IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
May 17, 2012
EMANUEL CAMPISI, PETITIONER
SUPERINTENDENT, SCI-DALLAS, ET AL., RESPONDENTS
The opinion of the court was delivered by: William W. Caldwell United States District Judge
The background of this order is as follows:
On April 13, 2012, Magistrate Judge Blewitt issued a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") (Doc. 15) addressing the timeliness of Petitioner Emanuel Campisi's Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus (Doc. 1). Judge Blewitt concluded that the petition was not filed within the applicable statute of limitations, and that equitable tolling did not apply. He therefore recommended that the petition be dismissed as untimely. Petitioner filed objections (Doc. 16) to the R&R on April 16, 2012. This matter is now ripe for our review.
Petitioner's first objection to the R&R is that it fails to accept all of Petitioner's factual allegations as true, and to draw all reasonable inferences therefrom in Petitioner's favor, in accordance with the standard that governs Rule 12(b)(6) motions to dismiss.*fn1 Specifically, Petitioner argues that Judge Blewitt improperly dismissed his allegations of mental incompetence. We do not agree that Judge Blewitt dismissed any allegations. He simply applied the standards of timely filing and equitable tolling and concluded that the pending petition is untimely.
At its essence, this objection arises from Petitioner's belief that normal standards of timeliness and equitable tolling should not apply to a mentally incompetent individual. Variations on this contention appear throughout Petitioner's objections to the R&R. For instance, Petitioner argues that a mentally incompetent person should not be "required to prove reasonable diligence or other aspects of equitable tolling" (see Doc. 16 at 6; see also id. at 9). He also contends that, as a result of his allegations of incompetency, he "is not subject to any deadlines" (id. at 7). Petitioner fails to cite any legal authority directly supporting these arguments. The court's independent research reveals that Third Circuit case law does not support them.
For instance, in Nara v. Frank, 264 F.3d 310, 319 (3d Cir. 2001), a case involving a mentally disabled petitioner, the Third Circuit recognized the petitioner's obligation to exercise reasonable diligence. It also noted that "mental incompetence is not a per se reason to toll a statute of limitations. . . . Rather, the alleged mental incompetence must somehow have affected the petitioner's ability to file a timely habeas petition." Id. at 320 (internal citations omitted). Hence, Petitioner's allegations of mental incompetence do not excuse him from showing diligence, nor do they entitle him to equitable tolling, unless he can make the requisite showings.
We reject Petitioner's contention that Judge Blewitt erroneously assumed that Petitioner was competent. We likewise reject his arguments that the R&R should have applied a different standard. We agree with the R&R's approach, under which Petitioner was required to show due diligence and other evidence establishing the appropriateness of equitable tolling. We also agree with its conclusion that Petitioner failed to do so. These objections are therefore overruled.
Petitioner's second objection to the R&R is that it fails to "apply the presumption in favor of equitable tolling" set forth in Holland v. Florida, 130 S. Ct. 2549 (2010), and "does not require the State to overcome" this presumption (Doc. 16 at 4-5). This argument misunderstands the holding of Holland. In Holland, the Supreme Court joined all the courts of appeals in holding that the AEDPA's provision on timeliness is subject to equitable tolling in appropriate cases. In reaching this conclusion, the Supreme Court noted that the AEDPA's statute of limitations is not jurisdictional, and that there is a "rebuttable presumption" that courts may normally apply equitable tolling to a non-jurisdictional federal statute of limitations. 130 S. Ct. at 2560. Significantly, however, this is not a presumption that equitable tolling is appropriate in any particular case. To the contrary, the Holland court reaffirmed that "a petitioner is entitled to equitable tolling only if he shows (1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and (2) that some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented timely filing." Id. at 2562 (quoting Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408, 418 (2005)) (internal quotation marks omitted). Thus, there was no burden on the state to overcome a presumption that Petitioner was entitled to equitable tolling in this case. No such presumption exists. Rather, Petitioner bears the burden of establishing his entitlement to equitable tolling. This objection is therefore overruled.
Most of Petitioner's remaining objections to the R&R relate to Petitioner's alleged mental illness or incompetence. We have already addressed this issue above, and any further discussion would be redundant and unnecessary. Nor do any of Petitioner's other arguments warrant further discussion.
ACCORDINGLY, this 17th day of May, 2012, upon consideration of Magistrate Judge Blewitt's R&R (Doc. 15), and Petitioner's objections thereto (Doc. 16), it is ORDERED that:
1. The R&R (Doc. 15) is APPROVED. Petitioner's objections thereto (Doc. 16) are overruled.
2. Pursuant to Judge Blewitt's Recommendation, the petition for a writ of habeas corpus (Doc. 1) is DISMISSED as untimely.
3. The Clerk of Court shall close this file.
William W. Caldwell