December 21, 2012
RESCHIDA MCKINLEY, APPELLANT
HOUSING AUTHORITY OF THE CITY OF PITTSBURGH
The opinion of the court was delivered by: James Gardner Colins, Senior Judge
Argued: November 13, 2012
BEFORE: HONORABLE ROBERT SIMPSON, Judge
HONORABLE PATRICIA A. McCULLOUGH, Judge HONORABLE JAMES GARDNER COLINS, Senior Judge
OPINION BY SENIOR JUDGE COLINS
Reschida McKinley (Applicant) appeals from the December 23, 2011 order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County (trial court), wherein the Honorable Judith L.A. Friedman dismissed her appeal from the denial of her application for low-income public housing (LIPH) with the Housing Authority of the City of Pittsburgh (HACP).
Applicant filed her appeal to the trial court pursuant to the Local Agency Law, 2 Pa. C.S. §§551-555, 751-754, which provides that "[a]ny person aggrieved by an adjudication of a local agency.shall have the right to appeal therefrom to the court vested with jurisdiction of such appeals." 2 Pa. C.S. §752 (emphasis added). An "adjudication" is defined in relevant part as "[a]ny final order, decree, decision, determination or ruling by an agency affecting personal or property rights.of any.parties to the proceeding in which the adjudication is made." 2 Pa. C.S. §101 (emphasis added).
On May 5, 2011, Applicant's application for LIPH with HACP was denied on the basis of her criminal background check, which revealed a 2002 conviction for involuntary manslaughter. Under HACP's stated Admissions and Occupancy Policy, an applicant with a conviction for involuntary manslaughter is ineligible, and is denied participation in the LIPH program for life. (Record, Transcript of Recording, Grievance Hearing, June 29, 2011, at 3, 5.) Applicant appealed the denial and HACP held a grievance hearing, where Applicant appeared and testified. The hearing officer upheld the denial of her application. Applicant filed a timely appeal, and the trial court, by order dated December 23, 2011, dismissed her appeal on the basis that it lacked jurisdiction under the Local Agency Law to review the matter. This appeal followed.*fn1
The trial court ruled that the denial of Applicant's application was not appealable under Cope v. Bethlehem Housing Authority, 514 A.2d 295, 296-7 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1986).*fn2 The trial court stated that, in Cope, this Court "distinguished between individuals making an application for public housing, and "those who already are public housing tenants [who] undoubtedly possess a property interest entitling them to a full panoply of due process protection, including the use of a hearing examiner to receive and consider evidence, and subsequent judicial review." (March 21, 2012 Opinion of the trial court at 1 (quoting Cope).) Because this Court concluded, in Cope, that a denial of a housing application is not an "adjudication" from which a right of appeal lies because an applicant for public housing has no personal or property right*fn3 in the housing for which he applied, the trial court denied Applicant's appeal.
On appeal to this Court, Applicant argues that we should not follow Cope, but look instead to the ruling of our Supreme Court in Guthrie v. Wilkinsburg, 505 Pa. 249, 478 A.2d 1279 (1984), for guidance. In Guthrie, police officers cited the Local Agency Law as the basis for their appeal to the lower court following a police investigation that resulted in warning letters being placed in their personnel files; the Supreme Court found that although the police officers had an enforceable property interest in their continued employment, no property right was implicated in that case, where they were not removed or suspended, but simply warned about inappropriate conduct, and the act was not an "adjudication" from which an appeal could be taken. Guthrie,505 Pa. at 256, 478 A.2d at 1282. Applicant argues that Cope is flawed because our Court there analyzed the level of due process protections afforded housing applicants, and found that since those protections were not as abundant as those afforded participants already in public housing, the applicants did not have a property interest sufficient to invoke judicial review. (Applicant's Brief at 5.) Applicant maintains that Guthrie directs us to determine whether or not a property right was created under the federal due process protections, not the level of due process protections provided, and that under this standard, federal case law is clear that applicants for federal housing assistance have a property right in LIPH. (Applicant's Brief at 10.)
We note, first, that Cope squarely addressed the issue of whether the appellants there possessed the requisite property interest based upon their entitlement to have their application considered in accordance, inter alia, with federal regulations, and determined that their interest did not rise to the level of establishing a cognizable property interest. Cope, 514 A.2d at 296. The appellants in Cope averred that their property interest was predicated upon due process; the Court did not ignore the appellants' right to due process, but simply stated that "due process" does not lend itself to reference as a property interest. Id. at 296 n.5. We find no conflict with our Supreme Court's analysis in Guthrie.
Applicant argues that federal law, the governing regulations, and HACP's own rules and regulations create a reasonable expectation of entitlement, and alleges that federal courts have supported this conclusion.*fn4 (Applicant's Reply Brief at 2.) HACP counters that Applicant has established no basis for a reasonable expectation of entitlement to LIPH, noting that she had not been granted housing, her application did not result in any vested interest that she would receive housing, and no statute provided that she would receive housing if she satisfied particular criteria. (HACP's Brief at 5.) Applicant cites a number of federal cases to support her contention that an applicant has a property interest in public housing.*fn5
However, the United States Supreme Court has not yet decided that an applicant for public benefits, as opposed to a recipient of such benefits, has a protected property interest (see Lyng v. Payne, 476 U.S. 926, 942 (1986)) and the decisions of inferior federal courts are not binding on Pennsylvania state courts, even when a federal question is involved. Werner v. Plater-Zyberk, 799 A.2d 776, 782 (Pa. Super.), appeal denied, 569 Pa. 722, 806 A.2d 862 (2002). We find, therefore, that our ruling in Cope is controlling and consistent with Pennsylvania case law. Accordingly, we affirm the trial court's order.
IN THE COMMONWEALTH COURT OF PENNSYLVANIA
Reschida McKinley, : Appellant : : v. Housing Authority of the City of : Pittsburgh :
: No. 211 C.D. 2012 :
AND NOW, this 21st day of December, 2012, the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County is AFFIRMED.
JAMES GARDNER COLINS, Senior Judge