Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Mulqueen v. Energy Force, LLC

United States District Court, Third Circuit

November 14, 2013

WHITNEY MULQUEEN, Plaintiff,
v.
ENERGY FORCE, LLC, JAMES LONG, T.S. DUDLEY LAND CO. and DIANE LONG, Defendants.

MEMORANDUM

JAMES M. MUNLEY, District Judge.

Before the court for disposition is Magistrate Judge Thomas M. Blewitt's Report and Recommendation (hereinafter "R&R"). (Doc. 37). The R&R proposes that the court grant the defendants' motions to dismiss counts two, three and six of plaintiff's complaint with prejudice. Plaintiff filed objections to the R&R (Doc. 38), and they are ripe for disposition.

Background

The instant employment discrimination action arose from Plaintiff Whitney Mulqueen's (hereinafter "plaintiff") employment with Defendant T.S. Dudley Land Company (hereinafter "T.S. Dudley"). (Doc. 1, Compl. (hereinafter "Compl.") ¶ 15). On January 4, 2012, Defendant Energy Force, LLC (hereinafter "Energy Force"), a staffing agency, placed plaintiff in a training position with Defendant T.S. Dudley. (Id. ¶ 15). T.S. Dudley assigned her to work in a hotel room in Dickson City, Pennsylvania. (Id.) Plaintiff worked with two younger women in a suite that was disorganized, loud and unprofessional. (Id. ¶¶ 18, 49). Plaintiff claims that Defendants T.S. Dudley and Energy Force (collectively "defendants") failed to provide her with a job description and adequately train her. (Id. ¶¶ 16-17).

Moreover, plaintiff alleges defendants failed to compensate her for any work performed in excess of forty hours per week. (Id. ¶¶ 45, 47). Specifically, Val Shears (hereinafter "Shears"), plaintiff's supervisor, advised plaintiff that normal working hours were Monday through Friday from 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Id.) Plaintiff was also required to take work home over the weekends. (Id.) Plaintiff claims that she was never compensated for this weekend work. (Id.)

Based on these allegations, plaintiff filed a six-count complaint in this court. The complaint asserts the following causes of action: Count One, violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (hereinafter "ADEA"), 29 U.S.C.A. § 621 et seq. ; Count Two, involuntary servitude in contravention of 18 U.S.C. § 1584; Count Three, wrongful discharge under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e (hereinafter "Title VII"); Count Four, violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 201 et seq .; Count Five, a constructive discharge claim; and Count Six, a claim for declaratory relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2201.

On June 28, 2013, Defendants T.S. Dudley and Diane Long filed a motion to dismiss counts two, three and six. (Doc. 13). On August 20, 2013, Defendants Energy Force and James Long filed a motion to dismiss counts two, three and six. (Doc. 32). On October 3, 2013, Magistrate Judge Blewitt recommended granting defendants' motions to dismiss and dismissing counts two, three and six with prejudice. Plaintiff filed objections to the recommendation regarding counts two and three. She did not object to the recommendation pertaining to count six.

Discussion

Prior to addressing the motions to dismiss, the court notes that plaintiff's ad damnum clause requests the court criminally prosecute defendants for allegedly violating civil and criminal statutes. The determination of whether to prosecute and what criminal charges to bring, however, are decisions that generally rest in the prosecutor's, not the court's, discretion. United States v. Batchelder , 442 U.S. 114, 124 (1979); see also United States v. Friedland , 83 F.3d 1531, 1539 (3d Cir. 1996) (stating that under 28 U.S.C. §§ 541 & 547 the United States Attorney is responsible for the prosecution of all crimes within his or her district). Moreover, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals has stated that a private person in a federal civil action lacks standing to impose criminal liability on a defendant. Friedland , 83 F.3d at 1539. As such, the court will strike plaintiff's request to prosecute the defendants from plaintiff's ad damnum clause.

The court next addresses the defendants' motions to dismiss. Defendants have each filed a motion to dismiss three counts contained within plaintiff's six-count complaint: Count Two, involuntary servitude in contravention of 18 U.S.C. § 1584; Count Three, wrongful discharge under Title VII; and Count Six, a claim for declaratory relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2201. Magistrate Judge Blewitt suggests that all three counts should be dismissed with prejudice. Plaintiff does not object to the dismissal of count six, but plaintiff objects to the dismissal of counts two and three. Thus, the court will first discuss count six and then address counts two and three.

A. Report and Recommendation - No Objections to the dismissal of Count Six

Magistrate Judge Blewitt recommends dismissing plaintiffs claim for declaratory relief, count six, with prejudice. Neither plaintiff nor defendants object to this recommendation. When deciding whether to adopt the R&R when no objections have been filed, the court must determine if a review of the record evidences plain error or manifest injustice. FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b) 1983 Advisory Committee Notes ("When no timely objection is filed, the court need only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record to accept the recommendation"); see also 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Sullivan v. Cuyler , 723 F.2d 1077, 1085 (3d Cir. 1983). No plain error has been discerned following a review of the record. Accordingly, the court will adopt this portion of the R&R and dismiss count six with prejudice.

B. Report and Recommendation - Objections to the dismissal of Counts Two and Three

Plaintiff objects to the recommendations of dismissing count two, involuntary servitude, and count three, wrongful discharge, with prejudice. In disposing of objections to a R&R, the district court must make a de novo determination of those portions of the report against which objections are made. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(c); see also Sullivan v. Cuyler , 723 F.2d 1077, 1085 (3d Cir. 1983). The court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the magistrate judge's recommendations. Henderson v. Carlson , 812 F.2d 874, 877 (3d Cir. 1987). The district court judge may also ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.