The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Conner
Malkeet Singh ("Singh"), presently a detainee of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE"), incarcerated at the Pike County Prison, Lords Valley, Pennsylvania, filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §2241 on May 18, 2011. (Doc. 1). Preliminary review of the petition has been undertaken, see R. GOVERNING § 2254 CASES R.1(b) (applicable to petitions under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 in the discretion of the court), and, for the reasons set forth below, the petition will be referred to ICE as a request for review under 8 C.F.R. § 241.13.
Singh, a native and citizen of India, entered the United States as a visitor on October 6, 1998, at New York, New York. (Doc. 1, at 16.) He was convicted of multiple crimes including, Fraudulent Use of Credit Cards, which resulted in his placement in removal proceedings. (Id.) On August 14, 2006, he was granted voluntary departure by an Immigration Judge ("IJ"). (Id.) He has filed "multiple appeals, motions, and/or petitions contesting the IJ's ruling; all have been either dismissed or denied." (Id.) According to Singh, his removal order, which was entered on June 3, 2010, became final on September 27, 2010, at the conclusion of his Bureau of Immigrations Appeal proceeding. (Doc. 1, at ¶ 23.)
ICE first reviewed his custody status on or about November 30, 2010, pursuant to review procedures found at 8 C.F.R. § 241.4. (Doc. 1, at 20.) ICE continued his detention because he presented a threat to society and it was not "clearly evident" that he would appear for removal as required. (Id.) He was further advised that if he was not released or removed from the United States by March 23, 2011, jurisdiction of the custody decision would be transferred to the Headquarters Post Order Detention Unit ("HQPDU"). (Id. at 21.)
He was neither released nor removed by March 23, 2011. Consequently, jurisdiction transferred to the Headquarters Case Management Unit ("HQCMU")*fn1 and a second custody review was conducted. On April 4, 2011, a decision to continue custody was issued and he was informed that his removal to India was expected to occur in the reasonably foreseeable future. (Doc. 1, at 16.) He was also informed that the decision "does not preclude him from bringing forth evidence in the future to demonstrate a good reason why [his] removal is unlikely." (Id.)
Singh filed the instant petition seeking relief from "continued unlawful detention." (Doc. 1, at 1.)
Detention, release, and removal of aliens ordered removed is governed by the provisions of 8 U.S.C. § 1231. Under § 1231(a), the Attorney General has ninety days to remove an alien from the United States after his order of removal, during which time detention is mandatory. Section 1231(a)(1)(B) provides the following:
The removal period begins to run on the latest of the following:
(i) The date the order of removal becomes administratively final.
(ii) If the removal order is judicially reviewed and if the court orders a stay of the removal of the alien, the date of the court's final order.
(iii) If the alien is detained or confined (except under an immigration process), the date the alien is released from detention or confinement.
8 U.S.C. §1231. At the conclusion of the ninety-day period, the alien may be held in continued detention, or may be released under continued supervision. 8 U.S.C. §§ 1231(a)(3) & ( 6). The statute "limits an alien's post-removal-period detention to a period reasonably necessary to bring about the alien's removal from the United States. It does not permit indefinite detention." Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 689 (2001). "Once removal is no longer reasonably foreseeable, continued detention is no longer authorized by statute." Id. at 699. To ...