United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania
February 28, 2014
CHARLES PACK, Petitioner,
GERALD L. ROZUM, et al., Respondents.
JOHN E. JONES, III, District Judge.
Petitioner Charles Pack ("Petitioner" or "Pack"), an inmate presently confined at the State Correctional Institution in Somerset, Pennsylvania ("SCI Somerset"), initiated the above captioned pro se action by filing a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus ("Petition") under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 2254. (Doc. 1). Named as Respondents are Gerald L. Rozum and the Pennsylvania State Attorney General. ( Id. ). Petitioner has paid the filing fee. For the reasons discussed below, the Court will transfer the Petition to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
On May 17, 2010, Petitioner was convicted of murder in the second degree, burglary, robbery, and two counts of criminal conspiracy in the Court of Common Pleas of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. (Doc. 1). On June 22, 2010, Petitioner was sentenced to life in prison plus thirty two and one-half (32 ½) to eighty (80) years. ( Id. ). Petitioner is challenging this conviction and/or sentence in his instant habeas petition. ( Id. ).
For state prisoners who seek to contest some aspect of their state sentences, 28 U.S.C. §2241(d) specifies where habeas corpus petitions should be filed, and provides as follows:
Where an application for a writ of habeas corpus is made by a person in custody under the judgment and sentence of a State court of a State which contains two or more Federal judicial districts, the application may be filed in the district court for the district wherein such person is in custody or in the district court for the district within which the State court was held which convicted and sentenced him and each of such district courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction to entertain the application. The district court for the district wherein such an application is filed in the exercise of its discretion and in furtherance of justice may transfer the application to the other district court for hearing and determination.
28 U.S.C. § 2241(d).
Thus, state prisoner habeas corpus petitions may be brought in the federal judicial district in which the state court of the conviction is located or, when the prisoner is confined in a prison located in another federal district in the same state as the state of conviction, the petition may also be brought in the district of confinement. See 28 U.S.C. § 2241(d). However, § 2241(d) also provides that the district court for the district in which the petition is filed may "in furtherance of justice" transfer the petition to the federal district court in which the state court of the conviction is located. 28 U.S.C. § 2241(d). See also Miller v. Hambrick, 905 F.2d 259, 262 (9th Cir. 1990). The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has also "note[d] that it is quite clear that ordinarily a transfer of a [habeas] proceeding relating to the validity of the petitioner's conviction from the district of confinement to the district of sentencing would be in furtherance of the convenience of the parties and witnesses." In re Nwanze, 242 F.3d 521, 526 n.2 (3d Cir. 2001) (internal citations omitted).
In this case, Petitioner is a state prisoner who is housed in the Western District of Pennsylvania but who is challenging a state conviction he received from Lehigh County in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. As such, the Middle District of Pennsylvania is not the district of confinement; nor is it the district in which Petitioner's conviction occurred. While we could transfer the case to the Western District or Eastern District, the conviction and underlying state case are matters that fall under the territorial jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 28 U.S.C. §118(a). Since this offense, state prosecution, and sentencing all took place in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, it would be in the interest of justice to transfer this petition to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 28 U.S.C. § 2241(d). See also Miller, 905 F.2d at 262 (9th Cir. 1990). An appropriate Order will enter on today's date.