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In the Matter of: Opening A v. (A) Hickory On the Green Homeowners

IN THE COMMONWEALTH COURT OF PENNSYLVANIA


May 5, 2011

IN THE MATTER OF: OPENING A PRIVATE ROAD FOR THE BENEFIT OF TIMOTHY P. O'REILLY OVER LANDS OF (A) HICKORY ON THE GREEN HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION, AND (B) MARY LOU SORBARA; GREGORY E. BURGUNDER; ANN E. CAIN; DON E. COTTRILL & NORMA J. COTTRILL, H/W; JOSEPH K. CUPPLES; BART V. DELCIMMUTO; JAMES D. DRAGOO & LINDA J. DRAGOO, H/W; KIMBERLY M. FONZI; BRIAN J. GALLAGHER & DIANE J. GALLAGHER, H/W; DOLORES M. GEMBAROSKY; MICHAEL J. GRALISH, JR. & VIRGINIA A. GRALISH, H/W; DIANE M. GIULIANA; JEFFERY W. HUTCHENS; DAVID B. KEITH & CHRISTINA A. KEITH, H/W; JOANNE B. KUCHINIC, TESTAMENTARY TRUST; HARRY J. LEE, JR.; JAY A. LEVY; S. GREG MALONE; JOSEPH V. MAZUR & KELLY L. POOLE; MARTIN MICKEY & MELISSA G. MICKEY, H/W; REGIS G. NIEDERBERGER & KATHLEEN C. NIEDERBERGER, H/W; GORDON J. ORR; ANNE M. PAUL; THOMAS G. PORTER; ROSEANNE E. PETRAGLIA; ERIC H. RITTENHOUSE & DANIELLE L. RITTENHOUSE, H/W; JOHN J. SAHLANEY; JEROME SCHMIER & CAROL FALO, H/W; JOHN R. SHAFER, TRUSTEE OR HIS SUCCESSORS IN TRUST, UNDER THE JOHN S. SHAFER LIVING TRUST, DATED NOVEMBER 20, 2001, AND JESSIE M. SHAFER, TRUSTEE, OR HER SUCCESSORS IN TRUST, UNDER THE JESSIE M. SHAFER LIVING TRUST, DATED NOVEMBER 20, 2001; MARCUS A SPATAFORE & KRISTIN C. BRAZELL; WILLIAM E. SPRECHER & MARCELLENE SPRECHER, H/W; AND FRANK J. SPRECHER & AGNES E. SPRECHER, H/W, LIFE ESTATE; ROXANNE M. SQUILLANTE; SUSAN C. STANKO; SHANAN R. STEWART; RICHARD H. SWEET & MARSHA A. SWEET, H/W; GREGORY TAYLOR; JOHN M. THOMAS; : THOMAS P. WAKIM & KIMBERLY L. : WAKIM, H/W; BETTY B. WILLIAMS & : LEON I. WILLIAMS (CO-TRUSTEES); : ROYCE D. VANDERPOOL; MELISSA J. : SCHILLER & MELANIE M. SCHILLER; JANET : ZEWE; FRANK A. BODNAR; KAREN R. : BILLINGHAM; BRADFORD R. JONES; : VIRGINIA L. KNAUS, TRUSTEE UNDER : QUALIFIED PERSONAL RESIDENCE TRUST : AGREEMENT, DATED JULY 27, 2000; : JOAN L. MASSELLA; DONNA DURKAN; : GERALDINE R. ALTENHOF; ELIZABETH BECK; : DARLENE A. TAYLOR; JAMES E. SPENCE & : KATHY F. SPENCE, H/W; LANCE D. MOLLER; : LINDY M. MCGEE; THE JUDITH F. : KOBLITZ TRUST; RICHARD E. MCNUTT & : HELENA A. MCNUTT, H/W; DOROTHY D. : WAGNER; SPITZIG LIVING TRUST AND : WILLIAM A. SPITZIG AND