court noting that motions in limine are intended to address the admissibility of evidence at trial, not dispositive issues more appropriately raised in a motion for summary judgment, see Klatch-Maynard v. Sugarloaf Twp., No. 3:06-cv-0845 , 2011 WL 3476814, at *2-3 (M.D. Pa. Aug. 9, 2011) (denying a motion in limine seeking a ruling that plaintiff presented sufficient pretrial evidence to submit a claim for punitive damages to the jury); see also Dunn ex rel. Albery v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 264 F.R.D. 266, 274 (E.D. Mich. 2009) (noting that motions in limine should be denied when the moving party seeks to "prevent the non-moving party from presenting its case"); Mavrinac v. Emergency Med. Ass'n of Pittsburgh, No. 04-1880 , 2007 WL 2908007, at *1 (W.D. Pa. Oct. 2, 2007) ("Motions in limine are inappropriate vehicles to seek a final determination with respect to a substantive cause of action, and should not be used as a substitute for a motion for summary judgment."); Bowers v. Nat'l Collegiate Athletic Ass'n , 563 F.Supp.2d 508, 531 (D.N.J. 2008) (denying a motion in limine for improperly "call[ing] upon the Court to weigh the sufficiency of the evidence in support of the parties' claims and defenses and, in effect, to resolve the parties' factual disputes on the eve of trial"); and the court concluding that a ruling on the sufficiency of the evidence presented in support of CDS's claim for $337, 997 in damages is inappropriate at this stage, see Klatch-Maynard , 2011 WL 3476814, at *2-3, it is hereby ORDERED that the motion (Doc. 83) in limine to either limit or preclude CDS's presentation of evidence regarding claimed "losses of approximately $337, 997.00" allegedly incurred as a result of CDS's efforts to convert a higher-than-anticipated volume of ALG's materials to a condition acceptable to the USPS is DENIED without prejudice to ALG's right to object to evidence or argument it believes is improperly offered at trial.