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James A. Rozell v. Susquehanna County Probation Department

January 15, 2013

JAMES A. ROZELL, PLAINTIFF,
v.
SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY PROBATION DEPARTMENT, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: A. Richard Caputo United States District Judge

(JUDGE CAPUTO)

(MAGISTRATE JUDGE MANNION)

MEMORANDUM

Presently before the Court are the Magistrate Judge's*fn1 Report and Recommendation ("R&R") (Doc. 43) and Plaintiff James Rozell's objections (Doc. 44). The Magistrate Judge recommends that the motions to dismiss filed by Defendant Susquehanna County Probation Department (Doc. 9) and Defendants Pennsylvania State Police and State Trooper Glen Whitney (Doc. 19) be granted because the Susquehanna County Probation Department and the Pennsylvania State Police are immune from suit under the Eleventh Amendment and Mr. Rozell's claims against Trooper Whitney are barred by the statute of limitations. For the reasons cited by the Magistrate Judge, the R&R will be adopted.

BACKGROUND

On May 13, 2011, Plaintiff James Rozell filed a complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Susquehanna County Probation Department, the Pennsylvania State Police, and State Trooper Glen Whitney, among others, alleging misconduct, harassment, false imprisonment, unlawful arrest, and false charges. (Doc. 1 at ¶¶ 85--86.) In addition to claiming emotional distress, loss of reputation, lost wages, and legal fees, Mr. Rozell requests $1 million "from the parties who are deemed responsible by the Court." (Id. at ¶¶ 88, 90.) On September 23, 2011, Defendant Susquehanna County Probation Department filed a motion to dismiss. (Doc. 9.) Defendants Pennsylvania State Police and Trooper Whitney filed a motion to dismiss on October 18, 2011. (Doc. 17.)

On July 2, 2012, the Magistrate Judge filed the instant R&R (Doc. 43) recommending that the motions to dismiss be granted. Mr. Rozell filed an objection to the R&R on July 17, 2012. (Doc. 44.) Thus, the R&R is ripe for disposition.

DISCUSSION

I. Legal Standard for Reviewing a Report and Recommendation

Where objections to the Magistrate Judge's report are filed, the court must conduct a de novo review of the contested portions of the report, Sample v. Diecks, 885 F.2d 1099, 1106 n.3 (3d Cir. 1989) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(c)), provided the objections are both timely and specific, Goney v. Clark, 749 F.2d 5, 6--7 (3d Cir. 1984). In making its de novo review, the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the factual findings or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Owens v. Beard, 829 F. Supp. 736, 738 (M.D. Pa. 1993). Although the review is de novo, the statute permits the court to rely on the recommendations of the magistrate judge to the extent it deems proper. See United States v. Raddatz, 447 U.S. 667, 675--76 (1980); Goney, 749 F.2d at 7; Ball v. United States Parole Comm'n, 849 F. Supp. 328, 330 (M.D. Pa. 1994). Uncontested portions of the report may be reviewed at a standard determined by the district court. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 154 (1985); Goney, 749 F.2d at 7. At the very least, the court should review uncontested portions for clear error or manifest injustice. See, e.g., Cruz v. Chater, 990 F. Supp. 375, 376--77 (M.D. Pa. 1998). As such, the Court reviews the portions of the R & R to which the petitioner objects de novo. The remainder of the R&R is reviewed for clear error.

II. Analysis

A. Susquehanna County Probation Department

The Magistrate Judge correctly determined that Mr. Rozell cannot assert a ยง 1983 claim against the Susquehanna County Probation Department because it is immune from suit under the Eleventh Amendment. The Supreme Court has interpreted the Eleventh Amendment as precluding suits by citizens against a state government. See, e.g., Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651, 662--63 (1974); see also U.S. CONST. amend. XI. The Eleventh Amendment also bars suits against state entities, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has specified that "Pennsylvania's judicial districts, including their probation and parole departments, are entitled to Eleventh Amendment immunity." Haybarger v. ...


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