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Constantinides v. Leslie Controls

September 30, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Eduardo C. Robreno, J.


MDL 875


Before the Court is the report and recommendation ("R&R") issued by Chief Magistrate Judge Thomas J. Rueter, and joined by Magistrate Judges David R. Strawbridge and Elizabeth T. Hey ("the Panel"), and Defendant Leslie Controls, Inc.'s objections thereto. The Panel recommends that the Court deny Defendant Leslie Controls, Inc.'s motion for summary judgment.*fn1 The issue before the Court revolves around product identification.


Peter Constantinides initiated this action in August 2008 in the Circuit Court of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit in and for Miami-Dade County Florida, alleging negligence and strict liability claims against several defendants based on their failure to warn of the dangers associated with asbestos exposure. (R&R at 1). The case was subsequently removed the District Court and transferred to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania as part of MDL-875, the consolidated asbestos personal injury multidistrict litigation.

Mr. Constantinides was diagnosed with Mesothelioma in 2007. (R&R at 2). His only lifetime exposure to asbestos occurred during fifteen months while he served in the United States Navy on the U.S.S. Iowa from 1954 to 1956. Id. Mr. Constantinides was employed as a fireman's apprentice and then as a fireman on the U.S.S. Iowa, where one of his main assignments was to work in the boiler room. Id. The boiler room contained numerous pipes and machinery encased in external asbestos insulation and/or containing gaskets and other internal parts which were encased in asbestos. Id.

The record is unclear regarding the precise number of Leslie Controls, Inc. ("Leslie Controls") products were present in the boiler room in which Mr. Constantinides worked. (R&R at 3, n.3). However, the parties appear to agree that there were six Leslie Controls valves present in the boiler room. (Id.; Deposition of Arnold P. Moore, doc. no. 125-6, at 247:7-8; Transcript of Oral Argument, doc. no. 141, March 2, 2010 at 93). Mr. Constantinides testified that he occasionally repaired pumps and motors by removing and replacing gaskets and bearings. (Pl. Video Dep., doc. no. 125-2, 56-59). Mr. Constantinides testified that his working environment was dusty. (Discovery Dep., Vol. I, doc. no. 127-2, at 20:8-9). According to a co-worker, Mr. Harris, Mr. Constantinides spent about 10 days cleaning and scraping the packing from valves and then repacking them, and that he breathed in the dust created by this work. (Robert L. Harris Dep., doc. no. 125-4, at 11-15, 52, 65). Plaintiffs' expert testified that Leslie Controls valves were specified for the use of external asbestos insulation. (Arnold Moore Dep., doc. no. 125-6, at 250, 253-54).

Defendant moved for summary judgment, arguing that Plaintiffs had failed to establish that Leslie Controls products were a cause of Mr. Constantinides's asbestos-related injuries. (Def.'s Mot. Summ. J., doc. no. 103). The Panel denied Leslie Controls's Motion for Summary Judgment, finding that plaintiffs had raised a genuine issue of material fact as to whether Defendant's products caused Mr. Constantinides's asbestos-related injuries.

Defendant raises objections to three of the Panel's findings. First, Defendant objects to the finding that, despite Defendant's assertion that its valves were too small to be the type Mr. Constantinides worked on, there remains a genuine issue of fact as to causation. (Def.'s Objects., doc. no. 168 at 2). Second, Defendant argues that it cannot be held liable for asbestos insulation applied to its products that it neither manufactured nor supplied. (Id. at 2-3). Finally, Defendant objects to the finding that there is a "battle of the experts" regarding the medical causation of Mr. Constantinides's injuries. (Id.).


Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C), "[a] judge of the Court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made. A judge of the Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." Id.

When evaluating a motion for summary judgment, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56 provides that the Court must grant judgment in favor of the moving party when "the pleadings, the discovery and disclosure materials on file, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact . . . ." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(2). A fact is "material" if its existence or non-existence would affect the outcome of the suit under governing law. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). An issue of fact is "genuine" when there is sufficient evidence from which a reasonable jury could find in favor of the non-moving party regarding the existence of that fact. Id. at 248-49. "In considering the evidence, the court should draw all reasonable inferences against the moving party." El v. SEPTA, 479 F.3d 232, 238 (3d Cir. 2007).

"Although the initial burden is on the summary judgment movant to show the absence of a genuine issue of material fact, 'the burden on the moving party may be discharged by showing-that is, pointing out to the district court-that there is an absence of evidence to support the nonmoving party's case' when the nonmoving party bears the ultimate burden of proof." Conoshenti v. Pub. Serv. Elec. & Gas Co., 364 F.3d 135, 140 (3d Cir. 2004) (quoting Singletary v. Pa. Dep't of Corr., 266 F.3d 186, 192 n.2 (3d Cir. 2001)). Once the moving party has thus discharged its burden, the nonmoving party "may not rely merely on allegations or denials in its own ...

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