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William Rigney & Gmgroup, Ltd. v. Minmetals

October 22, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Slomsky, J.



Before the Court are two motions: 1) Defendant Minmetals, Inc.'s Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Complaint or Stay and Compel Arbitration or, In the Alternative, to Transfer Venue ("Defendant's Motion to Dismiss") (Doc. No. 6), and 2) Plaintiffs' Cross Motion for a Trial by Jury and Stay of Arbitration, Pending such Trial ("Plaintiffs' Cross Motion") (Doc. No. 8).

On April 30, 2012, Plaintiffs William Rigney ("Plaintiff Rigney") and GMGroup, Ltd. ("Plaintiff GMGroup") (collectively referred to as "Plaintiffs"), filed a Complaint against Defendant Minmetals, Inc. ("Defendant") in the Court of Common Pleas of Chester County. (Doc. No. 1-1 ¶ 5.)*fn1 Plaintiffs' claims arise out of an employment relationship with Defendant, during which the parties entered into multiple written agreements. At the heart of this dispute is the question of which of the writings governs. Defendant Minmetals contends that the parties are bound by the January 2009 writing (the "Initial Contract") (Doc. No. 1-1, Ex. A) and the July 2009 writing (the "Second Contract"). (Id., Ex. C.) The Initial Contract, effective January 1, 2009, contains a "Jurisdiction and Forum Selection" provision. The Second Contract, effective July 1, 2009, states "[t]his agreement is additional [sic] to the current agreement between Bill Rigney and Minmetals Inc." (Id.) Plaintiff, on the other hand, alleges that the September 2010 writing (the "Third Contract") is the only valid contract between the parties. There are two drafts of the Third Contract which are essentially similar in their content except for the amount of compensation and bonus to be paid to Rigney. Both drafts of the Third Contract, attached to Plaintiffs' Complaint, are effective July 1, 2012 and state "[t]his agreement will replace the agreement between Bill Rigney and Minmetals Inc. From July 2009." (Id., Ex. E, F.) Defendant disputes the validity of the Third Contract.

The Complaint alleges the following causes of action against Defendant: (1) a violation of the Wage Payment and Collection Law, 43 Pa. Cons. Stat. 260.1 et seq.(Id. 1-1 ¶¶ 25-45); (2) a breach of contract by Defendant based on the Third Contract (Id. ¶¶ 46-50);*fn2 and (3) a declaration that only the Third Contract is valid. (Id. ¶¶ 51-56.)

On May 24, 2012, following removal of this matter to federal court, Defendant Minmetals filed the instant Motion to Dismiss, relying on the arbitration and forum selection clauses contained in the Initial Contract and the Second Contract. (Doc. No. 6.) In response, Plaintiffs filed a Reply to Defendant's Motion to Dismiss and a Cross Motion for a Trial by Jury and Stay of Arbitration, Pending Such Trial. (Doc. No. 8.) Additional reply briefs were submitted by both parties. (Doc. Nos. 9, 10.) On July 12, 2012, a hearing was held on Defendant's Motion to Dismiss and Plaintiffs' Cross Motion. (Doc. No. 21.)

For reasons that follow, this Court will grant Defendant's request to transfer venue to the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.*fn3


Plaintiff, William Rigney, is a Pennsylvania resident. (Doc. No. 1-1 ¶ 1.) Plaintiff GMGroup, LTD is a Pennsylvania corporation using the fictitious name Global Marketing Group.*fn4 (Id. ¶ 2.) Defendant Minmetals is a New Jersey corporation engaged in the sale of minerals and metals, including specialty products such as rare earth chemicals. (Doc. No. 6 at 2.) Plaintiffs' claims arise out of an employment relationship between the parties.

In January and February 2009, Plaintiff GMGroup*fn5 and Defendant entered into the Initial Contract which had an Addendum. (Doc. No. 1-1, Exs. A and B.) The Initial Contract engaged Plaintiffs as independent contractors to handle sales of Defendant's products on a commission basis. It was signed on January 23 and February 6, 2009 by a representative of Defendant Minmetals and Plaintiff Rigney, respectively.*fn6 (Id., Ex. A.) The Addendum was signed in late 2009*fn7 by a representative of Defendant Minmetals and Plaintiff Rigney on behalf of Global Marketing Group, respectively. (Id., Ex. B.)