MARILYN J. : SPITZIG (TRUSTEES); SANDRA H. OCONNELL; : THOMAS C. SKENA; ZARAF MOSHIN; : PAUL W. AMIC & CAROLE L. AMIC, H/W; : MARGARET M. SHOWALTER; JAMES P. : FLANNERY & PATRICIA C. FLANNERY, H/W; : DEBORAH A. GERTZ; CAROL L. SCHARTNER; : JOHN A. UDISCHAS & SUSAN C. UDISCHAS, : H/W; DONNA M. BARTKO; KYLI J. MARTIN; : ROBERT J. GRIMM & JANA L. PHILLIS; : AMY R. SOLOMON; RICHARD M. BUCK & : BARBARA L. BUCK, H/W; ARLENE LIPTON; : WILLIAM G. EILER; CATHERINE M. SMITH; : DAWNA M. MAYDAK; MILDRED K. FINCKE; : MARGARET M. CORNELLIUS; CRAIG M. : DRINKHALL; RANDI BURDICK; ROBERT F. : MILLIGAN, JR. & MARILYN R. MILLIGAN, : H/W; RONALD G. BAUER & TERESA L. : BAUER, H/W; ANNA MARIE CIMAROLLI; : JOR R. PALMER & ANN D. PALMER, H/W; : JOHN WILLIAM MINNICH; JOSEPH J. : ASTORINO & MARILYN J. ASTORINO, H/W; : THOMAS S. PHILLIPS; CATHERINE E. TSAI; : NAOMI H. PATTON; STANLEY A. HACK & : CHRISTINE E. HACK, H/W; MICHAEL L. : HYNES & JANICE M. HYNES, H/W; : THOMAS E. DARABANT & FAYE C. : FLORIANI; WILLIAM J. GARRITY, SR. & : PATRICIA ANN GARRITY, H/W; ARCHIE L. : MCINTYRE; CLARENCE JOSEPH WELTER & : MARA WELTER, H/W; LISBETH A. DINEEN; : CHARLES W. FETROW & MARGARET A. : FETROW, H/W; KATHLEEN LYON; MARK A. : PETROZZA & DOROTHY M. PETROZZA, H/W; : JOHN R. ZECCHINO, AS THEIR INTEREST MAY : APPEAR : TIMOTHY P. O'REILLY :
v.
(A) HICKORY ON THE GREEN HOMEOWNERS : ASSOCIATION, AND (B) MARY LOU SORBARA; : GREGORY E. BURGUNDER; ANN E. CAIN; : DON E. COTTRILL & NORMA J. COTTRILL, : H/W; JOSEPH K. CUPPLES; BART V. : DELCIMMUTO; JAMES D. DRAGOO & : LINDA J. DRAGOO, H/W; KIMBERLY M. : FONZI; BRIAN J. GALLAGHER & DIANE J. : GALLAGHER, H/W; DOLORES M. : GEMBAROSKY; MICHAEL J. GRALISH, JR. & : VIRGINIA A. GRALISH, H/W; DIANE M. : GIULIANA; JEFFERY W. HUTCHENS; DAVID : B. KEITH & CHRISTINA A. KEITH, H/W; : JOANNE B. KUCHINIC, TESTAMENTARY : TRUST; HARRY J. LEE, JR.; JAY A. LEVY; : S. GREG MALONE; JOSEPH V. MAZUR & : KELLY L. POOLE; MARTIN MICKEY & : MELISSA G. MICKEY, H/W; REGIS G. : NIEDERBERGER & KATHLEEN C. : NIEDERBERGER, H/W; GORDON J. ORR; : ANNE M. PAUL; THOMAS G. PORTER; : ROSEANNE E. PETRAGLIO; ERIC H. : RITTENHOUSE & DANIELLE L. RITTENHOUSE, : H/W; JOHN J. SAHLANEY; JEROME SCHMIER : & CAROL FALO, H/W; JOHN R. SHAFER, : TRUSTEE OR HIS SUCCESSORS IN TRUST, UNDER : THE JOHN S. SHAFER LIVING TRUST, DATED : NOVEMBER 20, 2001, AND