The opinion of the court was delivered by: (judge Caputo)
NOW, this 14th day of May, 2013, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion for Class Certification as to All Issues of Defendants' Liability to Plaintiffs (Doc. 1319) filed by Plaintiffs in H.T. v. Ciavarella, No. 09-0357, and Conway v. Conahan, No. 09-0291 (collectively "Plaintiffs"), is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that: (1) The following litigation classes (the "Classes") are certified pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23(a) and (b)(3):
Violations of Right to Impartial Tribunal
All children who were adjudicated delinquent or referred to placement by Ciavarella between 2003 and May 2008, whose adjudications were vacated, expunged, and dismissed with prejudice by orders of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court dated October 29, 2009 or March 29, 2010. See in re Expungement of Juvenile Records and Vacatur of Luzerne County Juvenile Court Consent Decrees or Adjudications from 2003-2008, No. 81-MM-2008 (Pa.)
Violations of Right to Counsel and/or Colloquy All children in Class A who were adjudicated delinquent or referred to placement by Ciavarella without counsel and/or without colloquies on the record that informed them of their rights and the consequences of waiving those rights, before either waiving counsel and/or pleading guilty, during the time between 2003 and May 2008.
False Imprisonment All children in Class A who were referred to placement at PA Child Care and/or Western PA Child Care by Ciavarella between 2003 and May 2008.
Violations of RICO Act All children who were adjudicated delinquent or referred to placement by Ciavarella who paid fees, costs, fines, restitution, or any other monetary charges associated with their adjudications and/or placements during the time period between 2003 and May 2008, as well as all children's parents or guardians who paid fees, costs, fines, restitution, or any other monetary charges associated with their children's adjudications and/or placements during the same time period.
(2) The Classes are certified pursuant to Rule 23(c)(4) for determination of all legal and factual issues as to Defendants' liability on Plaintiffs' claims in Counts I, II, III, IV, V, VII, and IX of the Master Complaint for Class Actions (Doc. 136).
(3) The following representative Plaintiffs are appointed as representatives of the Classes and Subclasses:
Paige Cicardo- Class A, Subclass A.1, Subclass A.2 Elizabeth Habel- Class A, Subclass A.2, Class B Angelia Karsko- Class A, Subclass A.2 H.T.- Class A, Subclass A.1 Jessica Van Reeth- Class A, Subclass ...