The opinion of the court was delivered by: Tucker, J.
Presently before this Court is the Motion to Consolidate (Civil Action No. 09-5497, Doc. 94) filed by Defendants Melissa and Guy Turi and Plaintiffs' Response in Opposition thereto (Doc. 95). For the reasons set forth below, this Court denies Defendants' Motion to consolidate the above-captioned actions.
On November 18, 2009, Plaintiffs Robert McClenaghan and Nina Heller d/b/a Main Street Adoption Service LLP ( hereinafter "Plaintiffs" or "MS") filed suit, Civ. Action No. 09-05497, against Defendants Melissa and Guy Turi (hereinafter "the Turis"), Ziara and Ben Bierig (hereinafter "the Bierigs"), LabCorp Holdings, Patricia Sprague, The Do Good Charitable Foundation (a/k/a GuatAdopt.com), and Kevin Krutner. Plaintiffs allege that Defendants conspired to ruin their reputation and business by posting defamatory statements about the agency on various adoption-oriented web-sites and that they were ultimately forced to cease operation in August 2009 as a result of Defendants' actions. The Complaint contains six counts including claims for breach of contract, tortious interference with existing and prospective contracts, civil conspiracy, defamation, and trade libel. *fn1
On June 7, 2011, Melissa and Guy Turi, along with four other couples not parties to the first action, filed suit against MS, asserting violations of the Federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act ("RICO"), 18 U.S.C. § 1961, et. seq., and the Mail and Wire Fraud Statutes, 18 U.S. C. § 1341, 1343. Plaintiffs also filed several state and common law claims including unjust enrichment, conversion, civil conspiracy, misrepresentation, intentional infliction of emotional distress, and negligent infliction of emotional distress. *fn2 Plaintiffs, who all experienced failed adoptions after contracting with MS to adopt children in Guatemala, allege that Defendants Robert McClenaghan, Nina Heller, and Marcia Del Carpio d/b/a Main Street Adoption Services, LLP (collectively "MS"), engaged in a scheme to defraud Plaintiffs of money and to profit from the fees paid in cases of failed adoptions.
Rule 42 (a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure states in relevant part: When actions involving a common question of law or fact are pending before the court, it may order a joint hearing or trial of any or all the matters in issue in the actions; it may order all the actions consolidated; and it may make such orders concerning proceedings therein as may tend to avoid unnecessary costs or delay.
The moving party bears the burden of proof in a motion for consolidation. Farahmand v. Rumsfeld, 2002 WL 31630709, at *1 (E.D. Pa., Nov. 20, 2002). The threshold requirement for determining whether consolidation is permissible is whether there exists a common question of law or fact. Id. Consolidation must be denied if there is no common issue tying the cases together. Rumsfeld, 2002 WL 31630709. However, even where commonalities exist, consolidation is not required. Id.
The court has broad discretion when determining whether consolidation is appropriate. Richardson v. U.S. Airways Group, Inc., 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10532, at *3 (E.D. Pa. July 16, 2001). When exercising this discretion, the court must balance the benefits of judicial economy against the potential for prejudice, expense, or confusion. Mincy v. Chmielewski, 2006 WL 1997457, at *2 (M.D Pa. 2006) (quoting Bernardi v. City of Scranton, 101 F.R.D. 411, 413 (M.D.Pa. 1983). A motion to consolidate may be denied if the common issue is not a principle one, if it will lead to confusion of the issues, or prejudice a party to the action. Gristede's Foods, Inc. v. Poospatuck (Unkechauge) Nation, 2009 WL 3644159, at *3 (E.D. N.Y. 2009).
The Turi Defendants now move this Court to consolidate two civil actions. In their motion, the Turis argue, inter alia, that the two cases should be consolidated since they involve the same witnesses as well as similar factual issues. For the reasons that follow, the Court finds that Defendants have failed to satisfy the requirement of Fed.R.Civ.P. 42 that the actions share a common question of law or fact. While the two actions may have originated from similar transactions, they involve different legal questions arising from separate occurrences, and thus are inappropriate for consolidation.
While the cases include some mutual elements, the Defendants overstate the similarities between the two actions. In Civ. Action No. 11-3761 (hereinafter "RICO case"), the case involves ten plaintiffs (five different couples) and eleven counts, alleging violations of the RICO Act and multiple state law claims. The second action, No. 09-05497, involves eight plaintiffs and six counts alleging violations of contracts, torts, civil, and trade aw (hereinafter "Defamation case"). It is clear that the two actions involve very different legal issues. Additionally, only two of the named defendants in the Defamation action, Melissa and Guy Turi, are also parties to the RICO case.
The Turis contend that the two actions are related since the purported RICO violations are relevant to explaining the Turis' behavior in the Defamation case. Even if this was true, however, consolidation is not appropriate for purposes of establishing a defense. Consolidation is permitted as a matter of convenience and economy for the court. Johnson v. Manhattan Ry Co., 289 U.S. 479, 496 (1933). Where the evidence in one case is not principle to the issues in the other, consolidation does little for judicial economy and would create a likelihood of prejudice by confusing the issues. Rumsfeld, 2002 WL 31630709. In the instant matter, of the twenty individual parties involved in both cases, only ...