JESSIE M. : SHAFER, TRUSTEE OR HER SUCCESSORS IN : TRUST, UNDER THE JESSIE M. SHAFER LIVING : TRUST, DATED NOVEMBER 20, 2001; : MARCUS A SPATAFORE & KRISTIN C. : BRAZELL; WILLIAM E. SPRECHER & : MARCELLENE SPRECHER H/W; AND FRANK J. : SPRECHER & AGNES E. SPRECHER, H/W, : LIFE ESTATE; ROXANNE M. SQUILLANTE; : SUSAN C. STANKO; SHANAN R. STEWART; : RICHARD H. SWEET & MARSHA A. SWEET, : H/W; GREGORY TAYLOR; JOHN M. THOMAS; : THOMAS P. WAKIM & KIMBERLY L. : WAKIM, H/W; BETTY B. WILLIAMS & : LEON I. WILLIAMS (CO-TRUSTEES); : ROYCE D. VANDERPOOL; MELISSA J. : SCHILLER & MELANIE M. SCHILLER; JANET : ZEWE; FRANK A. BODNAR; KAREN R. : BILLINGHAM; BRADFORD R. JONES; : VIRGINIA L. KNAUS, TRUSTEE UNDER : QUALIFIED PERSONAL RESIDENCE TRUST : AGREEMENT DATED JULY 27, 2000; : JOAN L. MASSELLA; DONNA DURKAN; : GERALDINE R. ALTENHOF; ELIZABETH BECK; : DARLENE A. TAYLOR; JAMES E. SPENCE & : KATHY F. SPENCE, H/W; LANCE D. MOLLER; : LINDY M. MCGEE; THE JUDITH F. KOBLITZ : TRUST; RICHARD E. MCNUTT & HELENA A. : MCNUTT, H/W; DOROTHY D. WAGNER; : SPITZIG LIVING TRUST; SANDRA H. : OCONNELL; THOMAS C. SKENA; ZARAF : MOSHIN; PAUL W. AMIC & CAROLE L. : AMIC, H/W; MARGARET M. SHOWALTER; : JAMES P. FLANNERY & PATRICIA C. : FLANNERY, H/W; DEBORAH A. GERTZ; : CAROL L. SCHARTNER; JOHN A. UDISCHAS & : SUSAN C. UDISCHAS, H/W; DONNA M. : BARTKO; KYLI J. MARTIN; ROBERT J. GRIMM : & JANA L. PHILLIS; AMY R. SOLOMON; : RICHARD M. BUCK & BARBARA L. BUCK, : H/W; ARLENE LITON; WILLIAM G. EILER; : CATHERINE M. SMITH; DAWNA M. : MAYDAK; MILDRED K. FINCKE; : MARGARET M. CORNELLIUS; CRAIG M. : DRINKHALL; RANDI BURDICK; ROBERT F. : MILLIGAN, JR. & MARILYN R. MILLIGAN, : H/W; RONALD G. BAUER & TERESA L. : BAUER, H/W; ANNA MARIE CIMAROLLI; : JOR R. PALMER & ANN D. PALMER, H/W; : JOHN WILLIAM MINNICH; JOSEPH J. : ASTORINO & MARILYN J. ASTORINO, H/W; : THOMAS S. PHILLIPS; CATHERINE E. TSAI; : NAOMI H. PATTON; STANLEY A. HACK & : CHRISTINE E. HACK, H/W; MICHAEL L. : HYNES & JANICE M. HYNES, H/W; : THOMAS E. DARABANT & FAYE C. : FLORIANI; WILLIAM J. GARRITY, SR. & : PATRICIA ANN GARRITY, H/W; ARCHIE L. : MCINTYRE; CLARENCE JOSEPH WELTER & : MARA WELTER, H/W; LISBETH A. DINEEN; : CHARLES W. FETROW & MARGARET A. : FETROW, H/W; KATHLEEN LYON; MARK A. : PETROZZA & DOROTHY M. PETROZZA, H/W; : JOHN R. ZECCHINO, AS THEIR INTEREST MAY : APPEAR, : APPELLANTS

