The opinion of the court was delivered by: Tucker, J.
Presently before this Court is Defendant's Motion For Reconsideration of Denial of Suppression Motion and for a Frank's Hearing (Doc. 100) and the Government's Response in Opposition thereto (Doc. 103). For the reasons that follow, Defendant's motion is denied.
On September 23, 2010, Defendant Adam Scott ("Defendant" or "Scott") was arrested on a Complaint and warrant. Defendant was charged by Indictment (Doc. 9) on October 13, 2010 and arraigned on October 28, 2010. On December 8, 2010, the Government filed a Superseding Indictment (Doc. 14) which added Vincent Marchant as a co-defendant. In the Superseding Indictment, Defendant was charged with five counts for conspiracy to distribute 500 grams or more of cocaine and 28 grams or more of crack cocaine in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846 (Count One); distribution of 28 grams or more of crack cocaine in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) (Count Seven); possession with intent to distribute crack cocaine in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) (Count Nine); possession of a firearm in furtherance of drug trafficking in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1) (Count Ten); and possession of a firearm by a convicted felon in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) (Count Eleven). Defendant and Marchant were arraigned on the Superseding Indictment on January 6, 2011. The alleged facts giving rise to Defendant's indictment are as follows.
II. Factual Background and Procedural History
As set forth in the search warrant affidavit, in April 2010, the West Chester Police Department and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) obtained authorization to conduct a wiretap on a telephone utilized by Vincent Marchant. This wiretap, specifically conversations intercepted in April and May 2010, revealed that defendant Adam Scott was one of Marchant's main sources of cocaine.
On June 2, 2010, a Pennsylvania State search warrant was executed on Marchant's residence in West Chester, Pennsylvania, and officers seized approximately eleven ounces of powder cocaine and one ounce of crack cocaine along with digital scales and packaging material. Marchant was arrested and, shortly thereafter, he made a post-Miranda statement in which he admitted that he had been selling cocaine for the past 18 months and identified Scott as one of his suppliers.
On September 16, 2010, at approximately 8:13 p.m., West Chester Police Officers saw a 2001 black Buick sedan (with Pennsylvania registration # HHR9404) with tinted windows and a broken tail light driving eastbound on West Chestnut Street. The Buick was being driven by Scott and had no other passengers. The officers stopped the Buick, and Scott gave them his verbal consent to search the vehicle. At approximately 8:30 p.m., an officer arrived at the scene with a K-9 dog trained in the detection of narcotics. The dog alerted to the presence of narcotics in the Buick's trunk and its drivers side dashboard. Upon further inspection, officers found what appeared to be an electronically controlled trigger, possibly for a hidden compartment in the driver's side dashboard of the car. The officers released Scott and secured the Buick while waiting to obtain a warrant to search the vehicle.
At approximately 10:57 p.m. that same evening, a confidential informant ("CI"), whose past information had proven to be accurate and reliable, told the DEA that the CI had assisted Scott in Scott's drug trafficking. The CI also said that Scott had told him that the police had stopped his vehicle and discovered the secret compartment in the car. Scott also told the CI that Scott was hiding his drugs in his apartment, and that Scott was going to the Spare Rib bar located at 135 East Gay Street in West Chester with drug proceeds (in the form of U.S. currency) on his person. The CI had previously told law enforcement that Scott lived at 215 North Everhart Rd., Apt. 2C, West Chester, Pennsylvania. In addition, in the course of the investigation, agents and other law enforcement officers saw Scott's vehicle parked in front of that address.
The DEA then passed the information received from the CI to the West Chester Police Department, which in turn provided the information to Officer Josh Lee. At approximately 11:14 p.m., Officer Lee saw Scott inside of the Spare Rib bar. Lee stopped and frisked Scott, and recovered $960 from Scott's person. Scott was arrested, and search of his person incident to the arrest resulted in the recovery of an Ipod Touch, an LG Metro PSC cellular telephone, and a Sanyo Redimobile PCS cellular telephone.
On September 16, 2010, Chief Magistrate Judge Thomas J. Rueter signed warrants authorizing the government to search Scott's residence at 215 North Everhart Road, Apt. 2C, West Chester, Pennsylvania, as well as Scott's vehicle (the 2001 black Buick sedan with Pennsylvania registration # HHR9404) and the Ipod and cell phones recovered from Scott's person incident to his arrest.
The agents entered the residence using a key recovered from Scott at the time of his arrest. Inside the apt, agents found $29, 689 in United States Currency, jewelry appraised at approximately $15,000, and a loaded gun hidden underneath a set of drawers in the defendant's bedroom. Also in his bedroom, agents recovered crack cocaine and marijuana from a back pack, and numerous small blue and yellow zip lock baggies which are known to be used to package and distribute drugs. The crack cocaine from the back pack was packaged in two knotted clear plastic bags and weighed 10.7 grams, and the marijuana was packaged in five plastic knotted bags, and weighed 62.3 grams. In the kitchen inside a cabinet, agents recovered a pyrex pot which contained crack cocaine which weighed 4.1 grams, a digital scale, and two boxes of baking soda which is a well-known cutting agent for the preparation of crack cocaine. Also recovered from the apartment were numerous documents in the name of Adam Scott, including a Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole Violation Warning, dated September 15, 2010.
On January 13, 2011, Defendant filed a Motion to Suppress Evidence (Doc. 22). On January 28, 2011, the Government filed a Response in Opposition thereto (Doc. 28). On February 4, 2011, Defendant filed a Motion to Compel the Production of the Identity of the Alleged Informant (Doc. 30). The Government filed a Response in Opposition thereto (Doc. 40) on February 14, 2011. On April 15, 2011, the court denied ...