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Brown v. Peori

United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania

May 12, 2014

PETER BROWN, Plaintiff
PEORI, [1] Defendant.


WILLIAM J. HAYNES, District Judge.

On March 28, 2014, Plaintiff, Peter Brown, an inmate formerly confined at the United States Penitentiary in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, filed a Bivens[2] action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331 and a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. (Docs. 1, 2). Plaintiff alleges that on January 31, 2011, he submitted an inmate request to health services to be placed on a no fish diet and to be tested for allergies. (Doc. 1). He claims that Defendant, Physicians Assistant Peoria, denied his request for testing and recommended that he not eat fish. (Id.). Plaintiff alleges that he was not allowed to eat a nutritionally adequate meal every Tuesday and Friday from February 1, 2011, to April 24, 2012. (Id.). On April 17, 2014, Magistrate Judge Thomas M. Blewitt screened the complaint and issued a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") concluding that the complaint should be dismissed without prejudice for failure to state an Eighth Amendment claim, but with leave to amend. (Doc. 4, p. 9). Plaintiff did not file objections. For the reasons set forth below, the R&R will be adopted.

Standard of Review

When neither party objects to a magistrate judge's report and recommendation, the district court is not statutorily required to review the report, under de novo or any other standard. Thomas v. Arn , 474 U.S. 140, 152 (1985); 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). Nevertheless, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals has held that it is better practice to afford some level of review to dispositive legal issues raised by the report. Henderson v. Carlson , 812 F.2d 874, 878 (3d Cir. 1987), writ denied, 484 U.S. 837 (1987); Garcia v. I.N.S. , 733 F.Supp. 1554, 1555 (M.D. Pa. 1990) (Kosik, J.) (stating "the district court need only review the record for plain error or manifest injustice"). In the absence of objections, review may properly be limited to ascertaining whether there is clear error that not only affects the rights of the plaintiff, but also seriously affects the integrity, fairness, or public reputation of judicial proceedings. Cruz v. Chater , 990 F.Supp. 375, 377 (M.D. Pa. 1998) (Vanaskie, J.). The district court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings and recommendations contained in the report. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); M.D. Pa. L.R. 72.3.

In the absence of objections, this Court will review the instant action for plain error.


Magistrate Judge Blewitt thoroughly explains the court's screening obligations and the standards of review. (Doc. 4, pp. 2-5). The R&R outlines the requirement that each defendant be personally involved in the alleged constitutional deprivation, and discusses the two requirements a plaintiff must meet to state an Eighth Amendment claim. (Doc. 4, pp. 6-9). The Magistrate Judge concludes:

Plaintiff has not stated sufficient facts for the Court to conclude that his Eighth Amendment conditions of confinement claims should proceed because he has failed to allege: (1) that the deprivation alleged was objectively, sufficiently serious; and (2) that any Defendant acted with deliberate indifference to an excessive risk to his health and/or safety as required by Farmer.

(Id. at p. 9) (citing Farmer v. Brennan , 511 U.S. 825, 837 (1994)). Magistrate Judge Blewitt recommends that the complaint be dismissed without prejudice. (Id. at pp. 9-10), citing Alston v. Parker , 363 F.3d 229, 235-36 (3d Cir. 2004) (holding that a court must first allow a plaintiff leave to amend unless it finds bad faith, undue delay, prejudice, or futility).

After review, and in the absence of objections, this Court finds no error in the R&R and it will be adopted.

As recommended, the complaint will be dismissed without prejudice. Accordingly, Plaintiff will be afforded an opportunity to file an amended complaint to sufficiently plead an Eighth Amendment claim. He is advised that the "amended complaint must be complete in all respects." Young v. Keohane , 809 F.Supp. 1185, 1198 (M.D. Pa. 1992) (Conaboy, J.). It must be a new pleading which stands by itself without reference to the original complaint. Id . The amended complaint "may not contain conclusory allegations[; r]ather, it must establish the existence of specific actions by the defendants which have resulted in constitutional deprivations." Id . (citing Rizzo v. Goode , 423 U.S. 362 (1976)). "The amended complaint must also be simple, concise, and direct' as required by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure." Id . (citing FED. R. Civ. P. 8(e)(1)). "The allegations should be specific as to time and place, and should identify the specific person or persons responsible for the ...

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