The Initial Contract had a two year term, which automatically terminated in January 2011 unless it was extended by both parties in writing. (Id., Ex. A at 4-5.) The contract provisions governing the term and termination of the agreement provide:

4.1. Term. The term of this Agreement shall be Two year(s) from the date of this Agreement (the "Term"). The Term may be extended upon mutual agreement of the parties hereto, for up to a period of one additional two year Terms [sic] upon mutual agreement of the parties to this Agreement. To be effective, such agreement must be in a signed writing or reflected in an authenticated electronic or digital communication.

4.2. Termination By Either Party. This Agreement may be terminated by Representative by giving written notice to MINMETALS at least one hundred eighty (180) days before the date of expiration of this Agreement or any extension thereof. MINMETALS may terminate this Agreement at any time by giving Representative at least one hundred eighty (180) days prior written notice of its intention to terminate. To be effective notice must be unequivocal and must signify the terminating party's intention to terminate.

No indemnity, damages or other compensation shall be payable to either party on account of such termination. (Id., Ex. A at 4.) In addition, Section 10 of the Initial Contract sets forth what constitutes effective notice, and provides contact information for both parties to whom notice should be sent as well as the following condition:

Any correspondence or notice required to be given under this Agreement shall be deemed given when delivered, if delivered, or given three (3) business days after it was dispatched by registered or express mail, postage prepaid, to the address shown above or to such other address as to which the addresses shall have given written notice. (Id., Ex. A at 7, ¶ 10.) The Initial Contract also contains the following provisions requiring arbitration if the parties cannot reach an amicable resolution.

11.1. If a dispute arises between the MINMETALS and the Representative or its principals, the parties shall cause their senior executive officers to meet to attempt an amicable resolution. If an amicable resolution cannot be made within 30 days (or such longer period as the parties may agree upon) following receipt of a notice from a party that a dispute exists, then the provisions of Section 11.2 shall apply.

11.2. Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to this Agreement, or any purchase order hereunder, or the formation or breach hereof or thereof, shall be determined by arbitration before a panel of three neutral arbitrators administered by the International Centre for Dispute Resolution in accordance with its International Arbitration Rules. The place of arbitration shall be Weehawken, New Jersey, the language of the arbitration shall be English and judgment upon any awards may be entered in any court having jurisdiction. The arbitrators shall have the power to grant restraining orders, injunctions and other forms of equitable relief and to permit reasonable pre-hearing discovery and may enter interim awards as they deem appropriate. If any one or more of the arbitrators shall resign, die or become incapacitated, the remaining arbitrators may continue the proceedings and may render an award on behalf of the panel. If all of the appointed arbitrators resign, become incapacitated or die, then the appointing authority shall appoint three successors to continue and conclude the proceedings and render an award. (Id., Ex. A at 7.) Additionally, the Initial Contract's integration clause provides:

13.5 Entire Agreement, No Amendments or Waivers. This Agreement, together with the Exhibits constitutes the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the Products and the services of Representative. Any and all of the prior agreements or understandings between the parties, whether oral or written, with respect to the subject matter hereof are canceled. Failure of either party at any time to require strict performance of any provisions hereof shall not affect its right to require full performance thereof at any time thereafter. The waiver by either party of a breach of any provision shall not constitute a waiver of any subsequent breach thereof or nullify the effect of such provision. Representative acknowledges that it is not relying upon any statement or representation by MINMETALS other than this Agreement. Oral amendments, oral waivers and purported oral terminations are void. The parties have negotiated this Agreement in good faith and no adverse inference shall be drawn against any party for its part in the drafting or revisions to this Agreement. All Exhibits to this Agreement and Recitals are incorporated herein by reference and are part of this Agreement.

(Id., Ex. A at 8.) Finally, the Initial Contract includes a forum selection clause, which provides that the contract terms are construed under New Jersey law and that the parties consent to exclusive jurisdiction in New Jersey state and federal courts. The provision states as follows:

13.6 Jurisdiction and Forum Selection. This Agreement shall be construed in accordance with and governed by the United States Arbitration Act, and the laws of the State of New Jersey, excluding any law or rule that might cause the application of the laws of any other jurisdiction. The parties consent to the exclusive jurisdiction of the state and federal courts sitting in New Jersey and agree that such courts shall have the authority to grant and enter orders and judgments in aid of arbitration, including, without limitation, ...

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