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Bonnie Brigance Leadbetter, President Judge

Argued: April 6, 2011

BEFORE: HONORABLE BONNIE BRIGANCE LEADBETTER, President Judge HONORABLE DAN PELLEGRINI, Judge HONORABLE ROBERT SIMPSON, Judge HONORABLE MARY HANNAH LEAVITT, Judge HONORABLE P. KEVIN BROBSON, Judge HONORABLE PATRICIA A. McCULLOUGH, Judge HONORABLE JOHNNY J. BUTLER, Judge

OPINION BY PRESIDENT JUDGE LEADBETTER

This case, on remand from our Supreme Court, involves a challenge to the constitutionality of the Private Road Act (PRA).*fn1 This case began when Timothy P. O'Reilly filed a Petition for the Appointment of a Board of Viewers pursuant to the PRA, for the purpose of creating a private road allowing access to a landlocked parcel he owns. The Hickory on the Green Homeowners Association (Association), along with numerous landowners and neighbors, filed preliminary objections to the petition, arguing that takings under the PRA were unconstitutional. The Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County overruled the objections, stating that the constitutionality of the PRA was well established. This court granted an interlocutory appeal and, in an en banc opinion, affirmed. See In re: Opening of Private Road for the Benefit of Timothy P. O'Reilly (O'Reilly I), 954 A.2d 57 (Pa. Cmwlth. 2008). Our Supreme Court reversed and remanded for further review. In re Opening Private Road for Benefit of O'Reilly (O'Reilly II), __ Pa. __, 5 A.3d 246 (2010). We now vacate the original common pleas opinion and remand for further proceedings.

As this appeal was taken after preliminary objections, the factual record is quite thin. O'Reilly's petition simply alleges that he owns a plot of land in South Fayette Township, Allegheny County, that is landlocked, and requested the appointment of a board of viewers to evaluate a proposed private road which would cross land owned by Mary Lou Sorbara and the Association. O'Reilly averred that Sorbara had no objection to the proposed road. The Association, however, along with much of its membership in their capacity as landowners in the development, filed preliminary objections, arguing, among other things, that the Act authorized takings that were unconstitutional under both the United States and Pennsylvania constitutions, because they were for private, not public, use.*fn2 As noted above, common pleas overruled the objections, and this court granted an interlocutory appeal and affirmed.

In affirming, this court offered a number of reasons that takings under the PRA were constitutional. First, we cited a long line of cases, starting with Wadell's Appeal, 84 Pa. 90 (1877), affirming the constitutionality of the PRA. However, we noted that the constitutionality of the PRA had been called into question by several recent decisions of our Supreme Court. Specifically, in Middletown Township v. Lands of Stone, 595 Pa. 607, 939 A.2d 331 (2007), the Court stated that:

"[A] taking will be seen as having a public purpose only where the public is to be the primary and paramount beneficiary of its exercise." In re Bruce Ave., 438 Pa. 498, 266 A.2d 96, 99 (1970). In considering whether a primary public purpose was properly invoked, this Court has looked for the "real or fundamental purpose" behind a taking. Belovsky v. Redevelopment Authority, 357 Pa. 329, 54 A.2d 277, 283 (1947). Stated otherwise, the true purpose must primarily benefit the public.

Id. at 617, 939 A.2d at 337. In addition, a plurality of our Supreme Court, in In re Forrester, 575 Pa. 365, 836 A.2d 102 (2003), stated:

The primary beneficiary of the opening of a private road is the private individual or entity who petitions for such relief. Granted, society as a whole may receive a collateral benefit when landlocked property may be accessed by motorized vehicles, and thus presumably be put to its highest economic use; yet, it cannot seriously be contended that the general population is the primary beneficiary of the opening of a road that is limited to the use of the person who petitioned for it. Thus, as the opening of a private road pursuant to the Act does not accomplish a public purpose, it cannot be seen as the exercise of the power of eminent domain.

