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Rudi v. State Farm Fire & Casualty Co.

United States District Court, Third Circuit

November 27, 2013



William H. Yohn Jr., Judge.

Plaintiffs Francis and Margaret Rudi bring this action against State Farm Fire & Casualty Company (“State Farm”) related to State Farm’s payment of their insurance claims. State Farm now moves for summary judgment. For the following reasons, the motion for summary judgment will be granted.

I. Background

A. Factual and Procedural History

The plaintiffs are owners and residents of property located at 151 Cassel Road, Harleysville, Pennsylvania (“Property”). (Compl. ¶ 1). On September 30, 2010, a stream near the Property flooded, damaging the dwelling thereon and contents within. (Mot. ¶ 5, Resp. ¶ 5). At the time, the Property was covered for flood insurance under State Farm Flood Dwelling Policy No. 38-RB-4764-6 FL (“Policy”), effective from August 29, 2010 to August 29, 2011. (Mot. ¶ 4, Resp. ¶ 4). The Policy provided $76, 000 in dwelling coverage (minus a $2, 000 deductible); and $38, 800 in personal property coverage (minus a $2, 000 deductible). (Id.). The Policy was a federally underwritten, Standard Flood Insurance Policy (“SFIP”) administered by State Farm pursuant to the National Flood Insurance Program (“NFIP”). (Mot. ¶ 4, 16; Resp. ¶ 4, 16).[1] Per SFIP Art. VII(J)(4), the Rudis had sixty days from the date of loss to submit a sworn and executed Proof of Loss to State Farm for any damages in dispute. (Mot. ¶ 16; Resp. ¶ 16).[2]

After the flood, the Rudis retained licensed public adjuster David Schlegal to help them present a damages claim to State Farm. (Resp. Ex. 1). On October 17, 2010, Schlegal prepared a preliminary estimate that stated a contents estimate of $25, 542.64 and a building estimate of $44, 791.82. (Resp. Ex. A). The Rudis did not sign the estimate. (Resp. Ex. A). On October 19, 2010, the Rudis signed a proof of loss for an advance payment stating the following items and amounts: “The Actual Cash Value of said property at the time of the loss—TBD; The Whole Loss and Damage—Advance Payment $10, 000; Less Amount of Deductible—$2, 000; The Amount Claimed under the above numbered policy—$8, 000.” (Resp. Ex. A; Mot. Ex. H). The proof of loss did not refer to or incorporate Schlegal’s preliminary estimate. On October 20, 2010, Schlegal faxed a letter to State Farm representative Patrick Taylor that included the October 17 estimate and the October 19 Proof of Loss. (Resp. Ex. A). The letter thanked Taylor for meeting with the Rudis to inspect the Property, and directed Taylor to the attached “preliminary building and contents estimates” and “Proof of Loss, representing the insured’s request for an advance partial payment on their already incurred claim expenses.” (Resp. Ex. A). On November 10, 2010, State Farm issued an $8, 000 check to the Rudis. (Mot. ¶ 7; Resp. ¶ 7).

On November 30, 2010, the Rudis submitted a second sworn proof of loss stating the total claim amount as $14, 837.10, after reducing the building claim by $2, 000 for the deductible and the contents claim for a similar $2, 000 deductible. (Mot. ¶ 8; Resp. ¶ 8). On December 9, 2010, State Farm issued a check to the Rudis for $6, 837.10 —the difference between the amount claimed on November 30 and the $8, 000 paid to the Rudis on November 10. (Mot. ¶ 9; Resp. ¶ 9). The Rudis submitted a third sworn Proof of Loss on January 3, 2011, here stating the claim amount as $20, 673.45, again net of the deductibles.[3] (Mot ¶ 10; Resp. ¶ 10; Mot. Ex. D). On January 7, 2011, State Farm issued a check to the Rudis for $5, 836.35—the difference between the amount claimed on January 3 and the $14, 837.10 previously paid to the Rudis. (Mot ¶ 11; Resp. ¶ 11). The checks on the record show $20, 673.45 in total payments from State Farm to the Rudis (Mot. Ex. A, C, E) an amount both Margaret and Francis Rudi recalled as accurate in their depositions (Mot. Ex. F, H).

On July 7, 2011, the Rudis brought this action claiming breach of contract by State Farm for refusing to provide full coverage under the Policy for its losses, stated in the complaint to be $8, 483.56 in cost to repair the premises, $5, 000 in cost to replace personal property, and $7, 380.72 in recoverable depreciation—a total sum of $20, 864.28. They also brought a claim for bad faith conduct under 42 Pa. C.S.A. § 8371.

On October 1, 2013, [4] State Farm moved for summary judgment on both claims.

II. Standard of Review

Summary judgment is appropriate when “the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). “Material facts are those that could affect the outcome of the proceeding, and a dispute about a material fact is genuine if the evidence is sufficient to permit a reasonable jury to return a verdict for the nonmoving party.” Roth v. Norfalco LLC, 651 F.3d 367, 373 (3d Cir. 2011) (internal quotation marks omitted).

