The opinion of the court was delivered by: Slomsky, J.
On April 6, 2011, Plaintiff Brenda Stewart ("Plaintiff") filed a Complaint against Defendant Michael J. Astrue, Commissioner of the Social Security Administration ("Commissioner" or "Defendant"). (Doc. No. 3.) In the Complaint, Plaintiff seeks judicial review, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), of Defendant's final decision denying her claim for supplemental security income ("SSI") under Title XVI of the Social Security Act ("Act"). On May 31, 2012, United States Magistrate Judge David R. Strawbridge filed a Report (Doc. No. 16.) recommending that this Court deny Plaintiff's Request for Review and enter judgment in favor of the Commissioner and against Plaintiff.
Before this Court are Plaintiff's Objections to Judge Strawbridge's Report and Recommendation (Doc. No. 17). Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), this Court will make a de novo determination of the portions of the Report and Recommendation to which objections have been made. After an independent review of the record and for reasons that follow, this Court finds that Plaintiff's objections either lack merit or the errors alleged are harmless, and will adopt and approve the Report and Recommendation.
On September 5, 2007, Plaintiff filed an application for SSI, alleging disability beginning January 1, 2005. (Administrative Record ("Admin. R.") at 9.) On January 25, 2008, Plaintiff's claim was denied. (Id.) On February 20, 2008, Plaintiff filed a written request for a hearing pursuant to 20 CFR § 416.1429 et seq. (Id.) Plaintiff's request was granted and on September 8, 2009, Plaintiff, represented by counsel, appeared before Owen B. Katzman, Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ").*fn1 (Id. at 9, 17.) Plaintiff and Steven H. Gumerman, "an impartial vocational expert," testified at the hearing. (Id. at 9.)
On October 29, 2009, Judge Katzman, pursuant to the sequential
evaluation process applicable to a claim of disability,*fn2
issued a decision denying Plaintiff's claim.
(Admin. R. at 9-17.) Thereafter, Plaintiff requested a review of Judge Katzman's ruling. On February 11, 2011, the Appeals Council denied Plaintiff's request, making Judge Katzman's decision the final decision of the Commissioner. (Id. at 1-3.)
On May 5, 2011, Plaintiff filed her Complaint in this Court against the Commissioner.
(Doc. No. 3.) After both parties submitted briefs and documents in accordance with this Court's Procedural Order of April 6, 2011 (Doc. No. 4.), this Court referred the matter to United States Magistrate Judge David R. Strawbridge for a Report and Recommendation. (Doc. No. 14.) On May 31, 2012, Judge Strawbridge filed his Report and Recommendation. (Doc. No. 16.) On June 18, 2012, Plaintiff filed Objections. (Doc. No. 17.) As discussed above, this Court must now "make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made. [This Court] may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
When a District Court reviews a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security, the Court must determine whether the record shows substantial evidence to support the Commissioner's decision. 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g), 1383(c)(3). In making this decision, the Court reviews whether there is substantial evidence to support the Commissioner's finding that the plaintiff is not disabled. Substantial evidence is defined as "more than a mere scintilla . . . [and includes] such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion." Cherry v. Barnhart, 29 F. App'x 898, 901 (3d Cir. 2002) (quoting Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 407 (1971)). "The findings of the Commissioner of Social Security as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive . . . ." 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
An ALJ, rendering a decision on behalf of the Commissioner, must set out a specific factual basis for each finding. Baerga v. Richardson, 500 F.2d 309, 312 (3d Cir. 1974), cert. denied, 420 U.S. 931 (1975). The ALJ "must consider all the evidence and give some reason for discounting the evidence [the ALJ] rejects." Ray v. Astrue, 649 F. Supp. 2d 391, 402 (E.D. Pa. 2009) (quoting Adorno v. Shalala, 40 F.3d 43, 48 (3d Cir. 1994)). Although the ALJ need not make reference to every relevant medical note in a voluminous medical record, the court expects the ALJ, as the fact finder, to consider and evaluate the medical evidence in the record consistent with his responsibilities under the regulations and case law. See Reefer v. Barnhart, 326 F.3d 376, 381-82 (3d Cir. 2003). Simply referring to "the record" as a whole is insufficient. Abshire v. Bowen, 662 F. Supp. 8, 9 (E.D. Pa. 1986). See also Carter v. Apfel, 220 F. Supp. 2d 393, 397 (M.D. Pa. 2000).
