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Michael Dillon Cruz v. Richard L. Southers

October 22, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. John E. Jones III


On July 19, 2012, Plaintiff Michael Dillon Cruz ("Plaintiff" or "Cruz"), a state inmate presently confined at the State Correctional Institution Rockview ("SCI Rockview") in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, initiated the above action pro se by filing a civil rights Complaint under the provisions of 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Doc. 1.) By Order dated August 30, 2012, this case was dismissed without prejudice as a result of Plaintiff's failure to fully comply with our July 23, 2012 Administrative Order directing him either to pay the $350.00 filing fee or file a properly completed and signed application to proceed in forma pauperis and authorization form within thirty (30) days. (Doc. 6.) However, following Cruz's submission on October 3, 2012 of the properly completed paperwork to request in forma pauperis status, by Order dated October 4, 2012, this case was re-opened. (Doc. 8.)

Based upon Cruz's request for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, this case currently is before the Court for screening under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915. For the reasons set forth below, the Complaint will be dismissed with prejudice under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.


Named as Defendants in the Complaint are Richard L. Southers, the Superintendent of the State Correctional Institution Camp Hill ("SCI Camp Hill") in Camp Hill, Pennsylvania; Paula Palmer, the Clerk of Court of Venango County; Marie T. Veon, an Assistant District Attorney in Venango County; Judge Robert L. Boyer of the Venango County Court of Common Pleas; the Supervisor of the Butler County Social Security Administration; the Pennsylvania State Police Department Supervisor; and the Department of Motor Vehicles Supervisor.

In this action, Cruz seeks $185 million dollars in damages based upon his claim that Defendants have wrongfully failed to investigate his true Social Security Number and name, thereby allowing him to be convicted, sentenced, and confined for crimes that he did not commit. He specifically alleges as follows:

After Cruz's mother gave birth to him at Interfaith Hospital in Brooklyn, New York, she failed to register him with the Department responsible for issuing birth certificates before leaving the hospital. (Doc. 1 at 3 ¶ 4.) Subsequently, Cruz's step-father, whose last name is Ortiz, decided to illegally change Cruz's name from "Michael Cruz" to "Michael Dillon Ortiz" and also made up a Social Security Number for Cruz. (Id. ¶ 5.) Cruz then began a "new life as an illegal individual in the United States", and he was listed under this made up name and Social Security Number by the federal government, Department of Corrections, Motor Vehicle Department, and "local State Police Department." (Id. ¶ 6.) However, the Social Security Administration refused to accept the number provided by Cruz, informing him that it belonged to "another older gentleman with a totally different name." (Id. at 3-4 ¶ 6.)

Cruz alleges that he has an arrest record under the "false name and wrong social security number." (Id. at 4 ¶ 7.) He claims that he has been falsely convicted and imprisoned for a crime that he did not commit because of the "laziness" of Defendants in failing to check his Social Security Number and name. (Id. ¶ 8.) In particular, he blames the Social Security Administration for failing to do their job by assisting him in obtaining the "right social security number" (id. at 5 ¶ 9); the Acting Chief Clerk of the Venango County Court of Common Pleas for not checking Cruz's identification, and instead just "typing up the information that was submitted to her from a [police officer]" (id. ¶ 10); the Superintendent of SCI Camp Hill for accepting the Commitment Sheet from the Venango County Clerk and sentencing judge and not instructing his employees to run a check of Cruz's identity on a national database (id. at 6 ¶ 11); the Assistant District Attorney who prosecuted his case for just accepting information about Cruz's identity from a local police department and prosecuting the wrong individual (id. ¶ 12); and the sentencing judge for failing to verify information before convicting him (id. at 7 ¶ 13).

In addition, Cruz seeks to impose liability on the "Butler County Social Security Administration" for failing to assist him in obtaining a Social Security card (id. ¶ 14); the Pennsylvania State Police Department for failing to verify information to check Cruz's identity (id. ¶ 15); and the Pennsylvania Department of Motor Vehicles for failing to provide an identification for Cruz "to join the Military, enter College, have a fruitful job to care for his self [sic] and to live a fruitful life in the community" (id. ¶ 16).


Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii), a federal court must dismiss a case filed in forma pauperis if the court determines that the complaint "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted." In reviewing the legal sufficiency of a complaint, the Court must accept the truth of the plaintiff's factual allegations. Morrison v. Madison Dearborn Capital Partners III L.P., 463 F.3d 312, 314 (3d Cir. 2006). The controlling question is whether the complaint "alleges enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007) (rejecting the "no set of facts" language from Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957)); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009).

"While a complaint attacked by a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss does not need detailed factual allegations, a plaintiff's obligation to provide the 'grounds' of his 'entitle[ment] to relief' requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of a cause of action's elements will not do." Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (citation omitted). To survive a motion to dismiss, the factual allegations in the complaint "must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Id.

Pro se pleadings are to be construed liberally, Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972), and pro se litigants are to be granted leave to file a curative amended complaint "even when a plaintiff does not seek leave to amend . . . unless such an amendment would be inequitable or futile." Alston v. Parker, 363 F.3d 229, 235 (3d Cir. 2004). However, a complaint that sets forth facts which affirmatively demonstrate that the plaintiff has no right to ...

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