IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
June 29, 2012
WILLIAM KENNETH MILLER, PLAINTIFF,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Baylson, J.
On December 30, 2011, United States Magistrate Judge David R. Strawbridge filed a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") (ECF No. 15.) recommending that the final decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration be vacated and this matter be remanded to the Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") for further consideration. (R&R at 20.) On January 12, 2012, Plaintiff William Kenneth Miller ("Miller") filed objections to the R&R (ECF No. 16.) arguing that Judge Strawbridge improperly upheld (1) the ALJ's evaluation of Miller's subjective complaints; and (2) the ALJ's reliance on the vocational expert's testimony. (Pl.'s Objections at 1-2.) For the reasons discussed below, the court will affirm and adopt Judge Strawbridge's R&R and remand this case for further proceedings.
I. Factual and Procedural Background*fn1
Miller worked for more than thirty years as a teacher and later as a school administrator. (R. 28-29.)After retiring from full-time employment in June 2005, Miller worked as a teacher at a local college on a part-time basis until May 2008. (R. 146.) On July 6, 2009, the date of Miller's hearing before the ALJ, he was 58 years old. (R. 25.) In his application for social security benefits, Miller alleged that he was disabled, beginning in May 2008, due to chronic hip pain, failed bilateral hip replacements, lumbar spine impairment, diabetes mellitus, depression, hypertension, restless leg syndrome, hyperlipidemia, insomnia, and hypothyroidism. (R. 58, 98, 102.) Miller contends that these impairments result in difficulties "sitting, standing, or walking for long periods of time," "get[ting] fatigued fast and often," and "concentrat[ing] or focus[ing] for long periods of time." (R. 111.)
On August 10, 2009, the ALJ issued a decision denying Miller's application for benefits. (R. 4.) On March 25, 2010, Miller's request for an appeal was denied. Id.
Miller requested review of the administrative decision in this Court pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 705(g), contending that the ALJ failed to (1) "properly evaluate the medical evidence," (2) "properly evaluate Miller's subjective complaints," and (3) "show that there are jobs in the local and national economies that [Miller] can perform." (Pl. Br. at 3, ECF No. 10.) This case was referred to United States Magistrate Judge David R. Strawbridge for an R&R. In his December 30, 2011 R&R, Judge Strawbridge concluded that the ALJ's failure to comment on medical evidence of depression constitutes reversible error, and recommended remand to the Commissioner for further consideration. (R&R at 20.) Judge Strawbridge recommended that the ALJ's decision be otherwise upheld, while recognizing that "the ALJ's decision would have benefitted from further elaboration on why he discredited [Miller's] subjective complaints." (Id. at 16-17, 19.) The Commissioner has filed no objections to the R&R; Miller's objections are discussed below.
A. Jurisdiction and Standard of Review The ALJ had jurisdiction under 42 U.S.C. § 405(b). This court has jurisdiction under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
When an objection to an R&R is filed, the court reviews de novo the portions of the R&R to which specific objections have been made. Sample v. Diecks, 885 F.2d 1099, 1106 (3d Cir. 1989);Goney v. Clark, 749 F.2d 5, 6 (3d Cir.1984). In doing so, the court "may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings and recommendations" contained in the R&R. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
In reviewing a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security, a court must determine whether the Commissioner's decision that a claimant is not disabled is supported by substantial evidence in the record. 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g), 1383(c)(3). Substantial evidence is "such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion." Chandler v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 667 F.3d 356, 359 (3d Cir. 2011) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). If supported by substantial evidence, the Commissioner's finding is conclusive. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). The court exercises plenary review over the Commissioner's legal conclusions. Id.
1. The ALJ's Evaluation of Miller's Medical Evidence
Judge Strawbridge recommends remanding the case to the ALJ for further consideration of medical evidence relating to Miller's depression. The parties have not objected to this recommendation, and it will be adopted. Miller claimed that the ALJ's conclusion that Miller is not disabled was not supported by substantial evidence because the ALJ failed to properly consider the medical evidence in the record when classifying Miller's depression as a non-severe impairment. (Pl. Br. at 4.) Because the ALJ did not discuss medical evidence in the record relating to Miller's depression-namely an assessment of Miller's case by the state's psychological consultant, Dr. Manduchi, and a questionnaire completed by one of Miller's primary care physicians, Dr. Boorazian-it is not possible for the court to determine whether the ALJ took this evidence into consideration in assessing Miller's residual functional capacity. SeeBurnett v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 220 F.3d 112, 121 (3d Cir. 2002) (holding that the ALJ erred by failing to "consider and explain his reasons for discounting all of the pertinent evidence before him in making his residual functional capacity determination").
2. Subjective Complaints
The ALJ found that Miller's statements about "the intensity, persistence, and limiting effects of his symptoms" lacked credibility. (R. 16.) Judge Strawbridge concluded that the ALJ's finding was supported by substantial evidence. (R&R at 16.) Miller objects to that conclusion.
