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Steven M. Hunter v. Warden Brian Bledsoe


September 28, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Caldwell


I. Introduction

Plaintiff Steven Hunter, an inmate formerly housed in the Special Management Unit (SMU) at the United States Penitentiary in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, (USP-Lewisburg),*fn1 filed this Bivens action against several Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and USP-Lewisburg officials.*fn2 This matter proceeds on the second amended complaint filed on October 26, 2010. Doc. 37. Named as defendants are: Attorney General Eric Holder; H. Lappin, Director of the BOP; J. Norwood, Regional Director; Warden Bledsoe; D. Young, Associate Warden; N. Nevil, Administrative Remedy Clerk; Unit Manager Brewer; L. Karpen, Chief Psychologist; V. Cahill, Education Supervisor; SIS Fosnot; SIS Perrin; Deputy Captain Snider; Lt. Galletia; Lt. T. Johnson; Correctional Officer (CO) Anderson; CO Hummer; CO Kulago; Counselor Lizardo; Counselor Shuck; J. Dunkalberger, Case Manager; C. Zegarski, Case Manager; and S. Brown, Medical Administrator.

Hunter claims the defendants: improperly used excessive force against him when improperly placing him in ambulatory restraints and when extracting him from his cell; failed to protect him on three different occasions when they failed to properly screen his cellmates who assaulted him; issued him false and retaliatory misconducts; denied him medical care on several occasions; failed to correct inaccuracies in his pre-sentence report (PSR); failed to separate him from radical Muslim inmates; and failed to transfer SMU graduates to medium security facilities. He also asserts a general conditions-of-confinement claim related to his stay in the SMU.

Defendants have filed a motion to dismiss, or in the alternative, for summary judgment. Doc. 48. Defendants have filed a supporting brief, exhibits, and statement of material facts. Docs. 49 and 50. Plaintiff has failed to oppose defendants' motion or request an enlargement of time to do so.*fn3 Accordingly, under M.D. Local Rule 56.1, all facts set forth in the defendants' statement of material facts are deemed admitted, and the court will adopt those facts when considering defendants' motion.

For the reasons set forth below, the Defendants' motion for summary judgment will be granted.

II. Standards of Review

A. Failure to Exhaust Administrative Remedies as to all claims except for Defendants' alleged Failure to Remove Inaccurate Information from Hunter's PSR.

Because documents outside the pleadings have been presented by Defendants and will be considered by the court, the motion will be addressed as one for summary judgment. Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 56, summary judgment should be granted "if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). In pertinent part, parties moving for, or opposing, summary judgment must support their position by "citing to particular parts of materials in the record, including depositions, documents, electronically stored information, affidavits or declarations, stipulations (including those made for the purposes of the motion only), admissions, interrogatory answers, or other materials."

Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c)(1)(A). In deciding a motion for summary judgment, "[t]he court need consider only the cited materials, but it may consider other materials in the record."

Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c)(3). " 'The evidence of the non-movant is to be believed, and all justifiable inferences are to be drawn in his favor.' " Colwell v. Rite--Aid Corp., 602 F.3d 495, 501 (3d Cir. 2010) (quoting Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 255, 106 S.Ct. 2505, 2513, 91 L.Ed.2d 202 (1986)).

III. Discussion

Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA), before a prisoner may bring a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, or any other federal law, he must exhaust all available administrative remedies. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e; Porter v. Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 524, 122 S.C. 983, 988, 152 L.Ed.2d 12 (2002). A prisoner must "exhaust all available administrative remedies" regardless of whether the administrative process may provide the prisoner with the relief that he is seeking. Nyhuis v. Reno, 204 F.3d 65, 75 (3d Cir. 2000). "[I]t is beyond the power of [any] court ... to excuse compliance with the exhaustion requirement, whether on the ground of futility, inadequacy or any other basis." Id. at 73. "If exhaustion is not complete at the time of filing, dismissal is mandatory." Toney v. Bledsoe, 2011 WL 1828380, at *2 (3d Cir. 2011)(citing Johnson v. Jones, 340 F.3d 624, 627 (8th Cir. 2003)).

The exhaustion requirement of the PLRA is one of "proper exhaustion." Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 84, 126 S.Ct. 2378, 2383, 165 L.Ed.2d 368 (2006). Failure to substantially comply with procedural requirements of the applicable prison's grievance system will result in a procedural default of the claim. Spruill v. Gillis, 372 F.3d 218, 227-32 (3d Cir. 2004). The exhaustion requirement is mandatory and cannot be excused for "'sensitive' subject matter or 'fear of retaliation . . .'" Pena-Ruiz v. Solorzano, 281 F. App'x 110, 113 (3d Cir. 2008)(per curiam) (nonprecedential).

