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[U] Commonwealth v. Hampton

Superior Court of Pennsylvania

September 10, 2013



Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of November 18, 2011 In the Court of Common Pleas of Chester County Criminal Division at No(s): CP-15-CR-0004702-2009




Jeffrey J. Hampton (Appellant) appeals from his aggregate judgment of sentence of 7 to 14 years of incarceration for six counts of delivery and/or possession with intent to deliver (PWID) (methamphetamine), four counts of PWID (cocaine), sixteen counts of criminal conspiracy (PWID), three counts of possession of a controlled substance, and ninety-four counts of criminal use of communication facility.[1] We affirm.

A jury convicted Appellant of the above crimes on March 17, 2011. Appellant was found not guilty of numerous other drug-related charges, including corrupt organizations, conspiracy to conduct corrupt organizations, and dealing in the proceeds of unlawful activity.

Appellant's conviction for delivery of methamphetamines and cocaine, and the trial court's subsequent determination that he possessed specific quantities of both substances, subjected him to mandatory minimum terms of seven years' incarceration and five years' of incarceration, respectively. See 18 Pa.C.S. §§ 7508(a)(4)(ii) and (a)(3)(ii), respectively.[2] Accordingly, on November 18, 2011, the trial court sentenced Appellant to an aggregate term of 7 to 14 years' incarceration.[3]

On November 28, 2011, Appellant filed a timely post-sentence motion challenging both his conviction and his sentencing, specifically the application of the mandatory minimum sentences. On July 3, 2012, the trial court denied Appellant's motion. Appellant filed a timely notice of appeal. Both Appellant and the trial court complied with the provisions of Pa.R.A.P. 1925.

On appeal, Appellant contends that the trial court erred in determining that the Commonwealth proved by a preponderance of the evidence that the he possessed with the intent to deliver quantities of methamphetamine and cocaine sufficient to warrant application of the mandatory sentencing provisions in section 7508.[4]

At the outset, we must address the Commonwealth's contention that Appellant's issue implicates the discretionary aspects of his sentence and, as such, is waived because Appellant has failed to include, in his brief, a concise statement of reasons relied upon for allowance of appeal from the discretionary aspects of sentencing as required by Pa.R.A.P. 2119(f).[5] As this Court has noted previously, "[o]rdinarily, a challenge to the application of a mandatory minimum sentence is a non-waivable challenge to the legality of the sentence. This is so because by statute, courts have no authority to avoid imposing the mandatory minimum, assuming certain factual predicates apply." Commonwealth v. Johnson, 920 A.2d 873, 880 (Pa. Super. 2007) (citation omitted). Accordingly, we find no merit to the Commonwealth's argument.

As noted above, Appellant frames his issue as a challenge to the sufficiency of the evidence related to the trial court's imposition of the mandatory minimum sentencing provisions. Such an issue implicates a mixed question of law and fact requiring a hybrid standard of review. See Commonwealth v. Manahan, 45 A.3d 413, 415-416 (Pa. Super. 2012). Thus, we address Appellant's claims mindful of the following. "[W]hen reviewing factual findings and credibility determinations by a sentencing court, we accept the findings of fact unless they are clearly erroneous." Id. at 416 (citing Commonwealth v. Myers, 722 A.2d 649, 652 (Pa. 1998)). Our scope of review is plenary. Further, "we review the evidence in a light most favorable to the Commonwealth, since it was the successful party below." Id.

Appellant argues that the evidence presented at trial and at his sentencing hearing was insufficient to warrant application of the section 7508 mandatory minimum sentences. Appellant's Brief at 15. Appellant contends that the Commonwealth did not prove that he possessed the required amount of controlled substances under the statute at any given time. Id. at 17. Additionally, as only a small amount of cocaine was seized during Appellant's arrest, Appellant argues that the Commonwealth's assertion that he possessed the statutory amount of cocaine or methamphetamines at any time is purely speculative and contrary to Appellant's own testimony that he is a heavy drug user. Id. Moreover, relying on Commonwealth v. Clark, 895 A.2d 633 (Pa. Super. 2006) and Commonwealth v. Ratsamy, 885 A.2d 1005 (Pa. Super. 2005), Appellant notes that even if he did possess the statutory amount, that evidence alone is insufficient to prove that he possessed those substances with the intent to deliver, as opposed to for his own personal use. Id. at 18-19.

With respect to the latter argument, Appellant neglects to note that our Supreme Court reversed this Court's decision in Ratsamy on the basis that this Court had engaged in an improper re-weighing of the evidence, and concluded that, under the totality of the circumstances, the evidence presented to the sentencing court was indeed sufficient to impose a mandatory minimum sentence under section 7508. See Commonwealth v. Ratsamy, 934 A.2d 1233 (Pa. 2007). As a result of the Supreme Court's decision in Ratsamy, Clark was also overturned. See Commonwealth v. Clark, 942 A.2d 895 (Pa. 2008). Thus, Appellant's reliance on our analysis in Ratsamy and Clark is misplaced. Indeed, our Supreme Court's ultimate resolution of Ratsamy and Clark supports the trial court's determination in the instant case.

We now turn to Appellant's arguments regarding the trial court's fact- finding at sentencing. The ...

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