Id. at 370-71, 836 A.2d at 106-07. In response to an argument made by the dissent, the Forrester plurality acknowledged that its holding might bring the constitutionality of the PRA into question, but declined to address the matter, saying it was not before the Court. Id. at 371, 836 A.2d at 106 n.4.

This court acknowledged these recent cases, but nevertheless found two reasons to uphold the PRA. First, after reviewing an extensive history of land grants in Pennsylvania, including colonial history, the court concluded that all land in the state was burdened with a 6% incorporeal burden, subject to seizure for use as public or private highways. In the alternative, the court held that seizures under the PRA had a public purpose because

[a]lthough the private property owner who petitioned for the private road certainly gains from the opening of the road, the public gains because otherwise inaccessible swaths of land in Pennsylvania would remain fallow and unproductive, whether to farm, timber or log for residences, making that land virtually worthless and not contributing to commerce or the taX base of this Commonwealth.

O'Reilly I, 954 A.2d at 72.

In reversing, our Supreme Court did not hold the PRA to be facially unconstitutional, but rather clarified the "public purpose" standard and remanded for further consideration of the pertinent facts under this standard. It began by noting that actions under the PRA are not exercises of the police power, but takings which are subject to the same constitutional restrictions as takings under eminent domain.

In addition, the Court emphasized that the applicable standard in this case was the one articulated in Lands of Stone: that takings must have a public purpose and that a public purpose exists only when the public is "the primary and paramount beneficiary" of the taking. O'Reilly II, __ Pa. at __, 5 A.3d at 258 [citing Lands of Stone, 595 Pa. at 617, 939 A.2d at 337].*fn3 The Court remanded for this court to consider whether, in this case, the public was the primary and paramount beneficiary. In remanding, our Supreme Court stated:

Perhaps the most compelling assertions advanced by Appellee [O'Reilly] lie in the purported interrelation between the Commonwealth's initial exercise of its eminent domain power to construct an interstate highway-which apparently isolated Appellee's property from access to public roads-and Appellee's subsequent invocation of the PRA to restore access. In light of the course this appeal has taken, however, potentially relevant details (for example, whether Appellee's use of the PRA to restore access to the property was contemplated at the time the Commonwealth removed it, and whether Appellee acted with reasonable promptitude such that the two takings reasonably might be regarded as an interconnected course of events) are not well developed before this Court. Accordingly, we will return the matter to the Commonwealth Court to consider this and any remaining matters which have been raised and preserved for judicial review and which may bear on whether the public is fairly regarded as the primary and paramount beneficiary.

We have concluded that the court of original appellate jurisdiction has the responsibility, in the first instance, to review Appellants' preserved and colorable arguments, and any decision to affirm the taking of their property should be closely reasoned. Id., __ Pa. at __, 5 A.3d at 258-59.

Back before this court, O'Reilly moved for a further remand to common pleas, for the purpose of supplementing the record with information related to the issues addressed by our Supreme Court above, specifically that it was the Commonwealth's seizure of land to build a highway that caused the parcel at issue to become landlocked, and the timeline of proceedings following that action. As it stands, the record is essentially bereft of information on these topics.*fn4 By per curium order on February 11, this court denied O'Reilly's motion and listed this case for argument en banc.

Before this court, both parties continue to dispute the constitutionality of the PRA. O'Reilly notes that our Supreme Court at no point declared the PRA unconstitutional and argues that, because he has fulfilled the PRA's statutory requirements, he should be allowed to proceed. He also cites the United States Supreme Court's decision in Kelo v. City of New London, 545 U.S. 469 (2005), in which the Supreme Court approved the condemnation of private property for transfer to another private owner, on the theory that it would spur development of a distressed municipality. In that case, the Supreme Court affirmed that takings must be for a public purpose, but it deferred to the state legislature's judgment as to what constitutes such a purpose.

