IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
November 1, 2010
LINDA HAMILTON, PLAINTIFF,
DR. DENNIS HORWITZ, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Arthur J. Schwab United States District Judge
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION (DOC. No. 6)
On September 23, 2010, plaintiff Linda Hamilton having failed to respond to this Court=s Order to Show Cause entered September 9, 2010 (doc. no. 4), the Court ordered that the above captioned matter be dismissed without prejudice pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m) for failure of plaintiff to make service on the defendant within 120 days of the filing of the complaint. Plaintiff's one page handwritten complaint, which may have been predicated on diversity of jurisdiction grounds, appears to be attempting to state a common law claim against Dr. Dennis Horwitz for dissatisfaction with her plastic surgery and/or defamation when he allegedly insulted her appearance and intelligence.
On October 27, 2010, plaintiff filed a letter that was docketed as a motion for reconsideration, asking this Court to reinstate her case because she is a layperson who has difficulty getting to Pittsburgh (to file pleadings, presumably), and because she is sole caretaker for her husband who is disabled.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not explicitly provide for motions for reconsideration. See Computerized Thermal Imaging, Inc. v. Bloomberg, L.P., 312 F.3d 1292, 1296 n. 3 (10th Cir. 2002); Bass v. U.S. Dept. of Agric., 211 F.3d 959.962 (5th Cir. 2000). Nevertheless, motions to reconsider are treated as motions to alter or amend a judgment under Rule 59(e) or motions for relief from judgments or orders under Rule 60(b).
The purpose of a motion for reconsideration is to Acorrect manifest errors of law or fact or [to] present newly discovered evidence.@ Lazaridis v. Wehmer, 591 F.3d 666, 669 (3d Cir. 2010) (quoting Max's Seafood Cafe v. Quinteros, 176 F.3d 669, 678 (3d Cir.1999). ADissatisfaction with the Court's ruling is not a proper basis for reconsideration.@ Id. (citation omitted); see also Glenolden Energy Co. v. Borough of Glenolden, 836 F.Supp. 1109, 1122 (E.D.Pa. 1993) (finding that a motion for reconsideration is not properly grounded on request to rethink a decision the court has already made). Courts need not reconsider repetitive arguments that have already been fully examined. Blue Mountain Mushroom Co. v. Monterey Mushroom, Inc., 246 F.Supp.2d 394, 398 (E.D.Pa.2002)). In addition, a motion for reconsideration may not be used as a vehicle to assert new arguments that could have been but were not previously presented to the court. See Bailey v. United Airlines, 279 F.3d 194, 201 (3d Cir. 2002) (AA district court may properly refuse to consider evidence presented in a motion for reconsideration when the evidence was available prior to summary judgment.@). Due to the strong interest in the finality of judgments, courts should grant motions for reconsideration sparingly. A.K. Stamping Co. v. Instrument Specialties Co., 106 F.Supp.2d 627, 662 (D.N.J.2000) (noting Rule 56(e) provides an Aextraordinary remedy@ that is A>to be granted sparingly=@) (quoting NL Indus., Inc., v. Commercial Union Ins. Co., 935 F.Supp. 513, 516 (D.N.J.1996)).
Whether a motion for reconsideration is governed by Rule 59(e) or Rule 60(b) will depend on the date it is filed. If it is filed within the ten day period set for Rule 59(e) motions, reconsideration will be addressed under Rule 59(e). See, e.g., Global Naps, Inc. v. Verizon New England, Inc., 489 F.3d 13, 25 (1st Cir. 2007); Allender v. Raytheon Aircraft Co., 439 F.3d 1236, 1242 (10th Cir. 2006).
A proper motion for reconsideration under Rule 59(e) must rely on one of three grounds: (1) intervening change in controlling law; (2) availability of new evidence that was not available when the Court entered judgment; or (3) the need to correct a clear error of law or fact or to prevent manifest injustice. Lazaridis, 591 F3d at 669 (citing N. River Ins. Co. v. CIGNA Reinsurance Co., 52 F.3d 1194, 1218 (3d Cir. 1995)).
Rule 60(a) provides for relief from a judgment or order based on clerical mistakes. Under Rule 60(b), the Acourt may relieve a party or its legal representative from a final judgment, order, or proceeding@ for the following reasons:
(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect;
(2) newly discovered evidence that, with reasonable diligence, could not have been discovered in time to move far a new trial under Rule 59(b);
(3) fraud (whether previously called intrinsic or extrinsic), misrepresentation, or misconduct by an opposing party;
(4) the judgment is void;
(5) the judgment has been satisfied, released or discharged; it is based on an earlier judgment that has been reversed or vacated; or applying it prospectively is no longer equitable; or
(6) any other reason that justifies relief. Fed.R.Civ.P. 60.
Under the residual category, Rule 60(b)(6), relief is only available in cases evidencing Aextraordinary circumstances;@ since legal error can usually be corrected on appeal, legal error alone fails to justify relief under Rule 60(b)(6). Pridgen v. Shannon, 380 F.3d 721, 728 (3d Cir. 2004); Morris v. Horn, 187 F.3d 333, 341 (3d Cir. 1999) (stating that Aa Rule 60(b)(6) motion may not be used as a substitute for an appeal.@)
Rule 60 motions may be made within a year after the entry of judgment.
Fed.R.Civ.P. 60(c). Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration was filed more than ten days after the Court=s dispositive order, and must be treated as a Rule 60 motion.
Plaintiff has offered no grounds for reconsideration of the Court's Order of September 23, 2010 dismissing the case, nor has she offered anything that would arguably justify relief under Rule 60. Accordingly,
Plaintiff's Motion for Reconsideration (doc. No. 6) is HEREBY DENIED.
SO ORDERED this 1st day of November, 2010.
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