A claimant proves she has a "disability" when she demonstrates a medically determinable basis for an impairment that prevents her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity ("SGA") for a statutory 12-month period. 42 U.S.C. § 412(d)(1). In order to determine if a claimant possesses an impairment that prevents her from engaging in any substantial gainful activity, an ALJ uses a five-step process:
(i) At the first step, we consider your work activity, if any. If you are doing substantial gainful activity, we will find that you are not disabled.
(ii) At the second step, we consider the medical severity of your impairment(s). If you do not have a severe medically determinable physical or mental impairment that meets the duration requirement in § 404.1509, or a combination of impairments that is severe and meets the duration requirement, we will find that you are not disabled.
(iii) At the third step, we also consider the medical severity of your impairment(s). If you have an impairment(s) that meets or equals one of the listings in appendix 1 of this subpart and meets the duration requirement, we will find that you are disabled.
(iv) At the fourth step, we consider our assessment of your residual functional capacity and your past relevant work. If you can still do your past relevant work, we will find that you are not disabled.
(v) At the fifth and last step, we consider our assessment of your residual functional capacity and your age, education, and work experience to see if you can make an adjustment to other work. If you can make an adjustment to other work, we will find that you are not disabled. If you cannot make an adjustment to other work, we will find that you are disabled.
20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a)(4)(i)-(v).
A. Plaintiff's History and Characteristics*fn3
Plaintiff was born on February 11, 1957 and is 55 years of age. (Admin. R. at 42.) Plaintiff is unmarried, has two children, and lives in a one story home with her boyfriend in West Chester, Pennsylvania. (Id. at 21, 27, 158.) She dropped out of school after the 11th grade to care for her ill mother. (Id. at 21.) In the past, Plaintiff has worked as a waitress, cashier, and a cleaning person, but lacks a good memory concerning the dates of her employment. (Id. at 28, 32, 34.) Except for limited periods of time, Plaintiff has not worked much. (Id. at 21-22.) The Social Security earnings record indicates Plaintiff last had limited earnings in 2001 and 2002. (Id. at 31.) She receives public assistance as well as help from her boyfriend to pay bills. (Id. at 21.)
Plaintiff's son passed away in 1986 which caused her to go into a deep depression. (Amin. R. at 22.) All these years Plaintiff has never seen a psychiatrist or gone to a mental health clinic, despite taking an assortment of depression medication. (Id.) Instead, Plaintiff relies on a compassionate friend to cope with the loss of her son. (Id.) Moreover, Plaintiff complains of pain throughout her entire back as well as in her legs. (Id.) Due to the leg and back pain, Plaintiff cannot walk long distances. (Id. at 26.) Plaintiff also claims to have difficulty standing longer than 30 minutes at a time. (Id.)
While no doctor has placed a restriction on the amount of weight she may lift, Plaintiff stated that she has difficulty lifting objects over 10 pounds. (Id.) Bending over to pick something up causes her pain, as does climbing stairs. (Id. at 27.) Plaintiff spends her days reading and doing crossword puzzles. (Admin. R. at 29.) She visits her ill mother three times a week and helps her by taking her shopping and to the doctor. (Id.)
B. Testimony of the Vocational Expert
Vocational Expert ("VE") Dr. Steven H. Gumerman testified at Plaintiff's administrative hearing. (Admin. R. at 32.) He characterized Plaintiff's past waitress and cashier work as semi-skilled and requiring light exertion. (Id. at 33-34.) The VE characterized her cleaning work as unskilled but also requiring only light exertion. (Id. at 34.) The ALJ posed the following hypothetical to the VE:
Let's assume we have a person of the same age, education and experience as Ms. Stewart. Let's assume that this hypothetical person is limited to light work. . .. She can occasionally climb, balance, stoop, ...