IN THE INTEREST OF: S.H.J., CHILD APPEAL OF: C.H. IN THE INTEREST OF: A.J., CHILD APPEAL OF: C.H.
Appeal from the Order entered September 25, 2012, in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County, Juvenile Division, at Nos. CP-51-DP-0000566-2011, CP-51-DP-0113384-2009
BEFORE: SHOGAN, WECHT, and COLVILLE [*] , JJ.
In these consolidated appeals, C.H. ("Maternal Aunt"), the maternal aunt of S.HJ. and A.J. (collectively "the Children"), appeals the order entered on September 25, 2012. That order denied Maternal Aunt's petition to intervene in the Children's dependency proceedings after the trial court found that she lacked standing. We affirm.
A.J. (born in October 2009) first came to the attention of Philadelphia's Department of Human Services ("DHS") when DHS received a General Protective Services report on November 29, 2009, which alleged that A.J.'s mother, S.H. ("Mother"), was overwhelmed by the burden of caring for A.J.. The report also noted that Mother had evicted A.J.'s father, G.D.J. ("Father"), from the home because he failed to provide support for A.J. According to the report, Mother had three other children who were not in her care. Mother and Father were both uncooperative with DHS during its investigation, refusing to provide their real names or information regarding A.J. and her siblings. DHS placed A.J. in foster care after it obtained an order for protective custody on November 29, 2009.
Mother gave birth to S.H.J. prematurely in October 2010. Mother and Father agreed to accept In-Home Protective Services ("IHPS") from DHS, which was recommended after caseworkers visited Mother at the hospital. When DHS conducted a home visit with Mother at her mother's residence on February 18, 2011, Mother told the caseworker that S.H.J. was not there and that Father was caring for her. Mother and Father refused to make S.H.J. available for a DHS safety assessment and were otherwise uncooperative with DHS and IHPS. As a result, DHS filed a dependency petition. The trial court adjudicated S.H.J. dependent and committed her to DHS on March 31, 2011. The trial court granted DHS' petitions to involuntarily terminate the parental rights of both Mother and Father on July 18, 2011.
Maternal Aunt served as the kinship foster parent for the Children from July 2011 to April 2012. In April 2012, DHS removed the Children from Maternal Aunt's care. On April 9, 2012, the trial court ordered that the Children were not to be returned to Maternal Aunt's home. The record before us is unclear as to why the removal occurred.
On August 24, 2012, Maternal Aunt filed a petition to intervene. At a permanency review hearing for the Children held on September 25, 2012, the trial court denied that petition. On October 24, 2012, Maternal Aunt filed her notice of appeal and concise statement of errors complained of on appeal, pursuant to Pa.R.A.P. 1925(a)(2).
Maternal aunt presents the following question for our review:
1. Did [the trial court] err in not granting standing to [Maternal Aunt] and denying her Petition to Intervene in the dependency/adoption proceedings in that [Maternal Aunt] was the maternal aunt, had custody previously for a substantial period of time of the [Children] as a kinship foster parent, stands in loco parentis to the [C]hildren, was classified as pre-adoptive to the [C]hildren, D.H.S. supported her position and it was in the best interest of the [C]hildren to allow [Maternal Aunt] to have standing and to intervene? Did [the trial court] err in stating and finding that issues of pre-adoption status were waived?
Maternal Aunt's Brief at 4.
An issue regarding standing to participate in dependency proceedings is a question of law, as to which we apply plenary review. Our standard of review is de novo. In re G.D., 61 A.3d 1031, 1036 (Pa. Super. 2013) (citations omitted).
We begin our analysis by noting that, in her brief, Maternal Aunt refers incorrectly to the underlying action as "the dependency/adoption proceedings of these two [C]hildren." Maternal Aunt's Brief at 10. A review of the record reveals that no petition for adoption has been filed in this case and that the proceedings in the juvenile court were pursuant to the Juvenile Act, 42 Pa.C.S.A. ...