United States District Court, E.D. Pennsylvania
RICHARD C. ACKOUREY d/b/a GRAPHIC STYLES/STYLES INTERNATIONAL LLC, Plaintiff,
SONELLAS CUSTOM TAILORS, a/k/a HONG KONG TAILORS (USA), and DILEEP KUMAR DASWANI, a/k/a KEN DASWANI, Defendants.
JAN E. DuBOIS, District Judge.
Plaintiff Richard Ackourey, d/b/a Graphic Styles/Styles International LLC, filed suit on December 3, 2012 against defendants Sonellas Custom Tailors, a/k/a Hong Kong Tailors (USA), and Dileep Kumar Daswani, a/k/a Ken Daswani, alleging that defendants wrongfully used plaintiff's copyrighted images on their websites. By Memorandum and Order dated August 21, 2013, the Court dismissed plaintiff's Complaint for lack of personal jurisdiction. Defendants now move, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d)(2), 28 U.S.C. § 1919, and 17 U.S.C. § 505, for an award of attorney's fees and expenses in the amount of $32, 656.57. For the reasons set forth below, defendants' Motion is denied.
The background of this case is set forth in detail in this Court's Memorandum and Order of August 21, 2013, granting defendants' Motion to Dismiss, see Ackourey v. Sonellas Custom Tailors , No. 12-cv-6729, 2013 WL 4479225 (E.D. Pa. Aug. 21, 2013), and will be recited in this Memorandum only as necessary to address the issues presented by Defendants' Motion for Attorneys' Fees.
On December 3, 2012, plaintiff filed the instant action. On April 29, 2013, defendants, who are citizens of Oregon, filed a Motion to Dismiss the Complaint for lack of personal jurisdiction. By Memorandum and Order dated August 21, 2013, the Court granted Defendants' Motion to Dismiss without prejudice on the ground that "plaintiff ha[d] fail[ed] to produce any evidence that defendant[s] purposefully established minimum contacts in the forum.'" Id. at *5 (quoting BP Chems. Ltd. v. Formosa Chem. & Fibre Corp. , 229 F.3d 254, 259 (3d Cir. 2000)).
On September 16, 2013, plaintiff filed a Notice of Appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. On September 24, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit issued an Order, which stated, in relevant part:
Appellant seeks review of the District Court's Order entered August 22, 2013. It appears that the Court lacks jurisdiction because the order is not immediately appealable. All parties must file written response addressing this Court's authority to consider the appeal, with a certificate of service attached, within fourteen (14) days from the date of this order.
(citations omitted). On October 8, 2013, plaintiff responded to this Order by stating that "Plaintiff-Appellant will stand on the complaint." See Pl.'s Resp. to the Order of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit of Sept. 24, 2013, at 2, Ackourey v. Sonellas Custom Tailors , No. 13-3818 (3d Cir. Oct. 8, 2013). On October 4, 2013, defendants filed, in this Court, the instant Motion for Attorneys' Fees. By Order dated October 28, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit referred the jurisdictional issue to the merits panel for "a final determination of appellate jurisdiction." Plaintiff's appeal remains pending.
A. Defendants Are Not Entitled to Attorney's Fees Under Either 28 U.S.C. § 1919 or 17 U.S.C. § 505
Defendants first argue that they is entitled to attorney's fees under 28 U.S.C. § 1919, which provides that "[w]henever any action or suit is dismissed in any district court, the Court of International Trade, or the Court of Federal Claims for want of jurisdiction, such court may order the payment of just costs." Attorney's fees are not recoverable, however, under this statute. See, e.g., Catillo Grand, LLC v. Sheraton Operating Corp. , 719 F.3d 120, 123-24 (2d Cir. 2013) (holding that "just costs' authorized by section 1919 [do not] include attorney's fees"); Wilkinson v. D.M. Weatherly Co. , 655 F.2d 47, 49 (5th Cir. Unit A. Aug. 1981) ("Although [the district court] may order the payment of just costs, ' 28 U.S.C. [§] 1919, such costs' do not include attorney's fees...."). Thus, the Court rejects this argument.
The Court also concludes that defendants are not entitled to attorney's fees under 28 U.S.C. § 505, which provides, in relevant part, that a "court may... award a reasonable attorney's fee to the prevailing party." The dispositive issue with respect to this statute is whether defendants are prevailing parties. The Court concludes that they are not. "[A] prevailing party' is one who has been awarded some relief by the court" that creates a "material alteration of the legal relationship of the parties." Buckhannon Bd. & Care Home, Inc. v. W.Va. Dep't of Health & Human Res. , 532 U.S. 598, 603-04 (2001). The Supreme Court has held that "a plaintiff [must] receive at least some relief on the merits of his claim before he can be said to prevail." Id. at 603 (quoting Hewitt v. Helms , 482 U.S. 755, 760 (1987)).
Because the Court dismissed plaintiff's Complaint without prejudice for lack of personal jurisdiction, defendants are not prevailing parties. See, e.g., Buccellati Holding Italia SPA v. Laura Buccellati, LLC , No. 11-cv-7268, 2013 WL 6223596, at *3 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 2, 2013) ("Our view is supported by every district court decision of which we aware since Buckhannon that has actually considered the issue of whether a defendant who prevails on a motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction is a prevailing party.' Each case has held that such a defendant is not a prevailing party." (citing cases)); Lang v. Morris , No. 11-cv-1366, 2011 WL 6055513, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 6, 2011) (holding that, where the plaintiffs' complaint was dismissed for lack of personal jurisdiction, the "[d]efendant [was] not a prevailing party because she ha[d] not secured any relief on the merits").
B. Defendants Are Not Entitled to Reimbursement for "Counsel's Expenses" Under Either 28 ...