IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
January 25, 2013
SHIRLEY SPYCHALLA INDIVIDUALLY AND AS SPECIAL ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF LEONARD J SPYCHALLA, DECEASED
AVCO CORPORATION, ET. AL.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: David R. Strawbridge United States Magistrate Judge
EXPLANATION and ORDER
AND NOW this 25th day of January, 2013, upon consideration of APlaintiff=s Motion and Memorandum Regarding the Sufficiency of Defendant Cessna=s Answers or Objections to Plaintiff=s Request for Admissions Pursuant to Rule 36@ (Doc. 147), the response (Doc. 174), the reply (Doc. 200), and the sur-reply (Doc. 206), and after a January 23, 2013 recorded telephonic oral argument, it is hereby ORDERED that the motion is GRANTED in part and DEFERRED in part.
The Motion is GRANTED in part in that Cessna must answer whether it Apurchased McCauley Propeller company in 1960.@ To the extend that Cessna claims that multiple AMcCauley Propeller@ companies existed, it must clarify which one, if any, it bought in 1960.*fn1
We reject Cessna=s argument that Plaintiff has failed to provide Aany@evidence of the Decedent=s exposure to Cessna=s asbestos-containing products. We conclude that Plaintiff has provided sufficient evidence of possible exposure to establish the low threshold of relevance under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b). At the same time, we acknowledge that some assessment of the extent of that evidence may be relevant to our determination of whether the burden upon Cessna of responding to requests to admit 2-8 outweighs the benefit of the answers to Plaintiff.
During the oral argument, Cessna contended that it could not responsibly admit, deny, or assert that, after reasonable inquiry, it had insufficient knowledge to admit or deny requests to admit 2 through 8, until it had searched its records to determine whether (1) AMcCauley made asbestos containing brake assemblies used in Cessna aircrafts during the period of 1960 to 1991@; and (2) ACessna sold asbestos containing spare parts@ between (a) 1960 to1965; (b) 1965 to1970; (c) 1970 to 1975; (d) 1975 to 1980; (e) 1980 to 1985; or (f) 1985 to 1991. We accept Cessna=s assessment that some investigation of documents may be necessary to make these broad determinations and that there will certainly be some accompanying burden. We remind Cessna, however, that in order to admit or deny the general questions asked, it need not uncover all relevant records nor must it produce those records. We also remind the parties that any admissions by Cessna Acannot be used against the party in any other proceeding@, Fed. R. Civ. P. 36(b), and that, to the extent Cessna does not admit a request, it has a good faith obligation under Rule 36(a)(4) to deny it Aspecifically@ and to Afairly respond to the substance of the matter.@ Further, if Cessna believes it can neither admit nor deny a request, it must Astate in detail why [it] cannot truthfully@ do so after Ait has made reasonable inquiry.@ Fed. R. Civ. P. 36(a)(4).
Cessna claims that in light of the breadth of the requests and the prospect that it may have to pour through a substantial number of documents in order to make an appropriate response to the requests, they are unduly burdensome. Cessna has not yet convincingly demonstrated that such a thorough search is necessary, or if so, the extent of the burden. Cessna=s counsel was able to provide specific information regarding how some of the earliest sales records were kept, to the extent that they still existed, but claimed not to have had the time to investigate the status of later records. Thus, we DEFER ruling on requests to admit 2 through 8 until Cessna provides a detailed declaration describing its burden in having to answer the requests. After receiving this declaration, we will weigh its contents against the benefit of the responses to Plaintiff in determining whether to grant or deny the remainder of the motion.
It is hereby further ORDERED that Cessna shall serve the answer to request to admit 1 and its declaration on Plaintiff and the Court by February 1, 2013.
BY THE COURT:
David R. Strawbridge