O'Reilly argues that there are a number of indications that the General Assembly views the construction of private roads as serving a public purpose. First, of course, is the existence of the PRA itself. Second, O'Reilly points to the recently-enacted Property Rights Protection Act, 26 Pa. C.S. §§ 201-207, which bans the use of eminent domain for private purposes, with an explicit exception for condemnations for roads to landlocked properties. See 26 Pa. C.S. § 204(b)(9). This argument, however, while it may demonstrate that the PRA is compliant with the federal standard set out in Kelo, does nothing to show compliance with the more stringent standard in Lands of Stone, which our Supreme Court explicitly instructed this court to consider.

Addressing the Lands of Stone requirement that the public be the primary and paramount beneficiary, O'Reilly argues that that the parcel became landlocked because of a condemnation to build a highway, and, if that condemnation is viewed as one transaction with his private road action, the public is the primary beneficiary. However, he acknowledges that no information about the highway condemnation is on the record.

The Association continues to argue that a straightforward application of Lands of Stone, as well as the general principal that private land cannot be seized for private use, requires that the PRA be found facially unconstitutional. The Association does not address why this court should make that determination when our Supreme Court, presented with the same question, declined to do so, and, instead remanded for consideration of the circumstances surrounding this case.*fn5

Suffice it to say that we will follow our Supreme Court's explicit instructions on remand: to consider the constitutionality of the specific taking at issue in this case under the standard identified.

In examining the record, however, we are convinced that we do not have enough information to determine whether the public would be the primary and paramount beneficiary of the taking in this case. There are a number of reasons for this: this case is before us on appeal from preliminary objections, so there is no factual record; the parties' pleadings did not specifically address the standard that our Supreme Court has now made clear applies; and there is nothing even in the pleadings relating to the issue of the highway condemnation raised by our Supreme Court.

We therefore will remand this case to the court of common pleas to hold a hearing, make findings of fact, and consider these issues. At this hearing, the court should consider not only evidence presented by the parties about the alleged highway taking that caused the parcel at issue to become landlocked, but also any other evidence relevant to determining who the primary and paramount beneficiary of the proposed taking would be.*fn6

Judge McGinley did not participate in the decision in this case.

