January 4, 2013
ANTHONY M. TODARO, SR., AND LORI TODARO, HIS WIFE
UPPER MIFFLIN TOWNSHIP BOARD OF SUPERVISORS, VINCENT ELBEL, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS SEWAGE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER, DAWN M. SHUGHART, OAKTREE ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES, INC., SUCCESSOR TO AND T/D/B/A: DEW & SONS, DUANE WERT, SR., INDIVIDUALLY, LINDA WERT, INDIVIDUALLY, DUANE WERT, JR., DANNY WERT, INDIVIDUALLY AND DUSTIN WERT, INDIVIDUALLY AND COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, STATE REAL ESTATE COMMISSION AS ADMINISTRATOR OF THE REAL ESTATE RECOVERY FUND COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, STATE REAL ESTATE COMMISSION AS ADMINISTRATOR OF THE REAL ESTATE RECOVERY FUND, APPELLANT
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dan Pellegrini, President Judge
Argued: December 10, 2012
BEFORE: HONORABLE DAN PELLEGRINI, President Judge HONORABLE BONNIE BRIGANCE LEADBETTER, Judge (P.) HONORABLE P. KEVIN BROBSON, Judge
OPINION BY PRESIDENT JUDGE PELLEGRINI
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, State Real Estate Commission
(Commission), appeals from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of
Cumberland County (trial court) which ordered that Anthony Todaro,
Sr., and his wife, Lori Todaro (collectively, Purchasers) be
reimbursed from the Real Estate Recovery Fund (Fund), in accordance
with the Real Estate Licensing and Registration Act (Act),*fn1
for damages arising from fraudulent conduct as to the
condition of the septic system of a property owned and sold by Dawn
Shugart (Licensee). For the reasons that follow, we reverse.
Purchasers filed suit against the above-named parties for purported negligent action that resulted in Purchasers expending $30,050.10 on septic system repairs.*fn2 One of the defendants, Licensee, was a licensed real estate broker*fn3 who listed her own property for sale with her real estate company. Purchasers contended that Licensee fraudulently misrepresented that her septic system was in compliance when it was not. Because Licensee failed to respond, a default judgment was entered against her. Purchasers then filed their petition for payment from the Fund with the trial court. In support, they introduced the real estate seller disclosure form completed by Licensee which does not indicate any problem with the water supply, sewage system, or plumbing system. (Reproduced Record [R.R.], at 46a.)
The Commission opposed the petition on the basis that it was premature because Purchasers had not demonstrated: (1) that they obtained a final judgment, as required by Section 803(b)(3);*fn4 (2) that the judgment obtained was on the basis of fraud, misrepresentation, or deceit; (3) that the underlying transaction required a real estate license under the Act and that Licensee was acting as a real estate agent, not as a private seller, when she sold her home; and (4) that Purchasers had exhausted collection efforts.
The trial court granted Purchasers' petition in part, reasoning that the default judgment against Licensee was a final judgment and that it was irrelevant to this petition that litigation was ongoing against Corporate Defendants. As to whether the judgment was final against Licensee since damages had not yet been established, the trial court said that it would rectify that requirement by holding a hearing and fixing damages at that point. It also opined that the allegations of fraud in the complaint had been established because of the entry of default judgment and, despite the fact that Licensee was selling her own home, the requirement that the transaction was one for which a real estate license is required had been met because the home was listed through Licensee's real estate company. This appeal followed.*fn5
The Commission argues that the trial court erred in finding that there was a final judgment because, while there is a default judgment against Licensee, Rule 1037(b)(1) of the Pennsylvania Rules of Civil Procedure provides that, upon the entry of a default judgment, damages are to be assessed or a trial is to be held to determine the amount of damages; thus, default judgment can only be final once damages have been set. See also Estate of Considine v. Wachovia Bank, 966 A.2d 1148, 1152 (Pa. Super. 2009).*fn6 It argues that amount cannot be calculated yet because litigation is ongoing against other defendants who may be required to pay some or all of the damages being sought, making the "amount unpaid" with regard to Licensee impossible to determine at this juncture. See 63 P.S. §455.803(a). Citing Murphy v. Today's Properties, Ltd., 673 A.2d 6 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1996), Purchasers contend all that is required is "a default judgment which has been obtained pursuant to a civil complaint that sufficiently alleges fraud, misrepresentation or deceit with reference to any transaction covered under the Act satisfies the final judgment aspect of [S]section 803." Murphy, 673 A.2d at 21.
Contrary to Purchasers' contention, Murphy does not provide that merely a default judgment is necessary to proceed against the Commission, without regard as to whether money damages have been assessed. In that case, the amount owed had been stipulated to by the Commission and a sum certain was already established. Here, the Commission has not agreed as to the amount of damages, and damages have not yet been assessed against Licensee or any of the other named parties; the potential liability of other defendants to the litigation has to be determined before payout from the Fund will be feasible. Until damages are determined in the underlying proceeding, not in an ancillary proceeding, such as this one, Purchasers cannot maintain this action because the default judgment is not final.*fn7
Accordingly, for the forgoing reasons, we reverse the decision of the trial court.
IN THE COMMONWEALTH COURT OF PENNSYLVANIA
Anthony M. Todaro, Sr., and Lori : Todaro, His Wife : : v. : : Upper Mifflin Township Board of : Supervisors, Vincent Elbel, : Individually and as Sewage : Enforcement Officer, Dawn M. : Shughart, Oaktree Environmental : Services, Inc., Successor to and t/d/b/a: Dew & Sons, Duane Wert, Sr., : Individually, Linda Wert, : Individually, Duane Wert, Jr., Danny : Wert, Individually and Dustin Wert, : Individually and Commonwealth of : Pennsylvania, State Real Estate : Commission as Administrator of the : Real Estate Recovery Fund : : Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, : State Real Estate Commission : as Administrator of the Real Estate : Recovery Fund, : Appellant :
No. 1123 C.D. 2012
AND NOW, this 4th day of January, 2013, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Cumberland County, dated May 29, 2012, is reversed and the judgment in favor of Anthony M. Todaro, Sr., and Lori Todaro, and against the State Real Estate Commission, Real Estate Recovery Fund, is reversed.
DAN PELLEGRINI, President Judge