The opinion of the court was delivered by: (Judge Conner)
Petitioner, Anthony Gordon ("Gordon"), a state inmate presently incarcerated at the State Correctional Institution at Frackville ("SCI-Frackville"), filed this petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, challenging the January 7, 2010 decision of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole ("Board") to deny him parole. (Doc. 1, at 16; Doc. 16-2, at 43.) The matter is ripe for disposition. For the reasons set forth below, the petition will be denied.
On September 8, 2000, after being found guilty of Aggravated Assault in violation of 18 PA. STAT. ANN. § 2702, and Possessing Instruments of Crime in violation of 18 PA. STAT. ANN. § 907, Gordon was sentenced in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, to periods of incarceration of eight to sixteen years on the Aggravated Assault charge, and two years and six months to five years on the Possessing Instruments of Crime charge. (Doc. 16-2, at 1.) His controlling minimum sentence expired on April 21, 2007, and his controlling maximum date is April 21, 2015. (Id.)
Petitioner has received a number of misconducts spanning years 2002 through 2004, 2008 and 2010. On two occasions, he was found guilty of Threatening an Employee or Their Family with Bodily Harm, Refusing to Obey an Order, and Using Abusive, Obscene, or Inappropriate Language to an Employee. (Doc. 16-2, at 13, 17.) On another occasion, he was found guilty of Threatening an Employee or Their Family with Bodily Harm, and Using Abusive, Obscene, or Inappropriate Language to an Employee. (Id. at 38.) He received four other misconducts which included the offenses of Refusing to Obey an Order, Presence in an Unauthorized Area, Lying to an Employee, Using Abusive, Obscene or Inappropriate Language, and Failure to Stand Count or Interference with Count. (Doc. 16-2, at 6, 10, 21, 32) He was found guilty of all misconduct. (Id.)
On January 16, 2007, Gordon had his first parole review. He was refused parole based on his minimization of the nature and circumstances of the offenses committed, his refusal to accept responsibility for his criminal conduct, his lack of remorse, and his institutional behavior including reported misconducts. (Doc. 16-2, at 23.) He was informed that at his next interview the Board would consider whether he had a favorable recommendation for parole from the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections ("DOC") and whether he maintained a clear conduct record and completed DOC prescriptive programs. (Id. at 23-24.)
The Board issued another decision on December 13, 2007, denying parole based on his "minimization/denial of the nature and circumstances of the offense(s) committed." (Doc. 16-2, at 25.) He was informed that at his next interview, the Board would review and consider whether he maintained a favorable recommendation for parole from the DOC, whether he maintained a clear conduct record and completed the DOC's prescriptive programs and whether he successfully completed a correctional treatment plan. (Id.)
His next review resulted in an April 9, 2008 decision refusing parole. (Doc. 16-2, at 27.) In addition to the previously cited reasons, he was refused parole based on reports, evaluations and assessments concerning his behavior and history that reflects ongoing risk to the community, his need to participate in and complete additional institutional programs, and his interview with the hearing examiner. (Id.) He was advised that his future review would consist of consideration of whether he successfully competed a mental health treatment program, whether he maintained a favorable recommendation for parole from the DOC, whether he maintained a clear conduct record and completed the DOC's prescriptive programs and an updated health evaluation. (Id.)
The Board refused parole in its March 11, 2009 decision based on Gordon's institutional behavior and misconducts, the negative recommendation made by the DOC, and the indication that he was a risk to the community based on reports, evaluations, and "assessments/ level of risk." (Doc. 16-2, at 41.) He was again informed that his next review would include analysis of whether he complied with DOC ordered mental health services, whether he received a favorable recommendation for parole from the DOC, and whether he had a clear conduct record. (Id.)
The decision which is the subject of Gordon's present petition for writ of habeas corpus was issued by the Board on January 7, 2010. (Doc. 16-2, at 43.) At that time, Gordon was refused parole based on the negative recommendation made by the DOC, and reports, evaluations and assessments indicating that he is a risk to the community. (Doc. 16-2, at 43.) The Board advised him that his future review would include an evaluation of whether he received a favorable DOC recommendation for parole, maintained a clear conduct record, and completed the DOC's prescriptive programs. The Board also informed him that an updated psychological report must be available at the time of his next review. (Id.)
Gordon then filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus alleging "[t]he Board abused its discretion and violated petitioners [sic] due process rights because its decision to deny him parole was arbitrary and capricious because said denial of parole conflicts with the Board's statutory duties to release petitioner on parole in accords with the state and federal constitutions and the state's provisions regarding the best interests of society and the individual."*fn1 (Doc. 1, at 17, ¶ 7.) He further states that "[t]he Board's denial of parole was arbitrary and capricious as well as not reasonably or rationally related to ensuring effective treatment. Petitioner's substantive due process rights were violated because there was no supporting evidence, only broad conclusions supporting reasons for denial of parole." (Id. at 18, ¶ 12.)
He further argues that his denial of parole "has more to do with Gov. Rendell forcing the Board to not release inmates with a violent crime than it does with petitioner being a 'Public risk' concern." (Id. at 17, ¶ 3.) "Since Sep. 29, 2008 when Gov. Rendell first issued an order directing the Board and the DOC to temporarily suspend all releases on parole for Pennsylvania inmates until an independent expert review was completed because a parolee killed a police officer, approximately eleven hundred (1100) inmates were released on Parole in Pennsylvania each month. . . . Less than six hundred (600) per month is [sic] now being released due to having a violent offense, irregardless [sic] of good conduct performance and completion or required prescriptive programs." (Id. at ¶ 4.) The moratorium was completely lifted on December 1, 2008.*fn2
He represents that he has "successfully participated in and completed the treatment programs recommended and maintained a clean conduct record and was only given an unfavorable recommendation by the ...