Federal inmates may challenge any aspect of their confinement by using the BOP's Administrative Remedy procedure. See 28 C.F.R. § 542.10, et seq.; see also Doc. 49-1, Romano Decl. at ¶ 2. The first step is to present the issue to the inmate's unit team through an informal resolution attempt. See 28 C.F.R. § 542.13(a). If that does not resolve the issue, the inmate must submit a formal request for administrative relief (BP-9) to the Warden within twenty calendar days following the date on which the basis for the request occurred . See 28 C.F.R. § 542.14; Romano Decl. at ¶ 2. An inmate who is not satisfied with the Warden's response may submit an appeal to the Regional Director (BP-10) within twenty calendar days of the date the Warden signed the response. See 28 C.F.R. § 542.15; Romano Decl. at ¶ 2. If dissatisfied with the Regional Director's response, the inmate may submit an appeal to the BOP's General Counsel (BP-11) within thirty calendar days of the Regional Director's response. See 28 C.F.R. § 542.18; see also Romano Decl. at ¶ 2. No administrative appeal is considered to have been fully and finally exhausted until it has been considered by the BOP's Central Office. Id.; see also 28 C.F.R. § 542.15. See also BOP Program Statement 1330.16, available for review at

Since Hunter has been in the custody of the BOP he has filed 695 administrative remedies. See Romano penalty-of-perjury declaration ¶ 5. Doc. 49-1 at p. 6.*fn4 Hunter has only appealed forty-one of those remedies to the national level, or final review. Id. "A review of the 41 remedies listed in the SENTRY data base reveals the Plaintiff has not properly exhausted in regard to any of the allegations raised in his complaint." Id.; see also Doc. 49-1, Attach. B and C, pp. 11-35.

The record before the court as to Hunter's exhaustion efforts regarding the issues raised in this action is clear and uncontested. A review of the exhibits submitted in support of the Defendants' summary judgment motion on the issue of exhaustion demonstrate Hunter has not properly exhausted his allegations of the following claims: Defendants' use of excessive force against him during a cell extraction or when placing him in restraints; the failure to protect him from assault by three different cell mates with whom he objected being housed for security reasons; his receipt of false and retaliatory misconducts; the denial of medical care after being placed in restraints; and the defendants' failure to separate him from radical Muslim inmates trying to persuade him to become a terrorist. See Doc. 37, Am. Compl.; Doc. 49-1, Attach. C, pp. 13-35.

Although Hunter alleges in his Amended Complaint that he has been denied access to the administrative remedy system by defendants "since June 1, 2010," this date post-dates the allegations in the amended complaint and even his initiation of the present lawsuit (April 2010). See Doc. 1, Compl.; Doc. 37, Am. Compl. Hunter's complete failure to oppose Defendants' summary judgment motion in any manner, or request an enlargement of time to do so, does not offer any insight or explanation for his failure to exhaust his administrative remedies as to the identified causes of action which accrued before he was allegedly denied access to the administrative process. The uncontested record demonstrates that Plaintiff failed to properly exhaust his administrative remedies before filing this action as to any claims other than questions about inaccuracies in his PSR, and thus the defendant is entitled to summary judgment as to the other claims. As these claims will be dismissed on Hunter's failure to properly exhaust his available administrative remedies, the court will not examine Defendants' alternative basis for dismissal of these claims.

B. Failure to Correct Perceived Inaccuracies in Hunter's PSR.*fn5 Hunter alleges that defendants Bledsoe, Associate Warden Young, and Case Manager Coordinator Dunkelburger, Unit Manager Brewer, and Case Manager Zegarski "continue to refuse to contact the appropriate agency regarding inaccurate information in

Plaintiff's Presentence Report." Doc. 37 at p. 16. Defendants' statement of uncontested facts as to this issue is simple and straightforward. See Doc. 50, Statement of Material Facts. They offer the declaration of Walter Zegarski, Hunter's former Case Manager. See Doc. 49-1. Zegarski acknowledges that Hunter did raise concerns about the accuracy of his PSR. Id. at ¶ 3. However, when questioned about the alleged inaccuracies, he denied having committed the crime for which he was convicted rather than having true concerns about inaccurate information. Id. Hunter did not provide any information about inaccuracies. Doc. 50 at ¶ 7. Had Hunter provided specific information and supporting documentation concerning inaccuracies in his PSR, Zegarski would have taken further action and contacted the U.S. Probation office that prepared the PSR report. Doc. 49-1 at ¶ 3; Doc. 50 at ¶ 8.

Based on these uncontested facts, Defendants are entitled to summary judgment on this issue, their alleged failure to address inaccuracies in Hunter's PSR report.

We will issue an appropriate order.

William W. Caldwell United States District Judge


STEVEN M. HUNTER, Plaintiff v. WARDEN BRIAN BLEDSOE, et al., Defendants

(Judge Caldwell)

CIVIL NO. 1:10-CV-0927


AND NOW, this 28th day of September, 2011, for the reasons set forth in the accompanying memorandum, it is ordered that

1. Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment (Doc. 48) is granted.

2. The Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment in favor of Holder; Lappin; Norwood; Bledsoe; Young; Nevil; Brewer; Karpen: Cahill; Fosnot; Perrin; Snider; Galletia; Johnson; Anderson; Hummer; Kulago; Lizardo; Shuck; Dunkalberger; C. Zegarski; and Brown and against plaintiff Hunter.

3. The Clerk of Court is directed to close this case.

4. An appeal from this order is deemed frivolous and not in good faith. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3).

William W. Caldwell United States District Judge

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