The opinion of the court was delivered by: Chief Judge Kane
Aiah Momoi Gbondo, ("Gbondo"), presently a detainee of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE") confined at the Clinton County Prison, Pennsylvania, filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 on May 31, 2011. (Doc. No. 1.) He has paid the required filing fee in this matter. Following a preliminary review of the petition, see R. Governing § 2254 Cases R. 4 (applicable to petitions under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 in the discretion of the court), it is concluded that the petition will be referred to ICE as a request for review under 8 C.F.R. § 241.13.
Gbondo states that he is a native and citizen of Sierra Leone. He states that he first entered the United States on September 21, 2001 pursuant to a visa. He states that he "was in the process" of having his status adjusted to lawful permanent resident when he got arrested. (Doc. No. 1 at 4.) He further states that he was convicted on May 11, 2006, for the federal offense of bank fraud in Greenbelt, Maryland. He was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of a minimum of 61 months. He was thereafter taken into custody by ICE on October 14, 2010, following service of 5 years and 1 month of his criminal sentence. He was ordered removed from the United States by an immigration judge on December 6, 2006. He states that he received a review of his custody status on February 10, 2011, and it was determined that he would not be released from ICE custody. (Id., Ex. A at 16.) In the Notice of Decision to Continue Detention he was informed that if he has not been released or removed from the United States within three (3) months of the date of the Notice, jurisdiction of the custody decision in his case will be transferred to the Headquarters Case Management Unit (HQCMU), and that the HQCMU will make a final determination regarding his custody.*fn1 (Id.)
In the instant petition he complains about his "prolonged and continuing detention" by ICE. He seeks the issuance of a writ of habeas corpus ordering his immediate release under reasonable conditions of supervision or, in the alternative, a hearing before an impartial adjudicator wherein Respondents are made to justify his continued detention. He argues that he is not a flight risk and continues to be detained without a custody hearing. Specifically, he states that although his Notice to Continue Detention issued in February of 2011 states that he would receive a custody review by the HQCMU within three (3) months, and although he wrote a letter to the HQCMU requesting a review, that he has received no response. (Doc. No. 1 at 4, 16 and 18.) Based on the foregoing, he seeks to be released from ICE detention on supervision or afforded a custody review.
Detention, release, and removal of aliens ordered removed is governed by the provisions of 8 U.S.C. § 1231. Under § 1231(a), the Attorney General has ninety days to remove an alien from the United States after his order of removal, during which time detention is mandatory.
Section 1231(a)(1)(B) provides the following:
The removal period begins to run on the latest of the following:
(i) The date the order of removal becomes administratively final.
(ii) If the removal order is judicially reviewed and if the court orders a stay of the removal of the alien, the date of the court's final order.
(iii) If the alien is detained or confined (except under an immigration process), the date the alien is released from detention or confinement.
8 U.S.C. § 1231. At the conclusion of the ninety-day period, the alien may be held in continued detention, or may be released under continued supervision. 8 U.S.C. §§ 1231(a)(3) & (6). The statute "limits an alien's post-removal-period detention to a period reasonably necessary to bring about the alien's removal from the United States. It does not permit indefinite detention." Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 689 (2001). "Once removal is no longer reasonably foreseeable, continued detention is no longer authorized by statute." Id. at 699. To establish uniformity in the federal courts, a period of six months was recognized as a "presumptively reasonable period of detention." Id. at 701.
Following Zadvydas, regulations were promulgated to meet the criteria established by the Supreme Court. See 8 C.F.R. § 241.4. Prior to the expiration of the mandatory ninety-day removal period, the district director shall conduct a custody review for an alien where the alien's removal cannot be accomplished during the prescribed period. 8 C.F.R. § 241.4(k)(1)(I). When release is denied pending the removal, the district director may retain responsibility for custody determinations for up to three months, or refer the alien to the Headquarters Post Order Detention Unit ("HQPDU") for further custody review. 8 C.F.R. § 241.4(k)(1)(ii). Once jurisdiction is transferred, an eligible alien may submit a written request for release to the HQPDU. 8 C.F.R. § 241.13(d)(1). Pursuant to 8 C.F.R. § 241.13, special review procedures are established for "those aliens who are subject to a final order of removal and are detained under the custody review procedures provided at § 241.4 after the expiration of the removal period, where the alien has provided good reason to believe there is no significant likelihood of removal to the country to which he or she was ordered removed, ...