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James Walsh v. Dialysis Clinic

May 8, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Nora Barry Fischer


Pending before the Court is Dialysis Clinic, Inc.'s ("Defendant") Motion to Strike Jury Demand (Docket No. 38). The Court has reviewed Defendant's brief in support (Docket No. 39) and Plaintiff's brief in opposition (Docket No. 40). For the reasons that follow, the Defendant's Motion [38] is DENIED.


This action under the FMLA was filed by then-plaintiff Shawn Kostick ("Kostick") on August 12, 2011. (Docket No. 1). Defendant filed its Answer shortly thereafter, on October 17, 2011. (Docket No. 3). On January 10, 2012, Defendant filed a Motion to Dismiss (Docket No. 20), which this Court converted into a Motion for Summary Judgment. (Docket No. 34). During the pendency of the motion to dismiss, Kostick filed a Motion to Substitute Bankruptcy Trustee (Docket No. 28), presumably in response to certain charges raised in the motion to dismiss. (See Docket No. 21 at 1; 4-5; 10-15). The Court initially denied the motion pending its resolution of the motion to dismiss (Docket No. 32), but granted the renewed motion to substitute after the motion to dismiss was denied. (See Docket No. 36).

Thus, current plaintiff, James Walsh ("Walsh"), the bankruptcy trustee, was substituted for Kostick on April 11, 2012. (Docket No. 36). At no point prior to his substitution had Kostick made a jury demand. Then, on April 16, 2012, Walsh filed a Demand for Trial by Jury. (Docket No. 37). That Demand precipitated the pending Motion to Strike (Docket Nos. 38, 39), and response (Docket No. 40) which are now ripe for disposition.

II.The Parties' Positions

In support of its motion to strike, Defendant argues that the Court should be guided by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 38(b), which states that "any party may demand a trial by jury of any issue triable of right by a jury by (1) serving the other parties with a written demand . no later than 14 days after the service of the last pleading directed to such issue.." (Docket No. 39 at 2 (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 38(b)). Where only the Complaint and Answer are filed, Rule 38(b) requires that a demand for jury trial be served within fourteen days of the service of the Answer. Cardio-Medical Assocs. V. Crozer-Chester Medical Ctr., 95 F.R.D. 194, 196 (E.D. Pa. 1982), aff'd 721 F.2d 68 (3d Cir. 1983).*fn2 Failure to make a timely demand may result in waiver of the right to a jury trial. Walton v. Eaton Corp., 563 F.2d 66, 70 (3d Cir. 1977).

Walsh argues that Defendant's argument would effectively result in the loss of his right to demand a jury trial before he became a party.*fn3 To this end, Walsh cites authority where a party was added after the Rule 38(b) period, but which allowed the new party to demand a trial by jury. (See Docket No. 40 at 2-3 (citing United States v. Country Club Garden Owner's Ass'n., Inc., 159 F.R.D. 400 (E.D.N.Y. 1995); United States v. California Mobile Home Park Management Co., 29 F.3d 1413 (9th Cir. 1994)).

III.Legal Standard

Rule 38(a) provides that "[t]he right of trial by jury as declared by the Seventh Amendment to the Constitution-or as provided by a federal statute-is preserved to the parties inviolate." However, as Defendant urges, Rule 38(b) requires that a jury demand be made within fourteen days of service of the final pleading in a matter. Further, "[a] party waives a jury trial unless its demand is properly served and filed." Fed. R. Civ. P. 38(d).


This case presents the rare situation where a party enters the case after the time for demanding a jury trial has lapsed under Rule 38(b). As the Answer was the final pleading filed, on October 17, 2011, the deadline for a jury demand would have been October 31, 2011. However, because Walsh was not a party to this lawsuit at that time, there is no way Walsh could have demanded a jury trial.

Walsh points to Country Club as a justification for this Court granting the demand outside the time provided for in Rule 38(b). Particularly relevant is the following passage:

[A]lthough the Court recognizes that a jury demand in a subsequent complaint is untimely unless new material issues are raised, . that rule has been applied in situations where the parties in the litigation remain the same. In granting intervention, the parties to the litigation have changed. In this regard, the Palascianos have now, for the first time, been able to file a complaint, demand a jury trial or otherwise take part in this case. It seems incorrect to this Court to rule that the Palascianos are precluded from obtaining their constitutionally mandated jury trial, when they have been unable heretofore to appear as parties to this case and make such a demand. Indeed, such a result seems suspect, as any intervenor who has not filed a motion to intervene until after the answer to ...

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