Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Essex Insurance Co. v. Raymond Miles

December 3, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Bartle, C.J.


Essex Insurance Company ("Essex") brings this action against defendants Raymond and Cheryl Miles seeking to collect a judgment Essex has obtained against RMJC, Incorporated ("RMJC"), a corporation owned by the defendants. Essex seeks to pierce the corporate veil. Before the court is the motion of defendant Raymond Miles ("Miles") to dismiss the complaint for failure to plead a claim under Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Miles contends that the complaint fails to meet the pleading requirements of Rule 8 as interpreted by the Supreme Court in Bell Atlantic v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007), and Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009).


The following facts, including those of public record, are undisputed or viewed in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. See S. Cross Overseas Agencies, Inc. v. Wah Kwong Shipping Grp. Ltd., 181 F.3d 410, 426-27 (3d Cir. 1999)). Miles was the co-owner of an adult entertainment club, the "Show & Tel." He operated the club through RMJC and two other corporations, Rayski, Incorporated ("Rayski") and Starlight Management Company ("Starlight"). In March 2000, a patron named Mark Jaworski ("Jaworski") sustained physical injuries when he was forcibly ejected from the Show & Tel by security personnel. Jaworski brought suit against RMJC, Rayski, and Starlight in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County. See Jaworski v. RMJC, et al., No. 2794 (Ct. C.P. Phila. Feb. 12, 2003).

In response, RMJC, Rayski, and Starlight sought to have Essex, their insurance carrier, provide a defense and any indemnity arising out of Jaworski's suit. Essex disclaimed coverage and brought a declaratory judgment action in this court. See Essex Ins. Co. v. RMJC, Inc., et al., No. 01-4049 (E.D. Pa. Aug. 9, 2001). On January 17, 2002, this court held that Essex had a duty to defend RMJC in the Jaworski action and granted the motion of RMJC for summary judgment on this issue. With respect to the issue of indemnification, the court stayed the action pending a resolution of the Jaworski state court action. Essex, No. 01-4049, 2002 WL 32348287, at *2 (E.D. Pa. Jan. 17, 2002).

As a result of our ruling, Essex defended RMJC in the Jaworski case. The matter ultimately resulted in a jury verdict in favor of Jaworski and against RMJC in 2003. The Court of Common Pleas entered judgment against RMJC in the amount of $362,178.08 and was affirmed on appeal. Jaworski v. RMJC, Inc., 858 A.2d 1290 (Pa. Super. Ct. 2004), appeal denied, 868 A.2d 452 (Pa. 2005). Essex paid the judgment. On May 23, 2005, this court entered summary judgment in favor of RMJC and against Essex, finding that Essex had a duty to indemnify RMJC for the Jaworski case. Essex, No. 01-4049, 2005 WL 1221756, at *4 (E.D. Pa. May 23, 2005).

However, on October 19, 2006, the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reversed our decision on the issue of indemnification and remanded the case back to this court. Essex Ins. Co. v. RMJC, Inc., et al., 198 F. App'x 179, 181 (3d Cir. 2006). On remand, we found that Essex had no duty to indemnify RMJC in the Jaworski action and that RMJC had been unjustly enriched by the insurance payment to Jaworski on RMJC's behalf. Accordingly, we entered judgment in favor of Essex in the amount of $410,315.15, and the Court of Appeals subsequently affirmed. See Essex, No. 01-4049, 2007 WL 3243628, at *7 (E.D. Pa. Nov. 1, 2007), aff'd 306 F. App'x 749, 756 (3d Cir. 2009). Despite its success, Essex was never able to collect on the judgment against RMJC. On July 22, 2010, Essex filed the instant suit against Raymond and Cheryl Miles to obtain the money owed to it by RMJC.


Rule 8 provides that a pleading must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a). Under Conley v. Gibson, a complaint would survive a motion to dismiss unless there was "no set of facts" which would entitle the plaintiff to relief. 355 U.S. 41, 46 (1957), abrogated by Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007). The complaint merely needed to "give the defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Id. at 47.

In Twombly, an antitrust case, the Supreme Court overturned Conley and held that Rule 8 encompassed a "facial plausibility" pleading standard. 550 U.S. at 570. Under this new standard, a complaint "requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do." Id. at 555. The Twombly Court explained that "factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level" in order for a case to move past the motion to dismiss stage. Id.

In Iqbal, the Court made explicit that this standard applied to all civil cases. 129 S. Ct. at 1949, 1953. In doing so, the Court declared that "Rule 8 marks a notable and generous departure from the hyper-technical, code-pleading regime of a prior era, but it does not unlock the doors of discovery for a plaintiff armed with nothing more than conclusions." Id. at 1950. Although Rule 8 does not impose a heightened standard requiring in-depth factual allegations, it "demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation." Id. at 1949 (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555). Instead, a court must conduct a contextual, common-sense analysis to determine whether a complaint states a factually plausible claim. Id. at 1950. There must be more than a "mere possibility" of misconduct. Id. Thus, factual allegations that could support an inference of illegal conduct just as easily as non-illegal activity cannot show that a plaintiff is entitled to relief. Id.

In light of Twombly and Iqbal, our Court of Appeals has instructed district courts to use a two-part analysis when dealing with a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim:

First, the factual and legal elements of a claim should be separated. The District Court must accept all of the complaint's well-pleaded facts as true, but may disregard any legal conclusions. Second, a District Court must then determine whether the facts alleged in the complaint are sufficient to show that the plaintiff has a "plausible claim for relief."

Fowler v. UPMC Shadyside, 578 F.3d 203, 210-11 (3d Cir. 2009) (quoting Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1950). If, after conducting this analysis, the district court concludes that the complaint shows "more than the mere possibility of misconduct," the plaintiff will be entitled to ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.