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Yurisic v. Carter

September 21, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Terrence F. McVerry United States District Court Judge


Presently before the Court is DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR ATTORNEY'S FEES AND NON-TAXABLE COSTS (Document No. 50) filed by police officer Edward Carter, Jr.. Plaintiff, Matthew Yurisic, has filed a brief in opposition (Document No. 51) and Defendant filed a reply brief (Document No. 54). The motion is ripe for disposition.


The incident which gave rise to this lawsuit occurred on May 12, 2007 at approximately 8:00 a.m. Yurisic was 85 years old at the time of the incident. There had been a recent water main break on Water Street in the Borough of Greenville, Pennsylvania, although the street was not yet barricaded to traffic. Yurisic drove his truck through a puddle and into an unexpected sinkhole that had formed as a result of the water main break. Several employees from the Greenville Borough Water Department arrived on the scene and determined that it was necessary to remove Yurisic's vehicle from the sinkhole, as water was pouring out and the situation was becoming increasingly dangerous. It was also necessary for Yurisic to move away from the area. Officer Carter also arrived on the scene. The police station is located approximately 20-30 feet from the location of the sinkhole.

The parties' respective versions of events differ substantially. Carter, in essence, avers as follows: he offered to help Yurisic and asked him several times to exit his vehicle; Yurisic rejected his offers of assistance, refused to exit the vehicle, became belligerent, used obscene language, grabbed the officer's wrist, and struck the officer in the abdomen; Carter then used the minimum amount of force necessary to remove Yurisic from the truck, for his own safety, and escort him to the police station. Yurisic was detained for 10-20 minutes to obtain his identification and issue a citation for disorderly conduct. Thereafter, Carter offered to drive Yurisic to the hospital and when he refused, personally drove Yurisic home. En route, Carter informed Yurisic's son, Michael, of the incident and expressed concern. The charge against Yurisic was voluntarily dismissed.

Yurisic disputes important aspects of this account. Yurisic testified in his deposition that by the time Officer Carter arrived, he had already exited the truck, walked out of the puddle onto dry pavement, and was trying to call his son, Rick, to tow his truck. Yurisic also contends that Carter did not offer to help him, but rather, demanded that his vehicle be immediately removed or it would be towed. Plaintiff objected to paying for a tow truck because his son, whose business was located directly across the street, could tow it for free. Yurisic testified that he obeyed Officer Carter's order to not re-enter the truck, and merely leaned through the door to retrieve his cell phone and eye drops. Without warning, according to Plaintiff, Officer Carter stated "I'm tired of fussing with you. . .I am going to give you a citation" and grabbed him from behind and removed him by force to the police station, using a knee in his back. Yurisic testified that he asked Carter to "let go" because Carter was aggravating his rheumatoid arthritis. Yurisic claims that while in the police station, he pleaded to stand up to relieve his back pain, but Carter directed him to remain seated or he would be put in jail. Plaintiff attached photographs which depict extensive bruising on his left forearm and hand and stated that he was bed-ridden for two days after the incident. Yurisic denies having ever used vulgar language or having struck the police officer.

Yurisic brought this lawsuit under Section 1983 to effectuate his rights under the First, Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution. Defendant moved for summary judgment, which the Court denied as to Yurisic's Fourth Amendment claims for unlawful arrest and the use of excessive force. The Court conducted a three-day jury trial on May 17-19, 2010. At the close of Plaintiff's case in chief, Defendant made a motion for judgment as a matter of law pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 50, which the Court denied. Ultimately, the jury found in favor of Defendant. Defendant is now seeking to recover attorneys fees and costs in an amount in excess of $30,000.


Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1988, the Court has discretion to award reasonable attorney fees and costs to the prevailing party in a civil rights case. Fees may be recovered, in theory, by a prevailing Defendant, although the standard is quite stringent. As the Supreme Court explained in Hughes v. Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 14-15 (1980) (emphasis added):

In Christiansburg Garment Co. v. EEOC, 434 U.S. 412, 98 S.Ct. 694, 54 L.Ed.2d 648 (1978), we held that the defendant in an action brought under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 may recover attorney's fees from the plaintiff only if the District Court finds "that the plaintiff's action was frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation, even though not brought in subjective bad faith." Id., at 421, 98 S.Ct., at 700. Although arguably a different standard might be applied in a civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, we can perceive no reason for applying a less stringent standard. The plaintiff's action must be meritless in the sense that it is groundless or without foundation. The fact that a plaintiff may ultimately lose his case is not in itself a sufficient justification for the assessment of fees. As we stated in Christiansburg:

To take the further step of assessing attorney's fees against plaintiffs simply because they do not finally prevail would substantially add to the risks inhering in most litigation and would undercut the efforts of Congress to promote the vigorous enforcement of the provisions of Title VII. Hence, a plaintiff should not be assessed his opponent's attorney's fees unless a court finds that his claim was frivolous, unreasonable, or groundless, or that the plaintiff continued to litigate after it clearly became so.

See also Barnes Foundation v. Township of Lower Merion, 242 F.3d 151, 158 (3d Cir. 2001). Although defense counsel cited Christiansburg, he omitted discussion of the applicable standard in his original brief and instead suggested to the Court (based on a citation to a Copyright Act case) that "prevailing plaintiffs and prevailing defendants are to be treated alike." Defense counsel failed to cite Barnes, the applicable mandatory precedent in the Third Circuit, in his original brief. Only after Plaintiff set forth the correct standard did Defendant acknowledge it in his reply brief.


The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution states, in relevant part: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against ...

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