Appeal from the Order entered December 10, 2010, In the Court of Common Pleas of Bradford County, Civil Division at No(s): 2008 CV 865
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Panella, J.
BEFORE: STEVENS, P.J., BENDER, and PANELLA, JJ.
Arthur Katzin appeals from the order entered December 10, 2010, by the Honorable Maureen T. Beirne, Bradford County Court of Common Pleas, that granted judgment on the pleadings to Central Appalachia Petroleum and Chesapeake Appalachia, LLC, on Katzin's action for declaratory judgment. After careful review, we affirm.
The facts underlying this dispute are largely uncontested. Katzin is the owner of land subject to an oil and gas lease that was granted in favor of Central Appalachian Petroleum, which subsequently assigned the lease to Chesapeake Appalachia, LLC. According to the terms of the lease, Katzin is entitled to receive royalties in the following manner:
(A) ROYALTY: To pay Lessor as Royalty, less all taxes, assessments and adjustments on production from the Leasehold as follows:
1. OIL: To deliver to the credit of Lessor, free of cost, a Royalty of the equal one-eight part of all oil and any constituents thereof produced and markets from the Leasehold.
2. GAS: To pay Lessor an amount equal to one- eighth of the revenue realized by Lessee for all gas and the constituents thereof produced and marketed from the Leasehold during the preceding month. Lessee may withhold Royalty payments until such time as the total withheld exceeds twenty-five dollars ($25.00).
Lease, 2/13/2002. Katzin seeks to invalidate the lease under the Pennsylvania Guaranteed Minimum Royalty Act ("PGMRA"), which states that an oil or gas lease "shall not be valid if such lease does not guarantee the lessor at least one-eighth royalty of all" oil or natural gas. 53 PA.STAT. § 33.
Pursuant to his desire to invalidate the lease, Katzin filed a complaint for declaratory judgment on the Court of Common Pleas of Bradford County.*fn1 The case was removed to the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania on January 8, 2009. However, on May 28, 2009, the federal district court remanded the case back to the Court of Common Pleas of Bradford County. Both parties subsequently filed motions for judgment on the pleadings. On December 10, 2010, the trial court entered judgment in favor of Chesapeake and against Katzin. This timely appeal followed.
On appeal, Katzin raises as his single issue the question of whether the trial court erred in holding that the instant lease complies with the mandates of the PGMRA. In reviewing a trial court's grant of a motion for judgment on the pleadings, our scope of review is plenary. See Vetter v. Fun Footwear Co., 668 A.2d 529, 531 (Pa. Super. 1995) (en banc).
Our review of a trial court's decision to grant ... judgment on the pleadings is limited to determining whether the trial court committed an error of law or whether there were facts presented which warranted a jury trial. In so reviewing, we look only to the pleadings and any documents properly attached thereto. Judgment on the pleadings is proper only where the pleadings ...