United States District Court, E.D. Pennsylvania
September 8, 2014
SCOTT J. MELNICK,
THE WHITE HOUSE, et. al.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
J. WILLIAM DITTER, Jr., District Judge.
Scott J. Melnick has filed a pro se complaint against the White House and President Barack Obama. For the following reasons, the Court sua sponte dismisses Melnick's complaint, with prejudice.
I am mindful of my duty to liberally construe pro se pleadings and to accept all factual allegations in the complaint as true and construe the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. However, "[a] federal court may sua sponte dismiss a complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) when the allegations within the complaint are so attenuated and unsubstantial as to be absolutely devoid of merit, ... wholly insubstantial, ... obviously frivolous, ... plainly unsubstantial, ... or no longer open to discussion.'" DeGrazia v F.B.I., 316 F.Appx. 172, 173 (3d Cir. 2009) (quoting Hagans v. Lavine, 415 U.S. 528, 536-37 (1974)).
I find that the sua sponte dismissal of Melnick's complaint is warranted because the allegations contained therein are clearly devoid of merit, wholly insubstantial and obviously frivolous. See id. Melnick claims to be a psychic and to have the ability to "call the ball" for the powerball lottery winners. See Melnick v. Krochta, C.A. No. 14-0256, (Doc #1) Compl. at p. 3a. He alleges that he is entitled to a portion of the lottery winnings of various powerball winners. Id. at 3c. His claims against the White House and President Obama are entirely unclear and President Obama's connection to the lottery is unknown. There is no question that Melnick's complaint meets the standard for sua sponte dismissal, as his claims rely on fantastic scenarios lacking any arguable factual basis. See DeGrazia v. F.B.I., 316 F.Appx. at 173.
In addition, dismissal of this complaint is warranted because the complaint plainly fails to comply with Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. It is well-settled that [t]he Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require that a complaint contain a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief and that each averment be concise and direct. See Fed.R.Civ.P.8(a)(2) & (e)(1); Scibeli v. Lebanon County, 219 F.Appx. 221, 222 (3d Cir. 2007). Thus, when a complaint is incomprehensible or largely unintelligible, an order dismissing the complaint under Rule 8 is clearly appropriate. Id. Furthermore, dismissal under Rule 8 is proper when a complaint leaves the defendants "having to guess what of the many things discussed constituted [a cause of action];" or when the complaint is so rambling and unclear as to defy response. Binsack v. Lackawanna Cty. Prison, 438 F.Appx. 158, 160 (3d Cir. 2011); see also Tillio v. Speiss, 441 Fed.App'x 109, 110 (3d Cir. Aug 4, 2011).
Here, Melnick's complaint is largely incomprehensible. The factual averments set forth in the complaint consist of a random assortment of events and allegations without any context or coherence. Therefore, Rule 8 compels dismissal of this complaint because it is not a short and plain statement of a cause of action containing averments that are concise and direct.
The Third Circuit Court of Appeals instructs that district courts should not dismiss a pro se complaint without allowing the plaintiff leave to amend unless amendment would be inequitable or futile. See Kim v. I.R.S., 522 Fed.App'x. 157, 159 (3d Cir. 2013). Melnick has filed multiple actions in this Court relating to his psychic ability. I dismissed three other actions filed by Mr. Melnick and in each case both the original and the amended complaint were unintelligible. See Melnick v. Krochta, C.A. No. 14-0256; Melnick v. Wells Fargo, C.A. No. 14-3083; and Melnick v. Segal, C.A. No. 14-3071. Therefore, I find that allowing plaintiff leave to amend would be futile. Because the complaint provides no basis upon which this court can exercise subject matter jurisdiction, and because the jurisdictional deficiencies are incapable of being cured by way of further amendment, dismissal of the complaint is appropriate. Accordingly, Melnick's complaint is dismissed pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
An appropriate order follows.