IN THE COMMONWEALTH COURT OF PENNSYLVANIA

In the Matter of: Opening a Private : Road for the Benefit of Timothy P. : O'Reilly Over Lands of (a) Hickory on : the Green Homeowners Association, : and (b) Mary Lou Sorbara; Gregory E. : Burgunder; Ann E. Cain; Don E. Cottrill : & Norma J. Cottrill, h/w; Joseph K. : Cupples; Bart V. Delcimmuto; James D. : Dragoo & Linda J. Dragoo, h/w; : Kimberly M. Fonzi; Brian J. Gallagher : & Diane J. Gallagher, h/w; Dolores M. : Gembarosky; Michael J. Gralish, Jr. & : Virginia A. Gralish, h/w; Diane M. : Giuliana; Jeffery W. Hutchens; David : B. Keith & Christina A. Keith, h/w; : Joanne B. Kuchinic, Testamentary : Trust; Harry J. Lee, Jr.; Jay A. Levy; : S. Greg Malone; Joseph V. Mazur & : Kelly L. Poole; Martin Mickey & : Melissa G. Mickey, h/w; Regis G. : Niederberger & Kathleen C. : Niederberger, h/w; Gordon J. Orr; : Anne M. Paul; Thomas G. Porter; : Roseanne E. Petraglia; Eric H. : Rittenhouse & Danielle L. Rittenhouse, : h/w; John J. Sahlaney; Jerome Schmier : & Carol Falo, h/w; John R. Shafer, : Trustee or his successors in trust, under : the John S. Shafer Living Trust, dated : November 20, 2001, and Jessie M. : Shafer, Trustee, or her successors in : trust, under the Jessie M. Shafer Living : Trust, dated November 20, 2001; : Marcus A Spatafore & Kristin C. : Brazell; William E. Sprecher & : Marcellene Sprecher, h/w; and Frank J. : Sprecher & Agnes E. Sprecher, h/w, : Life Estate; Roxanne M. Squillante; : Susan C. Stanko; Shanan R. Stewart; : Richard H. Sweet & Marsha A. Sweet, : h/w; Gregory Taylor; John M. Thomas; : Thomas P. Wakim & Kimberly L. : Wakim, h/w; Betty B. Williams & : Leon I. Williams (Co-Trustees); : Royce D. Vanderpool; Melissa J. : Schiller & Melanie M. Schiller; Janet : Zewe; Frank A. Bodnar; Karen R. : Billingham; Bradford R. Jones; : Virginia L. Knaus, Trustee Under : Qualified Personal Residence Trust : Agreement, dated July 27, 2000; : Joan L. Massella; Donna Durkan; : Geraldine R. Altenhof; Elizabeth Beck; : Darlene A. Taylor; James E. Spence & : Kathy F. Spence, h/w; Lance D. Moller; : Lindy M. McGee; The Judith F. : Koblitz Trust; Richard E. McNutt & : Helena A. McNutt, h/w; Dorothy D. : Wagner; Spitzig Living Trust and : William A. Spitzig and Marilyn J. : Spitzig (Trustees); Sandra H. OConnell; : Thomas C. Skena; Zaraf Moshin; : Paul W. Amic & Carole L. Amic, h/w; : Margaret M. Showalter; James P. : Flannery & Patricia C. Flannery, h/w; : Deborah A. Gertz; Carol L. Schartner; : John A. Udischas & Susan C. Udischas, : h/w; Donna M. Bartko; Kyli J. Martin; : Robert J. Grimm & Jana L. Phillis; : Amy R. Solomon; Richard M. Buck & : Barbara L. Buck, h/w; Arlene Lipton; : William G. Eiler; Catherine M. Smith; : Dawna M. Maydak; Mildred K. Fincke; : Margaret M. Cornellius; Craig M. : Drinkhall; Randi Burdick; Robert F. : Milligan, Jr. & Marilyn R. Milligan, : h/w; Ronald G. Bauer & Teresa L. : Bauer, h/w; Anna Marie Cimarolli; : Jor R. Palmer & Ann D. Palmer, h/w; : John William Minnich; Joseph J. : Astorino & Marilyn J. Astorino, h/w; : Thomas S. Phillips; Catherine E. Tsai; : Naomi H. Patton; Stanley A. Hack & : Christine E. Hack, h/w; Michael L. : Hynes & Janice M. Hynes, h/w; : Thomas E. Darabant & Faye C. : Floriani; William J. Garrity, Sr. & : Patricia Ann Garrity, h/w; Archie L. : McIntyre; Clarence Joseph Welter & : Mara Welter, h/w; Lisbeth A. Dineen; : Charles W. Fetrow & Margaret A. : Fetrow, h/w; Kathleen Lyon; Mark A. : Petrozza & Dorothy M. Petrozza, h/w; : John R. Zecchino, as their interest may : appear : Timothy P. O'Reilly : : v. : : (a) Hickory on the Green Homeowners : Association, and (b) Mary Lou Sorbara; : Gregory