“In evaluating the motion, ‘the court must draw all reasonable inferences in favor of the nonmoving party, and it may not make credibility determinations or weigh the evidence.’” Guidotti v. Legal Helpers Debt Resolution, LLC, 716 F.3d 764, 772 (3d Cir.2013) (quoting Reeves v. Sanderson Plumbing Prods., Inc., 530 U.S. 133, 150 (2000)). “Where the record taken as a whole could not lead a rational trier of fact to find for the nonmoving party, there is no genuine issue for trial.” Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 587 (1986) (internal quotation omitted).

“A party seeking summary judgment always bears the initial responsibility of informing the district court of the basis for its motion, and identifying those portions of the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact.” Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986) (internal quotations omitted); El v. Se. Pennsylvania Transp. Auth. (SEPTA), 479 F.3d 232, 237 (3d Cir. 2007). “If a non-moving party fails to [then] make a showing sufficient to establish the existence of an element essential to that party's case on which it bears the burden of proof at trial, there is no issue as to a genuine issue of a material fact and thus the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Lauren W. ex rel. Jean W. v. DeFlaminis, 480 F.3d 259, 266 (3d Cir. 2007) (citing Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986)).

III. Discussion

A. Breach of Contract

State Farm contends that it is entitled to summary judgment on the Rudis’ breach of contract claim in Count I because it has paid all amounts claimed by the Rudis’ in sworn proofs of loss, and, under the SFIP and the NFIP, it cannot be liable for amounts not claimed in timely, sworn proofs of loss. The Rudis respond that Respondents’ Exhibit A—consisting of Schlegal’s October 20, 2010 letter to State Farm and an affidavit from Schlegal attesting to its validity— “provides ample facts upon which a fact finder can conclude that the Plaintiffs complied with their obligations to submit a compliant Proof of Loss setting forth the amount of their claim.” See Resp. at *8.

As stated above, the Rudis’ breach of contract claim is governed by the SFIP, of which Art. VII(J)(4) requires that “in case of a flood loss to insured property, you must . . . within 60 days after the loss, send us a proof of loss, which is your statement of the amount you are claiming under the policy signed and sworn to by you . . . .” See Suopys, 404 F.3d at 807. The SFIP then provides that the insurance adjuster may furnish you with a proof of loss form and may help you complete it but it is a matter of courtesy only and “you must still send us a proof of loss within 60 days after the loss even if the adjuster does not furnish the form or help you complete it (emphasis added).” The Third Circuit has therefore concluded that “[s]trictly construed, the SFIP clearly and unambiguously requires that proof of loss be submitted by the insured within 60 days of the claimed flood loss. The SFIP places the onus on the insured to file the proof of loss within 60 days regardless of the representations and assistance, or lack thereof, provided by the insurer or its adjuster.” Suopys, 404 F.3d at 810.

In Suopys the Third Circuit held that because any claims paid by a WYO company are a direct charge to the United States Treasury, “strict adherence to SFIP proof of loss provisions, including the 60-day period for providing proof of loss, is a prerequisite to recovery under the SFIP.” Id. at 810. Where an insured plaintiff has failed to strictly comply with SFIP provisions regarding proof of loss, summary judgment is appropriate in favor of a defendant-insurance company. See id. at 811-12. The SFIP proof of loss provisions will not be waived by the submission of an adjuster’s report of the loss unless the adjuster’s report is signed and there is a written waiver from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (“FEMA”). Id. General doctrines of waiver and estoppel do not apply.

Here, the record shows three proofs of loss signed and sworn by Margaret and/or Francis Rudi: the proof of loss of October 19, 2010 seeking a $8, 000 advance payment; the proof of loss of November 30, 2010 stating a $14, 837.10 claim; and the proof of loss of January 3, 2011 stating a $20, 673.45 claim. Meanwhile, the record shows a check from State Farm to the Rudis subsequent to each of the three proofs of loss, adding in the aggregate to $20, 673.45 in payments. The Rudis did not dispute this amount in their depositions, nor do they dispute it here in their brief. Irrespective of the estimate prepared by Schlegal, the Rudis claimed $20, 673.45 in sworn proofs of loss and were paid the entirety of that amount by State Farm.[5] As the record shows no FEMA waiver and the Rudis did not sign the estimate prepared by Schlegal, it cannot be said that the proof of loss requirement is waived by Schlegal’s October 20 letter to the State Farm representative. See Id . at 810. Moreover, none of the proofs of loss referred to or attempted to incorporate by reference the Schlegal estimate.

There is no genuine issue that State Farm paid all that was validly claimed of it.[6]Summary judgment in favor of State Farm is therefore appropriate on the breach of contract claim.[7] See id. at 811-12; Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co., 475 U.S. at 587.

B. Statutory Bad Faith

State Farm contends that the Rudis’ statutory bad faith claim is foreclosed because federal law preempts state law extra-contractual claims related to NFIP policies such as the State Farm policy at issue in this case. See C.E.R. 1988, Inc. v. The Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., 386 F.3d 263, 270 (3d Cir. 2004). The Rudis do not oppose summary judgment on their statutory bad faith claim.

An appropriate order follows.


AND NOW, this 27 day of November, 2013, it is HEREBY ORDERED that:

1. Upon consideration of State Farm’s motion for summary judgment (Doc. 21), the Rudis’ response, and State Farm’s reply, State Farm’s motion for summary judgment is GRANTED.

2. Judgment is entered in favor of the defendant State Farm Fire & Casualty Co. and against the plaintiffs Francis and Margaret Rudi.

3. This case shall be marked CLOSED for statistical purposes.

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