When assessing the credibility of a claimant's testimony with respect to his or her symptoms and how those symptoms affect the claimant's ability to work, an ALJ must consider both the claimant's statements about his or her symptoms and any medical evidence bearing on those symptoms. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1529. A claimant's subjective complaints, when supported by medical evidence, should be given "great weight" and may not be disregarded absent contrary medical evidence. Ferguson v. Schweiker, 765 F.2d 31, 37 (3d Cir. 1985).
In the present case, the ALJ acknowledged that Miller's subjective complaints were supported by medical evidence. (R.16.) However, the ALJ found that Miller's subjective complaints were not entirely credible. (Id.) The ALJ noted for example that those complaints were inconsistent with the residual functional capacity assessment. (Id.) Miller's testimony concerning his daily activities also undermined his subjective complaints.*fn2 Miller testified that while his pain is exacerbated when walking one block, he is able to read, walk short distances, ride his tractor, and do some cleaning and laundry. (R. 39-41.) Miller further testified that he is able to sit through an-hour-long TV shows, if "[his] restless legs don't flare up." (R. 41.) Finally, there was medical evidence in the record that contradicted Miller's subjective complaints. Dr. Stafford's report indicated that Miller's restless leg syndrome "is completely controlled with the current medication regimen." (R. 16.)
As Judge Strawbridge noted, the ALJ's credibility determination could have benefitted from further elaboration. (R&R at 16.) Nevertheless, the ALJ's credibility determination was supported by substantial evidence, such as Dr. Stafford's report. This Court also agrees with Judge Strawbridge that, in assessing Miller's subjective complaints, "the ALJ did accept that Plaintiff had serious restrictions, as reflected in many specific limitations he included in his RFC."*fn3 (Id.)
In reviewing the administrative record and the ALJ's opinion, this Court agrees with Judge Strawbridge that, "[o]n the whole," (id.), the ALJ's credibility finding is supported by substantial evidence, while also recognizing that the ALJ's credibility finding "would have benefitted from further elaboration."*fn4 (Id.)
3. Vocational Adjustment
Miller also objects to the R&R's second conclusion, that the ALJ properly relied on the Vocational Expert's testimony in determining whether there are jobs in the national economy that Miller could perform. (Pl.'s Objections at 4.) Miller argues that the testimony of the Vocational Expert ("VE") was insufficient because it did not speak to "whether Miller would have to make more than 'very little' adjustment in terms of work settings." (Id. at 5.)
In assessing whether any occupations exist which could be performed by Miller, the VE testified that "an individual with the same age, education, past relevant work experience, and residual functional capacity as the claimant" could perform some skilled, sedentary work such as (1) "extension web based work (DOT# 090.227-018)" and (2) "financial aid officer (DOT# 090.117-030)." (R. 43-48.) The VE further testified that Miller's past work skills would be directly transferable to these jobs, which involve the same subject matter and services, "[t]hat is the work field of administering," (R. 43-44, 47) and that [Miller's] need to elevate his legs (R. 45) would not have any impact on the claimant's ability to perform either of these jobs. (R. 47-48.) Regarding the vocational adjustment Miller would have to make, the ALJ concluded, based on the VE's testimony, that "[Miller] would need to make very little, if any, vocational adjustment in terms of tools, work processes, work settings, or the industry."(R. 19.)
The ALJ properly relied upon the VE's testimony in concluding that "[Miller] has acquired work skills from past relevant work that are transferable to other occupations with jobs existing in significant numbers in the national economy." (R. 18.) "[W]here job skills have universal applicability across industry lines, e.g., ... professional, administrative, or managerial types of jobs, transferability of skills ... can usually be accomplished with very little, if any, vocational adjustment where jobs with similar skills can be identified as being within an individual's [residual functional capacity]." S.S.R. 82-41, 1982 WL 31389 (emphasis added).
The ALJ did not commit reversible error in failing to address whether Miller has to make very little vocational adjustment or in finding that Miller could perform sedentary work, with certain limitations described in footnote 2 supra. However, the ALJ's consideration on remand of pertinent medical evidence related to Miller's depression, and the ALJ's more careful consideration of the medical evidence in assessing the credibility of Miller's report of his symptoms, may affect the ALJ's assessment of Miller's residual functional capacity, which may in turn necessitate a redetermination of Miller's ability to perform jobs existing in significant numbers in the national economy.*fn5
After reviewing the record and the parties' submissions and giving "reasoned consideration to the magistrate's report before adopting it as the decision of the court," Henderson v. Carlson, 812 F.2d 874, 878 (3d Cir. 1987), this court adopts the Magistrate Judge's finding that the ALJ's decision is not supported by substantial evidence because the ALJ failed to mention Dr. Manduchi's assessment. In the accompanying order, this case will be remanded to the Commissioner for further proceedings consistent with this memorandum.