E. Burgunder; Ann E. Cain; : Don E. Cottrill & Norma J. Cottrill, : h/w; Joseph K. Cupples; Bart V. : Delcimmuto; James D. Dragoo & : Linda J. Dragoo, h/w; Kimberly M. : Fonzi; Brian J. Gallagher & Diane J. : Gallagher, h/w; Dolores M. : Gembarosky; Michael J. Gralish, Jr. & : Virginia A. Gralish, h/w; Diane M. : Giuliana; Jeffery W. Hutchens; David : B. Keith & Christina A. Keith, h/w; : Joanne B. Kuchinic, Testamentary : Trust; Harry J. Lee, Jr.; Jay A. Levy; : S. Greg Malone; Joseph V. Mazur & : Kelly L. Poole; Martin Mickey & : Melissa G. Mickey, h/w; Regis G. : Niederberger & Kathleen C. : Niederberger, h/w; Gordon J. Orr; : Anne M. Paul; Thomas G. Porter; : Roseanne E. Petraglio; Eric H. : Rittenhouse & Danielle L. Rittenhouse, : h/w; John J. Sahlaney; Jerome Schmier : & Carol Falo, h/w; John R. Shafer, : Trustee or his successors in trust, under : the John S. Shafer Living Trust, dated : No. 2214 C.D. 2007 November 20, 2001, and Jessie M. : Shafer, Trustee or her successors in : trust, under the Jessie M. Shafer Living : Trust, dated November 20, 2001; : Marcus A Spatafore & Kristin C. : Brazell; William E. Sprecher & : Marcellene Sprecher h/w; and Frank J. : Sprecher & Agnes E. Sprecher, h/w, : Life Estate; Roxanne M. Squillante; : Susan C. Stanko; Shanan R. Stewart; : Richard H. Sweet & Marsha A. Sweet, : h/w; Gregory Taylor; John M. Thomas; : Thomas P. Wakim & Kimberly L. : Wakim, h/w; Betty B. Williams & : Leon I. Williams (Co-Trustees); : Royce D. Vanderpool; Melissa J. : Schiller & Melanie M. Schiller; Janet : Zewe; Frank A. Bodnar; Karen R. : Billingham; Bradford R. Jones; : Virginia L. Knaus, Trustee Under : Qualified Personal Residence Trust : Agreement dated July 27, 2000; : Joan L. Massella; Donna Durkan; : Geraldine R. Altenhof; Elizabeth Beck; : Darlene A. Taylor; James E. Spence & : Kathy F. Spence, h/w; Lance D. Moller; : Lindy M. McGee; The Judith F. Koblitz : Trust; Richard E. McNutt & Helena A. : McNutt, h/w; Dorothy D. Wagner; : Spitzig Living Trust; Sandra H. : OConnell; Thomas C. Skena; Zaraf : Moshin; Paul W. Amic & Carole L. : Amic, h/w; Margaret M. Showalter; : James P. Flannery & Patricia C. : Flannery, h/w; Deborah A. Gertz; : Carol L. Schartner; John A. Udischas & : Susan C. Udischas, h/w; Donna M. : Bartko; Kyli J. Martin; Robert J. Grimm : & Jana L. Phillis; Amy R. Solomon; : Richard M. Buck & Barbara L. Buck, : h/w; Arlene Liton; William G. Eiler; : Catherine M. Smith; Dawna M. : Maydak; Mildred K. Fincke; : Margaret M. Cornellius; Craig M. : Drinkhall; Randi Burdick; Robert F. : Milligan, Jr. & Marilyn R. Milligan, : h/w; Ronald G. Bauer & Teresa L. : Bauer, h/w; Anna Marie Cimarolli; : Jor R. Palmer & Ann D. Palmer, h/w; : John William Minnich; Joseph J. : Astorino & Marilyn J. Astorino, h/w; : Thomas S. Phillips; Catherine E. Tsai; : Naomi H. Patton; Stanley A. Hack & : Christine E. Hack, h/w; Michael L. : Hynes & Janice M. Hynes, h/w; : Thomas E. Darabant & Faye C. : Floriani; William J. Garrity, Sr. & : Patricia Ann Garrity, h/w; Archie L. : McIntyre; Clarence Joseph Welter & : Mara Welter, h/w; Lisbeth A. Dineen; : Charles W. Fetrow & Margaret A. : Fetrow, h/w; Kathleen Lyon; Mark A. : Petrozza & Dorothy M. Petrozza, h/w; : John R. Zecchino, as their interest may : appear, : Appellants :

ORDER

AND NOW, this 5th day of May, 2011, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County in the above-captioned matter is hereby VACATED, and this matter is REMANDED for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

Jurisdiction relinquished.

BONNIE BRIGANCE LEADBETTER, President Judge


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