The opinion of the court was delivered by: Conti, District Judge.
Plaintiff Richard Blair Menchyk ("Plaintiff" or "Menchyk") filed a complaint in this court on November 2, 2010, which was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge for a report and recommendation ("R&R") in accordance with the Magistrate Judges Act, 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), and Rules 72.1.3 and 72.1.4 of the Local Rules for Magistrate Judges.
The R&R (ECF No. 17) was filed on December 13, 2011, and recommends that Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 7) be denied, and the Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 13) filed by Defendant Commissioner of Social Security ("Defendant" or "Commissioner") be granted. The parties were allowed fourteen days from the date of service in which to file objections to the R&R. Plaintiff filed timely objections (ECF No. 18) and Defendant's Response (ECF No. 19) was filed January 6, 2012. After reviewing the pleadings and accompanying factual record in this case, together with the R&R, the court will adopt the R&R. Each of Plaintiff's objections will be addressed.
a. Procedural Due Process
Plaintiff first objects to the R&R by arguing that he adequately established good cause for failing to appear at his administrative hearing (R. at 47-58)*fn1 before the administrative law judge ("ALJ") on August 10, 2009, and that the ALJ's finding otherwise, and the R&R's affirmance of this decision, deprived him of his procedural due process right to a rehearing. (ECF No. 18 at 2-11). Defendant argues that the ALJ afforded Plaintiff an adequate opportunity to be heard, and that the conclusion reached in the R&R should be adopted as the opinion of this court. (ECF No. 19 at 1-2). Judicial review is plenary as to this objection. Schaudeck v. Comm'r Soc. Sec., 181 F. 3d 429, 431 (3d Cir. 1999).
As stated in the R&R, in order to state a procedural due process claim, a plaintiff must make two showings: first, there must be a deprivation of a protected interest; second, there must have been a failure to provide the process which was due. Bridgeforth v. Am. Educ. Serv., 412 F. App'x 433, 435-36 (3d Cir. 2011) (citing Logan v. Zimmerman Brush Co., 455 U.S. 422, 428 (1982)). While Plaintiff failed to establish explicitly the first showing, it has been recognized that "the 'right' to Social Security benefits is in one sense 'earned.'" Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971) (quoting Flemming v. Nestor, 363 U.S. 603, 610 (1960)).
Assuming that there is a protected interest in Plaintiff receiving disability benefits, it must still be shown that the deprivation was without due process. "The fundamental requirement of due process is the opportunity to be heard 'at a meaningful time and in a meaningful manner.'" Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319, 333 (1976) (quoting Armstrong v. Manzo, 380 U.S. 545, 552 (1965)). Determining "the extent to which procedural due process must be afforded the recipient is influenced by the extent to which he may be 'condemned to suffer grievous loss.' Accordingly 'consideration of what procedures due process may require under any given set of circumstances must begin with a determination of the precise nature of the government function involved as well as of the private interest that has been affected by government action.'" Perales, 402 U.S. at 402 (quoting Goldberg v. Kelly, 397 U.S. 254, 262-63 (1970)).
Due process, "unlike some legal rules, is not a technical conception with a fixed content unrelated to time, place and circumstances." Eldridge, 424 U.S. at 334 (quoting Cafeteria Workers v. McElroy, 367 U.S. 886, 895 (1961)). "Due process is flexible and calls for such procedural protections as the particular situation demands." Id. (quoting Morrissey v. Brewer, 408 U.S. 471, 481 (1972)). In order for the court to determine that procedural due process was sufficient in light of governmental and private interests, the court must consider how private interests will be affected by official action, the risk of erroneous deprivation and the effectiveness of additional procedural safeguards, and the burden placed upon the government. Id. at 335.
In the present case, the record reflects that Plaintiff acknowledged receiving proper notice of his administrative hearing date, time and location. (R. at 111-12). The ALJ waited approximately fifteen minutes to begin the hearing in an effort to accommodate Plaintiff's alleged difficulty with transportation to the hearing. (R. at 49-51). When Plaintiff did not appear, the ALJ held the hearing with Plaintiff's counsel present. (R. at 9-57). Plaintiff's counsel cross-examined the vocational expert and discussed evidence of Plaintiff's limitations with the ALJ. (R. at 51-52, 54-57). Following the hearing, Plaintiff received a Notice to Show Cause for Failure to Appear from the ALJ, and promptly responded. (R. at 111-12).
In his letter to the ALJ, Plaintiff claimed that the night prior to the administrative hearing, he was to ride with his father from his mother's home to the home he shared with his father, near Plaintiff's counsel's office. (Id.). The next morning, Plaintiff's counsel was to provide Plaintiff with a ride to the hearing. (Id.). For an unspecified reason, Plaintiff's father never arrived to take Plaintiff home. (Id.). Plaintiff made no mention of any attempt to secure alternative means of transportation home until the morning of the hearing. (Id.). At that time, Plaintiff allegedly called his mother at her place of employment for a ride, but she was unable to offer him assistance. (Id.). Plaintiff contacted his attorney's secretary to request that the hearing be postponed. (Id.). Plaintiff also attempted to call his attorney for a ride, but as a result of his use of all pre-paid minutes on his cellular phone, he was not able to get in contact with his attorney and had no other transportation options. (Id.).
The ALJ found that Plaintiff's explanation was not good cause and did not justify scheduling a rehearing. (R. at 15). On a plenary review, this court agrees. Plaintiff knew the night prior to the hearing that his transportation could be a problem because his father did not come to take him back home. Yet, he made no effort that night to arrange alternative transportation. He called his counsel's office the next morning to request a continuance and when his phone ran out of minutes he could not make other arrangements. The conduct of Plaintiff the night before in not making adequate travel arrangements when he knew his father did not come for him was the triggering cause for his failure to appear and does not constitute such an unexpected event that he should be excused from failing to appear. (HALLEX 1-2-4-25B).
Even if the review were not plenary, the ALJ noted the lack of documentation from Plaintiff's parents or his cellular phone carrier as evidence of his alleged difficulties prior to the administrative hearing as the determinative factor for the ALJ. (R. at 15). Nonetheless, Plaintiff had the opportunity to submit additional evidence, and the ALJ did consider this evidence following the date of the administrative hearing. (R. at 6, 15). The ALJ provided Plaintiff with a written decision detailing the reasons for the denial of benefits. (R. at 12-23). The Appeals Council also considered additional evidence submitted by Plaintiff before denying reconsideration.
Based upon the above facts, Plaintiff was afforded adequate due process. The deprivation of disability benefits in this case was not as severe as the deprivation in Eldridge. Unlike the claimant in Eldridge, Plaintiff was not previously conferred disability benefits. Plaintiff also was not formerly in the position of relying upon disability benefits, only to have the benefits rescinded. Even given the significant nature of the deprivation in Eldridge, the Supreme Court of the United States stated that "the ultimate issue which the state agency must resolve is whether in light of the particular worker's 'age, education, and work experience,' he cannot 'engage in any substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy;'" and, that "[t]he value of an evidentiary hearing, or even a limited oral presentation, to an accurate presentation of those factors to the decisionmaker does not appear substantial." Eldridge, 424 U.S. at ...