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Nicole Osuch v. Optima Machinery Corporation

July 11, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Pratter, J.



On November 9, 2010, Nicole Osuch sued Optima Machinery Corporation and Optima Group Pharma (together, "Optima"), Mevluet Yilmaz, and five "John Doe" defendants. She alleged that she had been injured in a collision with a vehicle driven by Mr. Yilmaz, an Optima employee, on November 21, 2008. Ms. Osuch's Complaint described the John Doe defendants as "persons or entities ... responsible in tort or contract for the injuries and damages suffered by the plaintiff in this action, but whose identities have not yet been determined." She pled no facts regarding the citizenship or residences of these fictional defendants.

The Defendants timely moved to dismiss Ms. Osuch's Complaint pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h) on the ground that the facts pled in the Complaint established no basis for this Court to assume subject matter jurisdiction over this case. Specifically, they argued that although the Complaint asserts that Ms. Osuch resides in New Jersey, and that Optima and Mr. Yilmaz are citizens of Wisconsin, the Complaint did not allege complete diversity of citizenship because it named five unknown defendants who could potentially be New Jersey citizens.*fn1 The Defendants also moved, in the alternative, for a more definite statement regarding damages, arguing that the Complaint as pled was insufficiently precise to allow them to prepare a jurisdictional defense based upon the amount-in-controversy requirement.

In response, Ms. Osuch concentrated on the Defendants' request for a more definite statement, arguing that the Complaint adequately pled damages exceeding the jurisdictional amount. As to the question of whether her decision to sue the five John Doe defendants might destroy complete diversity, she conceded that "no residency is alleged for John Does I through V," but she argued that this was irrelevant in light of the fact that "the Complaint contains all necessary information regarding the complete diversity of citizenship of all known defendants" (emphasis added). She cited no authority for her proposition that the diversity analysis ignores unknown John Doe defendants, nor did she request an opportunity to amend her Complaint.*fn2

The Court granted the Defendants' motion to dismiss, without considering their alternative motion for a more definite statement. The Court observed that "a plaintiff asserting federal diversity jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332 'must specifically allege each party's citizenship, and these allegations must show that the plaintiff and [each] defendant are citizens of different states,'" quoting McCracken v. Murphy, 328 F. Supp. 2d 530, 532 (E.D. Pa. 2004), and that "where a plaintiff does not allege the citizenship of a 'John Doe' defendant, she has not met her requirement to show that she and John Doe are citizens of two different states," citing Frisof v. Swift Transp. Co., 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 48417, *3 (M.D. Pa. June 23, 2008).

Ms. Osuch has filed a Motion for Reconsideration of the Court's order dismissing her case. For the reasons set forth below, that Motion will be denied.


To succeed on a motion for reconsideration, the moving party must demonstrate either (1) an intervening change in the controlling law; (2) the availability of new evidence which was not available when the court issued its order; or (3) the need to correct a manifest injustice stemming from a clear error of law or fact. Max's Seafood Cafe v. Quinteros, 176 F.3d 669, 677 (3d Cir. 1999); North River Ins. Co. v. Cigna Reinsurance Co., 52 F.3d 1194, 1218 (3d Cir. 1995).

Where the basis of the motion for reconsideration is to correct a manifest injustice, the moving party must persuade the court not only that the prior decision was wrong, "but that it was clearly wrong and that adherence to the decision would create a manifest injustice." In re City of Philadelphia Litig., 158 F.3d 711, 718 (3d Cir. 1998) (emphasis added). In addition, "motions for reconsideration should be granted sparingly because of the interests in finality and conservation of scarce judicial resources." In re Loewen Group, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 200, *4-*5 (E.D.Pa. Jan. 5, 2006) (quoting Pennsylvania Insurance Guarantee Association v. Trabosh, 812 F.Supp. 522, 524 (E.D.Pa. 1992)).


Ms. Osuch's principal argument for reconsideration seems to be that the Court's dismissal of her case was a "harsh," "unfair" and "drastic" response to what was, in essence, a minor technical mistake, and she now requests an opportunity to amend her Complaint. She has also cited several cases which, she implies, might suggest that the dismissal was in error.

The Supreme Court has held that the requirements of the complete-diversity rule, "however technical seeming, must be viewed in the perspective of the constitutional limitations upon the judicial power of the federal courts, and of the Judiciary Acts in defining the authority of the federal courts when they sit, in effect, as state courts." Indianapolis v. Chase Nat'l Bank, 314 U.S. 63, 76 (1941). In keeping with this observation, the Supreme Court has interpreted statutes conferring diversity jurisdiction with "jealous restriction" and "strict construction," so as not to infringe on state sensitivities regarding the judicial power reserved to the states on matters of state law, and also to "relieve the federal courts of the overwhelming burden of business that intrinsically belongs to the state courts, in order to keep them free for their distinctive federal business." Employers Ins. of Wausau v. Crown Cork & Seal Co., 942 F.2d 862, 866-867 (3d Cir. 1991) (quoting Indianapolis, 314 U.S. at 76). This Court cannot, therefore, adopt Ms. Osuch's view that her Complaint's failure to plead complete diversity was a flaw of little significance or should otherwise be cavalierly overlooked, however much the Court may -- and indeed does -- sympathize with her (or her counsel's) practical plight.

Ms. Osuch was presented with an obvious opportunity to request leave to amend her Complaint after the Defendants had pointed out plainly the jurisdictional problem posed by the naming of the John Doe defendants. She deliberately -- and, presumably, knowingly -- did not take this opportunity, but instead argued -- without any reference to case law -- that her Complaint as pled with the John Doe parties already established diversity jurisdiction.*fn3 Where a party fails to avail ...

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